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19 Jun 2017 description

Instability from Burundi’s political crisis continues to worsen with the numbers of refugees and displaced persons showing no signs of abating.

An upward surge in Burundian refugees in 2017 corresponds with a rise in conflict incidents, many of which have been initiated by the Imbonerakure—the ruling party’s youth militia. In June 2017, the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Burundi documented mass atrocities on a widespread scale “reinforced by hate speech, sometimes with an ethnic dimension, delivered by certain state officials and members of the ruling party.”

15 Aug 2016 description

Highlights

  • While Islamist extremism in East Africa is often associated with al Shabaab and Somalia, it has been expanding to varying degrees throughout the region.

  • Militant Islamist ideology has emerged only relatively recently in East Africa—imported from the Arab world—challenging long-established norms of tolerance.

22 Feb 2016 description

Uganda has just held its 5th presidential election since Yoweri Museveni came to power in 1986. During this time opposition parties have gained a growing share of seats in parliament. Yet, the 2016 electoral process has been marked by arrests of opposition candidates and charges of voting irregularities. To put these developments in context, six institutional factors stand out for their importance in shaping Uganda’s democratic trajectory.

1. The Changing Face of the Opposition

01 Oct 2013 description

POINTS SAILLANTS

  • Plus de 50 opérations de paix ont été déployées dans 18 pays d’Afrique depuis 2000.

  • Le « maintien de la paix en partenariat », qui implique une coopération entre divers acteurs et institutions multilatérales et bilatérales, est devenu de plus en plus commun.

  • Les efforts de génération des forces devraient porter sur le déploiement des capacités requises en vue de la réalisation des objectifs de la mission et pas seulement sur le nombre de soldats de la paix.

23 Jul 2013 description

Highlights

  • Over 50 peace operations have been deployed to 18 African countries since 2000.

  • “Partnership peacekeeping,” which involves collaboration between various multilateral and bilateral actors and institutions, has become increasingly common.

  • Force generation efforts should focus on deploying the capabilities needed to realize mission objectives and not solely on numbers of peacekeepers.

19 Mar 2013 description

Par Prosper Nzekani Zena

Points Saillants

  • Malgré des succès louables, quelques initiatives de désarmement, de démobilisation et de réintégration (DDR) incomplètes ou mal conçues ont été les facteurs clés du phénomène fréquent de la reprise des conflits en Afrique.

  • La réintégration est la composante la plus complexe et la plus critique du DDR, mais celle à laquelle est accordée néanmoins la priorité la plus basse.

15 Jan 2013 description

By Prosper Nzekani Zena

  • Notwithstanding laudable successes, incomplete or poorly conceived disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) initiatives have been key factors to high rates of conflict relapse in Africa.

  • Reintegration is the most complex and critical yet least prioritized facet of DDR.

  • The decision to integrate former militias into the national army is typically a political expediency that impedes military professionalism and increases the likelihood of human rights abuses and instability.

29 Aug 2012 description

POINTS SAILLANTS

  • La persistance des conflits dans la région des Grands lacs en Afrique est liée à l’enchevêtrement de la complexité de la politique régionale, des intérêts financiers, de la polarisation ethnique, et d’une gouvernance inefficace et illégitime.

  • Les précédents accords de paix ont contribué de manière significative à la stabilité. Leur réussite a cependant été seulement partielle parce qu’ils n’ont pas tenu compte de toutes les causes du conflit.

11 Jul 2012 description
  • Conflict in Africa’s Great Lakes region persists because of a complex mixture of regional politics, financial incentives, ethnic polarization, and weak and illegitimate governance.

  • Previous peace agreements have made important contributions to stability but have only been partly successful because they have not addressed some key conflict drivers.