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Note any prior assessments (eg IRNA) and attach to this report
If no prior assessment has been done. summarise information gathered through questionnaire at Annex 1
There was IRNA conducted in feb-17 lead by UNOCHA but it didn’t capture the current new caseload and the aim of this reassessment was detailed to carry out in-depth verification exercise to investigate the alleged new caseload that started arriving after registration of the old caseload that happened in April this year.
This paper explores whether a systematic approach to screening for experiences of violence (sexual, physical and psychological) is possible in a range of humanitarian settings (just arrived and longer-term, rural and urban) and, if so, what kinds of levels of disclosure are found, what are some of the factors influencing disclosure positively and negatively, and what might be the cost of addressing the most urgent needs.
1 RESEARCH SUMMARY
In support of the return and recovery effort of formerly war affected populations, ACF implemented a cash-based intervention in Otuke District of Northern Uganda. This programme assisted internally displaced people (IDPs) with the return home and reestablishing their livelihoods. Vulnerable households received unconditional cash grants through bank accounts and training to support their long-term food security and livelihood (FSL) recovery and capacity.
• The majority of the refugees rely on food assistance for their livelihood. In total, 58% are not participating in any economic activity while 24% are engaged in farming activities by renting out land from the host communities. Meanwhile, 75% of the host communities depend on agricultural production as their primary economic activity, and 10% are involved in petty trade. Most people lack access to capital to expand businesses.
Upon analyzing a variety of indicators, it is recommended that cash pilots first be introduced in the districts of Moroto, Amudat and Kotido, followed by other districts.
Key markets in Karamoja:
There are 47 functional markets across Karamoja, 85% of these being primary markets. Amudat, Kaabong and Kotido have only primary markets;
The proportion of households with food stocks has continued to decrease, with only 1.2 percent in May, a decrease from 9 percent in March 2017.
34 percent of the households had acceptable FCS, indicating a significant decrease by 26% since March 2017. Abim (20) and Nakapiripirit (19) had the highest mean rCSI, implying households are increasingly stressed in meeting their food needs due to reduced food stocks.
Background to the Baseline Assessment
Yumbe District (Bidibidi settlement) hosts about 272,2061 refugees from South Sudan. The influx of refugees to Bidibidi settlement in Yumbe District began in August 2016 due to increased conflict, scarcity of food, and financial instability caused by hyperinflation in South Sudan.
Only 9 percent of the households reportedly had food stocks in March 2017, a decrease from 15 percent in January;
The proportion of households with acceptable FCS increased from 55 percent in January 2017 to 60 percent in March;
Since September 2016, the reduced coping strategy index (rCSI) is relatively stable, currently at 18. However, in Napak (31), households are highly coping compared to other districts;
The IPC is a set of protocols (tools and procedures) to classify the severity of food insecurity and provide actionable knowledge for decision support. The IPC consolidates wide-ranging evidence on food-insecure people to provide core answers to the following questions: How severe is the situation? Where are areas that are food insecure? How many people are food insecure? Who are the food-insecure people in terms of socioeconomic characteristics? Why are the people food insecure?
The proportion of households with food stocks increased by 12% since November 2016;
55 percent of the overall households had acceptable FCS, showing a negligible increase from 53% in November 2016;
Compared to November 2016, there was a significant increase in debt prevalence by 17%. Kaabong (81%) observed the highest increase;
Average retail prices for maize and sorghum were high in December 2016 by 24% and 14% respectively. This was mainly in Moroto, Nakapiripirit and Kaabong;
The Survive & Thrive Global Development Alliance (GDA) is a public-private partnership established by the US Agency for International Development with pediatric, obstetric, and midwifery professional associations, the private sector and civil society to improve the quality of facility-based maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) services in focus countries.
In November, only 3% of the overall households had food stocks compared to 8% in September due to delayed harvests.
There was an increase in the number of households with acceptable FCS from 49% in September to more than half (53%) in November.
Since July, debt prevalence rates in Karamoja have been going down with 27% reduction observed in November compared to September.
1.1 Food security situation
Overall food security classification shows that half of the population in Karamoja (50%) is food insecure, of which 12% were found to be severely food insecure. While these findings suggest a marginal increase in food insecurity at regional (Karamoja) level since June 2015, there were marked district level variations:
Significant deterioration in Kaabong, Kotido, Napak & Abim districts;
Marked improvement in Moroto & Nakapiripirit districts;
Although 8% of households had food stocks in September, at least there is an improvement compared to 4% in July;
Debt prevalence is still high at 61% with Napak having the highest at 89%. The main reason for debt was to buy food (40%), pay for school/ education costs (17%) and to cover health expenses (16%);
There is a continuous deterioration in the food security situation in Karamoja, only 4% of the households reported having food stocks compared to 14% in May. None in Kaabong and Kotido reported having food stocks;
There was a 58% increase in the number of Children admitted to supplementary feeding centers since May 2016. A total of 14,153 were admitted in June 2016;
Markets were cited as a main source of food stocks with 47%, 18% reported WFP/Partner food distributions as a main source of food stocks;
The current epidemic of yellow fever, an acute viral haemorrhagic vector-borne disease, which has seen outbreaks in Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda, highlights the risk of infection for unvaccinated travellers. There is also a risk of further international spread through introduction of the virus into areas with a competent vector and susceptible populations.
The food security situation in Karamoja has continued to deteriorate since the mVAM baseline in March 2016 with only 14% reporting food stocks that could last for five days on average.
Humanitarian assistance and markets are the main source of food.
Increased number of households with debt (62%) of which the majority (47%) used it to buy food.
Increased number of admissions (moderately malnourished) into the Supplementary Feeding Programme.