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06 Apr 2018 description

Six years after the fall of Muammar Gadhafi, Libya remains in a chaotic state. The United Nations-backed government struggles to exert control over territory held by rival factions, intensifying geographical and political divisions between the East, West, and South. Terrorist groups and armed militias exploit the turmoil, using the nation as a base for radicalization and organized crime, and pose a threat to the region and beyond.


25 Jun 2016 description

Published: June 24, 2016
By: Sherine N. El Taraboulsi

Cross-border transactions have been shaping the Libyan civil and political landscape for decades. However, desk research and field interviews in Tunisia reveal that interventions for peacebuilding are not fully accounting for these transactions or other regional activities. This brief argues that supporting local and regional actors in working toward a unified vision for Libya requires factoring in cross-border, civil society exchanges and the tensions that affect them.


11 Sep 2013 description

An expert dialogue on women in transition countries brought together 14 women leaders from Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, and Tunisia to work together and identify issues specific to each country and determine common problems. USIP’s Steven Steiner summarizes their recommendations on how to overcome the challenges.


• Ongoing dialogues and forums on nations in transition reinforce the commonality of challenges related to women’s rights and roles in society, especially leadership in government.

28 Jun 2013 description

Published: June 28, 2013. By: Sahar F. Aziz.

In this peace brief, author Sahar F. Aziz argues that the biggest challenge for women in Arab Spring countries is trans­forming their leadership and influence into high-level governance positions, both elected and appointed.


•The biggest challenge facing women in Arab Spring countries is transforming their leadership and attendant influence during the revolutions into high-level governance positions, both elected and appointed, after the revolutions.

19 Dec 2012 description

December 2012 | Peace Brief by Robin Wright and Garrett Nada

Summary - The Middle East faces even bigger challenges in 2013 than it did during the first two years of the so-called Arab Spring. So far—a pivotal caveat—the Arab uprisings have deepened the political divide, worsened economic woes and produced greater insecurity. Solutions are not imminent either.

10 Jul 2012 description

Peaceworks by Sean Aday, Henry Farrell, Marc Lynch, John Sides, and Deen Freelon


An extraordinary wave of popular protest swept the Arab world in 2011. Massive popular mobilization brought down long-ruling leaders in Tunisia and Egypt, helped spark bloody struggles in Bahrain, Libya, Syria, and Yemen, and fundamentally reshaped the nature of politics in the region.

New media—at least that which uses bit.ly linkages—did not appear to play a significant role in either in-country collective action or regional diffusion during this period.

28 Mar 2012 description


  • In the year since its revolution, Tunisia has achieved what no other Arab Spring country has managed: peaceful transition to democratic rule through national elections widely viewed to be free and fair.

  • The legacy of the previous regime remains, however: a complete lack of transparency, no real parliamentary or government oversight, and unchanged rules of engagement and training.

  • Reorienting the mandate and institutional culture of security institutions is imperative.

07 Feb 2012 description

Bob Perito, director of USIP's Security Sector Governance Center of Innovation, recently returned from Tunisia and Libya, where he met with police, military and government officials to examine the current status of the security sector in each country.

Why is Security Sector Reform (SSR) important in North African countries impacted by the Arab Spring?

28 Oct 2011 description

For Immediate Release, October 21, 2011 Contact: Allison Sturma, 202-429-4725

(Washington) – Since the outbreak of the revolutions taking place in the Middle East and North Africa, USIP has been assisting key stakeholders and local populations through the difficult transitions. Manal Omar, director of Iraq, Iran, and North Africa pograms, has been leading USIP’s operational efforts in this region. Currently, the Institute is focusing on Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia.

04 Apr 2011 description

On the Issues by Colette Rausch

April 5, 2011

USIP's Colette Rausch discusses the challenges to justice and security in countries undergoing transformations amid recent protests in the Middle East and North Africa.

What can we expect to see in the short term by way of justice and security challenges in Egypt, Tunisia and countries in transition from the recent upheaval in the Middle East and North Africa?