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17 Oct 2017 description
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Introduction

Hopes that the August 2015 peace agreement between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) government of Salva Kiir and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) of Riek Machar would end the conflict in South Sudan collapsed with the return to fighting on 8 July 2016. A year later the fighting has continued and spread, the humanitarian crisis has deepened, and the international peacemakers are reduced to making appeals to end the violence that are ignored.

19 May 2017 description
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Following fighting in Juba in July 2016 and Riek Machar’s flight into the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the peace agreement between the Government of South Sudan and opposition forces has not only collapsed but has led to new conflict in Greater Equatoria, along the DRC border, according to a new report from the Small Arms Survey.

01 Oct 2015 description
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This paper describes the establishment, evolution, and internal dynamics of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in Opposition (SPLM-IO) following the events of December 2013; the distinct motivations and objectives of its political and military leaderships; and the state of the organization immediately prior to the signing of the compromise peace agreement brokered by the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in August 2015.

23 Apr 2015 description
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In early March 2015 the Ugandan army exhumed and returned to Uganda the remains of top LRA commander Okot Odhiambo. According to unofficial sources, DNA samples from the remains matched samples from known members of Odhiambo’s family living in Uganda. Believed to have been killed in a battle with Ugandan soldiers in the Central African Republic (CAR) in late 2013, Odhiambo’s remains were found after reliable testimony from former LRA combatants who recently defected.

16 Mar 2015 description
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Describes events through 11 March 2015

An LRA attack in Naibiapai, Western Equatoria State (WES), took place in early March 2015, the first in that village in three years. According to local officials, an LRA group likely travelling from neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), attacked Nabiapai on the night of 3 March, killing one and abducting 13 people. At least nine were later released after self-defense forces engaged the group, reportedly killing one fighter.

20 Feb 2015 description
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Describes events through 12 February 2015

07 Jul 2014 description
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In vast areas of East Africa, violent conflict involving pastoralist communities, and exacerbated by the prevalence of firearms, has resulted in large-scale death and injury, as well as the impoverishment of entire communities.

Many communities reliant on agro-pastoralism are situated in the Karamoja Cluster and in the Horn of Africa. The Karamoja Cluster comprises the border regions of south-western Ethiopia, north-western Kenya, south-eastern South Sudan, and north-eastern Uganda; the Horn of Africa is made up of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.

17 Sep 2012 description
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Karamoja, in the north-east of Uganda and one of the country’s least developed regions, has been plagued by decades-long inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic violence. The availability and use of small arms in the region has exacerbated the violence, and a climate of insecurity has hindered development. Various peace and security initiatives in the region aim to reduce the violence and improve security.

21 Aug 2012 description
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On 29 June 2012 the United Nations (UN) Security Council held a meeting to discuss the threat of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) to populations in South Sudan, the Central African Republic (CAR), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and the current African Union initiative to counter the fragmented armed group.

05 Jul 2012 description
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As part of the 2013 defense appropriations bill, the United States Senate voted on 17 May to allocate USD 50 million to ‘enhance and expand’ intelligence and surveillance support for US Special Forces and Ugandan troops tracking Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) fighters in central Africa. There are approximately 100 US Special Forces deployed to assist the Ugandan army apprehend LRA leader Joseph Kony and his commanders. About 30 US troops are based in the Central African Republic (CAR), in the southeastern towns of Obo and Djemah.

25 May 2012 description
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On 12 May, the Ugandan army said it had captured Caesar Achellam, a senior commander in the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Achellam, who held the rank of general in the LRA, is believed to have been the group’s third-in-command. The army reportedly captured him near the Mbomou River, which forms the border between the Central African Republic (CAR) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Achellam is the most senior LRA commander to be captured or killed since a Ugandan army offensive started in December 2008.

28 Apr 2012 description
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In early March, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and its leader Joseph Kony became global talking points after a video posted on the Internet by the US-based NGO Invisible Children went viral. ‘Kony2012’, which was viewed more than 100 million times, was designed to generate popular pressure for Kony’s arrest.

01 Mar 2012 description
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At the military level in the field, all the Darfur rebel factions are cooperating, exhibiting a pragmatic survival instinct that is rallying the disparate militias against their common enemies. The Sudanese government has stepped up hostilities since early 2011, focusing on the Sudan Liberation Army-Abdul Wahid (SLA-AW) stronghold of Jebel Marra and the Zaghawa-held areas of North and South Darfur such as Shangal Tobaiya, where SLA-Minni Minawi (SLA-MM) draws strength.

21 Feb 2012 description
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By 22 February 2012, at least 30 US military advisers were based in the town of Obo in the Central African Republic (CAR). The Americans set up base away from the Ugandan barracks in the town, in an effort, perhaps, to distance themselves from the increasingly unpopular Ugandan troops. An NGO worker said generally poor behaviour by some Ugandan soldiers, who were seen drunk and with prostitutes in public, coupled with scant LRA activity in the area have caused friction with local communities. Some officials have even called on the Ugandans to leave.

23 Jan 2012 description
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Following US President Barack Obama's decision to deploy US forces to Central Africa, advisers from the US military, deployed to assist the Ugandan army in its operation against the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), have arrived in the region. By the middle of January 2012, about 30 US Special Forces were based in the Central African Republic (CAR), settling in the towns of Djemah and Obo where Ugandan troops are also stationed.

17 Jan 2012 description
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At the military level in the field, all the Darfur rebel factions are currently cooperating, exhibiting a pragmatic survival instinct that is rallying the disparate militias against their common enemies. The Sudanese government has stepped up hostilities since early 2011, focusing on the Sudan Liberation Army-Abdul Wahid (SLA-AW) stronghold of Jebel Marra and then the Zaghawa-held areas of North and South Darfur such as Shangal Tobaiya, where SLA-Minni Minawi (SLA-MM) draws strength.

16 Dec 2011 description
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Following US President Barack Obama's decision to deploy US forces to Central Africa, the first troops had arrived in the Central African Republic (CAR) by early December 2011. According to US sources, a handful of military personnel set up in Obo, south-eastern CAR, adjacent to a Ugandan People's Defence Force (UPDF) base.

30 Nov 2011 description
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Darfur Armed Opposition Groups and Coalitions

At the military level in the field, all the Darfur rebel factions are currently cooperating, exhibiting a pragmatic survival instinct that is rallying the disparate militias against their common enemies. The Sudanese government has stepped up hostilities since early 2011, focusing on the Sudan Liberation Army-Abdul Wahid (SLA-AW) stronghold of Jebel Marra and then the Zaghawa-held areas of North and South Darfur such as Shangal Tobaiya, where SLA-Minni Minawi (SLA-MM) draws strength.