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31 Dec 2008 description

Summary

Incentives and sanctions are used by external actors to try to stop armed conflicts in the short term. But are they effective in promoting peace? This research by Conciliation Resources argues that these instruments are often not used as part of a broader strategy aimed at resolving conflict. They are often a confused mix of coercion and assistance, which neither force nor encourage the conflict parties towards a negotiated settlement.

31 Dec 2008 description
report Refugee Law Project

INTRODUCTION

On October 15, 2007 the Government of Uganda (GoU) launched the Peace, Recovery and Development Plan (PRDP) to help greater Northern Uganda transition from war to peace. Although the PRDP is a relatively new policy, enough time has now passed to assess key challenges that are emerging. This report assesses PRDP implementation since the official launch over one year ago.

31 Dec 2008 description
report Refugee Law Project

INTRODUCTION

Since the late 1990s, as the search for solutions to protracted conflict has deepened, the potential role of traditional justice in responding to the situation in Northern Uganda has been increasingly researched and discussed. The roots of traditional practices lie in principles and mechanisms used in pre-colonial communities to ensure the maintenance of a just society.

31 Dec 2008 description

REDUCING AVOIDABLE LOSS OF LIFE AND THE DISEASE BURDEN DUE TO EMERGENCIES IN UGANDA

Background

The General Context in Uganda

Uganda is making good progress in its drive towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) targets; HIV sero prevalence rates have stabilized at 6.4% (although the rate of new infections are said to be on the increase), there is better awareness about HIV and improved access to ART in the country and modest improvements have been made in Infant, under 5 and maternal Mortality rates.

31 Dec 2008 description

Executive Summary

In response to the dramatic rise of global food prices since 2007, WFP has been providing funding and technical support to WFP staff and partners to assess the impact of higher prices and structural vulnerabilities and a growing and 'new face of hunger'.

31 Dec 2008 description
report Uganda Red Cross

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The Uganda Red Cross has been implementing the Development assistance for refugee hosting areas, (DAR) in the branches/districts of Hoima, Masindi, Nebbi and Arua, DAR (health and care) programme are implemented based on the strategic framework and current activities of URCS as well as the society's specific role vis-à-vis Government of Uganda. Most people still lack the basic necessities for life, they are impoverished by lack of economic activities; physically weakened by HIV/AIDS and many cannot provide for their nutrition needs.

31 Dec 2008 description

Vulnérables et victimes - Kabare après la tourmente.

<<Ca ne pourrait être qu'une joie ! Je sauterais même au dessus de la maison ». Comme pour Rugusha Badesire Emmanuel, tel est l'espoir que pourrait représenter le nouveau projet lancé par le HCR Sud-Kivu. Il s'agit d'un projet d'appui à la construction d'un abri pour 400 familles retournées dans le territoire de Kabare.

31 Dec 2008 description

Les principales activités du HCR Burundi

1. Le rapatriement et la réintégration des réfugiés burundais.

2. Protection et assistance de 28 143* réfugiés et demandeurs d'asile, dont 17 086* Congolais installés dans les camps de Gihinga (Mwaro), de Gasorwe (Muyinga) et de Musasa (Ngozi), et 230* Rwandais dans le camp de Giharo (Rutana).

31 Dec 2008 description

UNHCR Burundi main operational activities

1. Repatriation and reintegration of Burundian refugees.

2. Assistance and protection of 28,143* refugees and asylum seekers, including 17,086* Congolese living in Gihinga (Mwaro), Gasorwe (Muyinga), Musasa (Ngozi) refugee camps, and 230* Rwandans living in Giharo (Rutana) refugee camp. UNHCR Burundi provides protection and some assistance to as many as 10,825* urban refugees and asylum seekers, of which approximately 99 % are Congolese (DRC).

* Provisional figure under revision.

31 Dec 2008 description

Executive Summary

The Northern region, which is identified by official statistics as trailing behind the central, western and eastern regions in terms of poverty reduction, has experienced multiple and severe shocks including drought, civil war lasting for over 10 years and loss of cattle to Karamojong raids. The signing of a peace agreement between the Government of Uganda (GOU) and the Resistance Army (LRA) and initial implementation of terms bears hope for Northern Uganda. It is in this context that the 2008/09 Cluster Plan of Action (PoA) for Northern Uganda has been developed.

31 Dec 2008 description

I. HIGHLIGHTS

- JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS AGAINST LRA LAUNCHED BY UGANDA, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF

THE CONGO AND SOUTH SUDAN

- HEPATITIS E EPIDEMIC IN NORTHERN UGANDA WANING, BUT ONCHOCERCIASIS BECOMING A

MAJOR PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERN

- GENERAL FOOD DISTRIBUTION RESUMES IN NORTH KARAMOJA, SAVE IN KAABONG DISTRICT

II. SECURITY AND ACCESS

Security

The situation in northern Uganda remained stable and secure during the reporting period.

31 Dec 2008 description

Summary Findings

- The total number of Internally Displaced People in the CEA region is 9.1 million in December 2008.

31 Dec 2008 description
report IRIN

KINSHASA, 31 décembre 2008 (IRIN) - Des dizaines de milliers de civils ont fui leurs villages dans le nord-est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC) à la suite d'attaques qui ont fait 189 morts et auraient été menées par l'Armée de résistance du Seigneur, un mouvement rebelle ougandais, selon le Bureau des Nations Unies pour la coordination des affaires humanitaires (OCHA).

« Toute la population de Faradje [à 80 kilomètres de la frontière soudanaise], soit quelque 30 000 personnes, est partie.

31 Dec 2008 description

This price watch bulletin covers the quarterly period from September to November 2008. The objective of the bulletin is to provide early warning information on price changes of staple food commodities and their likely impact on the cost of the food basket. Price changes are determined for each country on a quarterly basis.

Highlights:

- Prices still remain significantly higher compared to last year and long term averages, especially in Eastern and Southern Africa, Asia and Middle East.

30 Dec 2008 description

Following the attacks of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels on civilian populations in many territories of Haut Uele district in northeastern DRC since 25 December last, the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) has declared that it is now taking steps to both protect and assist civilians in the area.

"Pursuant to its mandate, MONUC will do everything in its power to continue to protect civilians, notably by bringing substantial support to the DRC Armed Forces (FARDC)," said MONUC in a press release published on Tuesday.

In this regard, …

30 Dec 2008 description
report Oxford Analytica

EVENT: Negotiations for a ceasefire in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo are due to resume in Nairobi on January 7.

SIGNIFICANCE: The first round of talks in early December failed to break the deadlock between the government and the representatives of rebel General Laurent Nkunda. The conflict has regional dimensions, in particular drawing in Rwandan involvement.

ANALYSIS: The Nairobi conference is the latest in a series of diplomatic initiatives to restore peace to the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).