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21 Feb 2018 description


Uganda and Togo are countries with many differences yet common challenges. Partially due to changing demographics, the impacts of floods and droughts have increased over the years, destroying livelihoods, infrastructure, and increasing the risk of disease outbreaks. Disasters have a disproportionate impact on the poor and most vulnerable.

The problem

03 Oct 2017 description
report Start Network

This document is designed to make it easier for agencies to raise Start Fund anticipatory alerts for disease outbreaks, or to submit Start Fund project proposals when an alert has been activated.

The Start Fund Crisis Anticipation Window enables members to begin responding before a crisis turns into a disaster. Acting in anticipation of humanitarian crises is new for many agencies. It can be difficult to decide when to trigger an anticipatory alert through the Start Fund and what activities are the most effective.

18 Aug 2015 description


The outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa is unprecedented in its scale, severity, and complexity. More than 23,200 people have been infected by 15 February 2015, resulting in over 9,300 deaths. Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone are still affected by this outbreak, and are struggling to control the epidemic against a backdrop of extreme poverty, weak health systems and social customs that make breaking human-to-human transmission difficult.

29 Jan 2015 description
report UN Children's Fund

The worst outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in history continues to ravage communities in West Africa. UNICEF estimates that 9.8 million children and young people under the age of 20 live in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia; countries where disease transmission is widespread and intense. Of these, 2.9 million are under the age of 5. UNICEF estimates that up to 10,000 children have lost one or both parents or caregivers due to Ebola.

01 Jan 2015 description

This chapter provides a summary of the general environment in which UNHCR is operating in Africa and the organization’s planned responses in 2015. Mention is made of the two major emergency situations in the Central African Republic and South Sudan which have affected operations in many neighbouring countries and will continue to have a significant impact on UNHCR’s work in 2015 and beyond.

12 Dec 2014 description
report UN Children's Fund

To boost fight against Ebola and strengthen community-based services for the future, UNICEF raises appeal to US$500 million

NEW YORK/GENEVA, 12 December 2014 – UNICEF today announced an expanded fight against the Ebola virus in West Africa over the next six months, costing a total of US$500 million – of which just 24 per cent ($125.7 million) has been secured.

01 Dec 2014 description


Working environment

UNHCR’s operations in West Africa have been characterized by: the evolving situation in Mali, including its impact on internal and external displacement of populations (into Burkina Faso, Niger and Mauritania); the continuation of voluntary repatriation of Ivorian refugees; and the invocation of the “cessation clauses” for Liberian and Rwandan refugees. Recent military and political developments inside Mali will have an impact on the initial assumptions on which the Office’s 2014 planning was based.

03 Feb 2014 description


Strategic objectives

  • Track and analyse risk and vulnerability, integrating findings into humanitarian and development programming.
  • Support vulnerable populations to better cope with shocks by responding earlier to warning signals, by reducing post-crisis recovery times and by building capacity of national actors.
  • Deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies.

Priority actions

25 Jan 2012 description
  1. Executive Summary

Six months after the post-election crisis, the security and socio-political situation has gradually improved in most parts of Côte d'Ivoire. This has enabled hundreds of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) and Ivorian refugees in countries of the region to return to their places of origin. However, security issues persist. They include armed attacks and abuse against civilians, as well as communal tensions particularly in the west and south-west.

15 Dec 2011 description
  1. Résumé

Six mois après la crise post-électorale, la situation sécuritaire et socio-politique s’est progressivement améliorée dans la majeure partie de la Côte d’Ivoire, permettant le retour à leurs lieux d’origine de plusieurs centaines de milliers de personnes déplacées internes et réfugiées dans les pays de la région.

26 Jul 2011 description

There has been significant improvement in the security situation in most parts of Côte d’Ivoire following the arrest of former President Laurent Gbagbo on 11 April and the swearing-in of President Alassane Ouattara. However, despite relative tranquillity, reports of violent attacks on civilians by militia remnants and inter-ethnic confrontations continue to be registered in the south-west along the border with Liberia.

20 Jul 2011 description


Humanitarian country teams in each crisis with a consolidated appeal (or comparable concerted action plan) have completed their mid-year reviews, compiling information on outputs to date compared to the targets stated in their plans for 2011, analyzing key humanitarian indicators and trends, re-calibrating their strategies and re-validating the detailed operational plans and funding requests. This document summarizes trends, innovations, and (in the second part) each country’s mid-year review.

20 Jul 2011 description

Communities in West Africa continue to be threatened by the compounded effects of climate change, natural disasters like floods and droughts, demographic change, epidemics, urbanization, acute and chronic malnutrition, chronic poverty, and by violent conflicts related to political, social and economic tensions.

30 Nov 2010 description

    West Africa's humanitarian situation remains of deep concern. The region continues to be marked by complex and severe humanitarian crises, often exceeding the populations' coping capacities and deepening their vulnerability. In 2010, the region was found to have the highest rates of under-five mortality in the world. About one-quarter of all global child deaths occur in West Africa.

30 Nov 2010 description


In 2011, tens of millions of people will need emergency aid to survive. Conflicts and natural disasters have cut them off from their homes, their livelihoods, and access to essentials like drinking water and health care. They already suffer or are imminently threatened by malnourishment, disease, or violence. Most are poor people who have few if any means to cope with these traumas.

14 Jul 2010 description


The people of West Africa remain confronted with a wide range of threats to livelihoods and protection, ranging from food insecurity to political volatility, bad governance, transnational criminal activities including human trafficking, chronic poverty, or the longer-term impacts of climate change. These trends affect the coping capacity of states, communities and families and, in some instances, present a rising challenge to humanitarian actors regarding the respect of humanitarian principles and human rights.

30 Nov 2009 description


Responding to humanitarian emergencies in West Africa is challenging due to the region's diverse crises. Each crisis is complex, severe and affects the population's coping capacities. At least 139 million people live in extreme poverty in West Africa. These people are particularly vulnerable to overall food insecurity, the effects of recurrent and regular natural disasters, and cyclical epidemics compounded by climate change and socio-political instabilities.

30 Nov 2009 description


The 2010 Humanitarian Appeal addresses twelve major humanitarian crises around the world. It presents a strategic, concerted action plan for each crisis, bringing together hundreds of aid organizations working together to deliver vital aid effectively and efficiently. It requires donors also to act together to ensure that these joint efforts receive the urgent funding needed to save lives, prevent irrecoverable harm, maintain dignity and restore self-reliance.

21 Jul 2009 description


Alongside some noticeable progress – notably the effort undertaken by stakeholders and states in the region to improve coordination through preparedness and contingency planning exercises and increases in national capacities to mitigate and respond to emergencies – the first six months of the year witnessed important humanitarian emergencies in the region.