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Le Conseil de paix et de sécurité (CPS) de l'Union africaine (UA), lors de sa 685ème réunion tenue à Addis-Abeba, le 12 mai 2017, a examiné le renouvellement du mandat de l'Initiative de coopération régionale pour l'élimination de l'Armée de Résistance du Seigneur (ICR- LRA) et a adopté la décision qui suit :
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 685th meeting held in Addis Ababa on 12 May 2017, considered the renewal of the mandate of the Regional Cooperation Initiative for the Elimination of the Lord’s Resistance Army (RCI-LRA) and adopted the following decision:
(Nairobi) – Des militaires ougandais déployés en République centrafricaine ont sexuellement exploité ou abusé d’au moins 16 femmes et filles depuis 2015, notamment en commettant au moins un viol, et ont intimidé certaines de leurs victimes pour qu’elles gardent le silence, a déclaré Human Rights Watch aujourd’hui.
Investigations, Redress Urgently Needed
Since founding the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in northern Uganda in the late 1980s, Joseph Kony’s control over the group’s command structure has been remarkably durable. Despite having no formal military training, he has motivated and ruled LRA members with a mixture of harsh discipline, incentives, and clever manipulation. When necessary, he has demoted or executed dozens of commanders that he perceived as threats to his power.
LRA Violence Against Civilians
Attacks, killings, and abductions committed against civilians by the LRA, with additional options to view violence against civilians by unidentified armed groups and other non-state armed groups in LRA-affected areas.
Major LRA Attacks
Attacks in which an LRA group killed at least five people and/or abducted at least 10 civilians.
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) forces abducted 25 civilians in 10 attacks in November, with a significant majority of abductions occurring in eastern Central African Republic (CAR). A series of clashes involving ex-Séléka factions in and near Bria, CAR, left at least 14 civilians dead in late November. Armed groups continued to be active in northern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), particularly along the border with South Sudan's Western Equatoria state.
Low levels of LRA violence consistent with previous years
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) forces abducted 44 civilians in eight attacks in October, among the lowest monthly totals recorded in 2016. Five of these attacks and nearly all of the abductions were likely committed by the LRA splinter group led by Achaye Doctor, which has been operating independently of Joseph Kony's command since late 2014.
Achaye splinter group targets communities in southeast CAR
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) forces abducted 94 civilians in 38 attacks in Quarter 3 2016 (Q3 2016), covering the months of July–September 2016. Q3 levels of abductions and attacks were significantly lower than those in Q1 and Q2. Within Q3, September was the most violent month of LRA activity, with nearly double the number of abductions (61) as July and August combined (33).
In early 2015, former LRA commander and International Criminal Court (ICC)-indictee Dominic Ongwen surrendered to security forces in the Central African Republic (CAR) and was later transferred to the custody of the ICC to await trial in The Hague, where he remains now that trial proceedings have begun.
Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) leader Joseph Kony has proven capable of outmaneuvering internal rivals and external military threats for nearly three decades, but his once firm control over the group’s command structure is eroding. LRA groups are scattered across a vast territory, and Ugandan fighters are defecting at a slow but steady rate, demoralized by Kony’s harsh disciplinary measures and lack of vision for the future. At least one group of LRA officers led by Achaye Doctor has splintered and is operating independently of Kony’s command.
Mise à Jour
The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) was responsible for 13 attacks on civilians in May 2016 in which they abducted 25 people, the second-lowest monthly total so far in 2016. There were eight LRA attacks in northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), concentrated near Garamba National Park. The five LRA attacks in eastern Central African Republic (CAR) in May 2016 targeted civilians on or near communities along the Bangassou-Obo axis.
LRA continues to target civilians near DRC’s Garamba National Park
The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) was responsible for 296 civilian abductions during Quarter 1 2016 (Q1 2016), covering the months of January–March 2016. The 296 abductions, the most by the LRA in a single quarter since Quarter 3 2010, highlighted a significant surge in LRA violence. 14 longterm abductees escaped from the LRA in Q1 2016, including three adult male Ugandan fighters.
Senior LRA leaders reportedly order child abductions in eastern CAR
LES FAITS SAILLANTS
Montant des besoins humanitaires: 531 millions de dollars.
La foire agricole de Bozoum donne aux agriculteurs la possibilité de vendre leurs produits tout en apprenant de nouvelles compétences.
Le transport aérien est essentiel pour l'acheminement de l'aide en raison des contraintes de sécurité et de logistique.
Des centaines de familles sont touchées par des incendies sur les sites de déplacés.
Ceci est un résumé des déclarations du porte-parole du HCR Leo Dobbs – à qui toute citation peut être attribuée – lors de la conférence de presse du 11 mars 2016 au Palais des Nations à Genève.
Les combats dans des zones auparavant pacifiques de l'Etat de l'Ouest-Equateur au Soudan du Sud continuent de forcer des milliers de personnes à fuir vers la République démocratique du Congo (RDC), l'Ouganda et même l'instable République centrafricaine, a alerté le HCR vendredi.
GENEVA, March 11 (UNHCR) – Fighting in previously peaceful areas of South Sudan's Western Equatoria state continues to force thousands of people to flee into the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda and even the volatile Central African Republic, UNHCR warned on Friday.
The UN Refugee Agency aims to gain access next week to an estimated 7,000 South Sudanese refugees living in desperate conditions in Bambouti, which is located in a difficult to reach area in the easternmost part of Central African Republic, or CAR.
+Hausse de la violence par la LRA dans l’est de la RCA en 2016, y compris l’enlèvement de dizaine d’enfants
+Les attaques et les enlèvements de la LRA persistent au Congo, motivés par le braconnage des éléphants
+Malgré des défections de haut profils, moins de combattants de la LRA s’échappent ses dernières années
+Des signes que la structure de commande de la LRA se fragmente
En 2015, les forces de l’Armée de Résistance du Seigneur (LRA) étaient actives en République Centrafricaine (RCA), dans la République Démocratique du Congo (Congo/RDC), au Soudan du Sud, et dans l’enclave disputée de Kafia Kingi à la frontière entre le Soudan et le Soudan du Sud. La LRA a enlevé 612 personnes dans 203 attaques en 2015, une légère diminution par rapport à 2014, bien que le nombre d’enlèvements était plus élevé qu’ils ne l’étaient en 2012 ou 2013.