- Tunisia: Forest Fires - Aug 2017
- Europe/Northern Africa: Cold Wave - Jan 2012
- Tunisia: Flash Floods - Sep 2009
- Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic - Apr 2009
- Tunisia: Flash Floods - Oct 2007
- North Africa: Floods - Apr 2007
- Locusts - Aug 2004
- Tunisia: Floods - Jan 2003
- Tunisia: Floods - Jan 1990
- Tunisia: Floods - Oct 1986
Protracted complex emergencies and natural disasters, including drought, earthquakes, floods, and wildfires, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided assistance in response to a range of disasters, including floods, wildfires, winter emergencies, and complex crises.
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation deteriorated along the Red Sea coast in the central outbreak region during November. Aerial and ground operations treated swarms and groups of adults and hoppers on close to 83,000 ha in Sudan during this month. A few adult locusts were detected on the Gulf of Aden & the Red Sea coastal plains in Yemen the last week of November. No locusts were reported in Ethiopia, Oman or Somalia and no reports were received from Eritrea or Saudi Arabia during this period (DLCO-EA, DLMCC/Yemen, LCC/Oman, PPD/Sudan).
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation remained calm in September in summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region. Only a few adults and hoppers were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad. A similar situation may be present in northern Mali where surveys were not possible.
Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia remained calm during this month.
The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained calm in winter, spring and summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region in August and only low density adults were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad, and a similar situation is highly likely in northern Mali where the ongoing security situation continuous undermining survey operations. No locusts were reported in Algeria, Libya, Morocco or Tunisia during this month.
The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation remained calm along the Red Sea coasts during April.
Several swarms migrated from northwestern Somalia to eastern Ethiopia where aerial and ground control treated 2,585 ha from 8-30 April. An unconfirmed report of hoppers in Aysha, eastern Ethiopia suggested breeding has begun in those areas (DLCO-EA).
Natural disasters, including drought, earthquakes, floods, and wildfires, as well as ongoing complex emergencies and limited government capacity in the region, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). Between FY 2004 and FY 2013, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided assistance in response to a range of disasters, including floods, wildfires, winter emergencies, and complex crises.
On July 28 and 29, a U.N. interagency mission assessed humanitarian conditions in the Nafusah Mountains and found that internally displaced persons (IDPs) and third-country nationals (TCNs) residing in Zintan, Jadu, and Kabau towns report the need for emergency relief commodities, particularly kitchen sets, mattresses, and hygiene kits, according to the U.N. Relief agencies, including partners of USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA), have begun planning additional distributions of relief supplies in the Nafusah Mountains.
KEY DEVELOPMENTS On July 24, the U.N. completed a week-long interagency mission to Tripoli and nearby towns. Mission staff found that fuel and cash shortages remained the key humanitarian priorities in the Libyan capital, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). The mission observed reduced availability of cash—the result of withdrawal limits implemented by Libyan banks in response to customers’ large withdrawals at the beginning of the conflict—and rising prices for basic food commodities available in Tripoli markets.
Desert Locust (SGR) infestations declined during June in the primary breeding and outbreak areas in the Sahel, North Africa and Red Sea coasts due to control operations and unfavorable ecological conditions.
Opposition forces in the Nafusah Mountains had gained control of a pipeline supplying the Zawiyah refinery with crude oil from an oil field in southern Libya as of June 21, according to international media reports. The situation will likely exacerbate fuel shortages in Tripoli in the coming days, as the Zawiyah refinery is an important source of gasoline for the capital city.
Early this week, a representative from USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives (USAID/OTI) traveled from Benghazi to London to work with the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID)-led International Stabilization Response Team in analyzing the results of approximately three weeks of recent assessments in eastern Libya.
· On June 1, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Secretary-General announced that NATO will extend its mission in Libya for an additional 90 days. Without the extension, the NATO mission would have expired on June 27, 2011. According to NATO’s deputy spokeswoman, the decision to extend was reached during a recent meeting of ambassadors from 28 NATO member countries, as well as ambassadors from five non-NATO member countries participating in the Libya campaign—Jordan, Qatar, Sweden, Morocco, and the United Arab Emirates.