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Speech by ICRC President Peter Maurer, High-Level Humanitarian Event on South Sudan, United Nations General Assembly, 72nd session.
The humanitarian situation in South Sudan today is rapidly deteriorating, spiralling further and further out of control. The numbers of people affected run into the millions and comprise a significant proportion of the country’s population.
The impact of the conflict has gone far beyond the frontlines of war: sparking food shortages, an economic crisis and causing a massive displacement of people.
Khartoum/ Kampala/ Juba (ICRC) – The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has facilitated the release and repatriation of 125 people detained by the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N). The ICRC transported the released persons from two locations in South Sudan to Entebbe in Uganda and onward to Sudan, where they were handed over to government officials in Khartoum. The operation followed a request by the authorities in Kampala, Khartoum and Juba, and the SPLM-N, with agreement by all those involved.
Central and East Africa is home to the ICRC's second biggest operation in South Sudan. Africa as a whole accounts for 40% of the ICRC's field budget and Central and East Africa is home to four of the top ten largest ICRC operations in the world (South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and DRC). Within Africa, as in the rest of the world, people are forced to leave their homes as a result of armed conflict and other situations of violence. Some of these people remain internally displaced in their own country, whilst others flee across borders as migrants.
Traditional rules of warfare, the conduct of hostilities, and the categories of people and objects protected during war were among the issues discussed at a round table for academics that concluded this week in Nairobi, Kenya.
The discussion, organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), sought to engage participants on International Humanitarian Law (IHL), a set of rules that seek to limit the effects of armed conflict as well identify best practices in teaching the subject in institutions of higher learning.
Le CICR à Kampala a remis avec succès dix enfants mineurs à la délégation du CICR en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) à Bunagana, à la frontière entre l'Ouganda et la RDC, afin de les réunir avec leur famille.
The ICRC in Kampala has successfully handed over ten minor children to the ICRC delegation in the DRC at Bunagana point on the Uganda-DRC border for reunification with their families.
For many weeks now, Burundi has been in the grips of pre-election tensions that have already left many dead and wounded and forced thousands of people to leave the country. The ICRC is helping the victims of this violence and reminds all those responsible that human life and dignity must be respected at all times.
Depuis plusieurs semaines, le Burundi est en proie à des tensions pré-électorales qui ont déjà fait de nombreux morts et blessés et forcé des milliers de personnes à quitter le pays. Le CICR vient en aide aux victimes de ces violences et rappelle que la vie et la dignité humaine doivent être respectées en tout temps.
Lusaka, Zambia (ICRC) – Representatives from nine southern and central African countries are gathered in Lusaka for a two-day seminar, on 17 and 18 June; its aim is to promote adherence to the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) amongst members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and to enable them to share best practices for passing domestic legislation to implement its provisions.
The 2014 Annual report of the ICRC is an account of field activities conducted worldwide. Activities are part of the organization's mandate to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war, and to promote respect for international humanitarian law.
Facts and figures
26.2 million people had access to water and sanitation improved.
Read more on water and shelter.
9.12 million people were provided with basic aid such as food.
Read more on aid distribution.
Life behind bars, with limited access to adequate health care, is unbearable. But sometimes it takes as little as a solar panel to make a difference. In Uganda and elsewhere around the world, the ICRC endeavours to improve the conditions in which detainees are held.
The inmate, a stocky fellow in yellow shorts and a T-shirt, sits back in the patient's chair and smiles, talking to a medical worker on a routine check up.
Unaccompanied boys and girls are among the hundreds of thousands of people who have been fleeing continuing violence, from South Sudan into neighbouring Ethiopia, Uganda, Sudan and Kenya. The use of a "snapshot book" by the ICRC and local Red Cross Societies is helping both adults and children find missing relatives. Since the beginning of the year, about 120 matches have been made.
Humanitarian and development partners alike have shown commitment to doing things differently, investing in research to better understand how to manage risks rather than crises. But is this change enough to produce a substantially different outcome next time? And if not, what else needs to be done and how?
Kenyan journalist Charles Onyango-Obbo describes how humanitarian organizations should harness local community responses rather than setting up large, isolated camps for refugees and internally displaced people. He advises humanitarian organizations to improve their communication in order to mobilize support from communities and the public. "In conversation with" is a video series featuring diverse views on how to meet the humanitarian challenges of the 21st century. The views expressed do not necessarily represent those of the ICRC.
Annual Report for 2013: A strong response to complex crises
14-05-2014 News Release 14/81
Kampala/Geneva (ICRC) – On the occasion of World Tuberculosis Day, 24 March, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is calling attention to the fact that the contagious and potentially fatal disease is a major health problem in prisons. A project run by the organization in three jails in Uganda shows that tuberculosis can be fought successfully in detention facilities.
Geneva / Kinshasa / Kigali / Kampala (ICRC) – Fighting has once again broken out between government forces and armed group M23 in Rutshuru Territory, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, with major humanitarian consequences felt as far as Uganda
“In situations like this, there’s always a risk that rogue elements of the population, armed forces and armed groups will commit acts of revenge or retaliation,” said Alessandra Menegon, head of the ICRC delegation in the country. “We call on the authorities to do all they can to prevent this from happening.”
Communiqué de presse 13/184
Genève/Kinshasa/Kigali/Kampala (CICR) – La reprise des combats opposant les forces armées congolaises au groupe armé M23 dans le territoire du Rutshuru, dans l’est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC), a eu des conséquences humanitaires importantes ressenties jusqu’en Ouganda et au Rwanda.
Thousands of refugees are pouring into Uganda following a new eruption of violence in Kamango, DR Congo. Fresh from a visit with some of the refugees, Riccardo Conti, ICRC's head of delegation in Kampala describes our cooperation with the Ugandan Red Cross to quickly set up a transit camp and begin the work of trying to reunite unaccompanied children with their families.
A century and a half after the creation of the ICRC, humanitarianism is alive and well — but it faces great hurdles. Our story starts on two tracks: a historical timeline beginning just before the Movement’s founding; and an exploration of a current-day conflict. Also in this issue: Focus on Afghanistan; Movement history; Silent killers