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09 Jul 2015 description

More than ten years after first arriving in Chad, over 360,000 Sudanese refugees are now dealing with a new reality. In the face of dramatic food ration cuts, and after years of shrinking support from the international community, aid agencies are pushing these refugees to become self-sufficient and more deeply integrated with their Chadian hosts. With the global humanitarian system overstretched, a more sustainable and targeted assistance strategy for this population would seem reasonable. But the early stages of this transition have encountered serious problems.

07 Aug 2013 description

Les chocs récurrents liés au climat dans la région Ouest-Africaine du Sahel ont des impacts conséquents sur les populations vulnérables. De plus en plus, ceux qui n’ont pas les capacités de se nourrir ou de nourrir leurs familles n’ont d’autre option que de quitter leurs villages, en ayant recours à de nouvelles formes de migration auxquelles sont associés d’important risques en matière de protection.

01 Aug 2013 description

Policy recommendations

The United Nations: In each country where resiliency initiatives are being rolled out, the UN Resident Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator (RC/HC) should take the lead in coordinating the various resiliency initiatives. Based on the input of the UN country team, donors, regional bodies, and international financial institutions, s/he should develop one national-level resilience plan and coordination mechanism, in cooperation with the national government, to which donor initiatives can link.

Wed, 07/31/2013

29 Mar 2010 description

By Briana Orr

"What happens when you have overpopulation, over-consumption and lack of resources colliding and displacing millions of people from their homes?"

This is the central question driving the documentary "Climate Refugees," as summarized by director Michael Nash.

24 Feb 2010 description

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

When violent conflict breaks out, the United States and other United Nations member states often call for the deployment of UN peacekeeping forces to create stability and protect people from harm. The UN Security Council has explicitly instructed peacekeepers to protect civilians under "imminent threat of violence" in most UN peacekeeping mandates since 1999. But there is no clarity as to what "protection" means in practice. Which circumstances require action and what level of force should be used?

16 Feb 2010 description

Washington, DC -- The Government of Chad should allow the current UN peacekeeping mission, MINURCAT, to remain in Chad and Central African Republic with existing troop levels through 2010, said Refugees International today. Although Chadian President Idriss Déby recently announced that MINURCAT's mandate should not be renewed, RI urged the UN Security Council to work with the Government of Chad in order to renew the mandate.

18 Dec 2009 description

By Limnyuy Konglim

The conflicts in central and eastern Africa are so intertwined that I sometimes confuse myself when taking in my daily dose of displacement and humanitarian news. For example, this week, MINURCAT, the UN peacekeeping force in the Central African Republic (CAR) and Chad, deployed peacekeepers to a town in northeast CAR to protect Sudanese refugees from a Central African rebel group. Similarly Uganda's national army has been allowed to operate in the CAR, Sudan, and DRC in an effort to track down the Ugandan-bred Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebel group.

09 Oct 2009 description

Camilla Olson's blog

Since the creation of the Ken and Darcy Bacon Center for the Study of Climate Displacement, I've thought about how displacement caused by climate change fits with the long-term focus of Refugees International -- to advocate for solutions to displacement crises caused by conflicts.

For the past few years, the headlines have been full of stories of natural disasters -cyclones, tsunamis, earthquakes - brought on by climate change, that have uprooted thousands of people from there homes and caused major humanitarian crises.

02 Oct 2009 description

Violence. It comes in many forms. Some of the most brutal and damaging forms of violence are those that are committed against women. Rape, female genital mutilation, forced marriages, domestic violence, honor killings... the list is endless. These actions do not just hurt the women, or their families and communities, but global society at large. How long will we continue to accept the fact that at least one in every three women worldwide will have been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime?

Women have increasingly become the target of egregious acts of violence.

23 Sep 2009 description

Executive Summary

When former Secretary of State Dean Acheson wrote of "the Eclipse of the State Department" in a 1971 article for Foreign Affairs, he could not have been more prescient towards the position of the Department in 2009.

23 Sep 2009 description

The Obama administration is facing a critical juncture in American foreign policy. As U.S. civilian programs have been chronically underfunded and understaffed over the last several decades, there is growing consensus that our approach to global engagement is in dire need of repair. This concern has only grown stronger in the wake of ongoing U.S. military-led operations in Afghanistan and Iraq and widespread concerns about the reliance on and inappropriate use of U.S. military in non-combat activities abroad.

29 Jul 2009 description

Executive Summary

The brutal reality of modern day conflict and the recognition of an international responsibility to protect civilians in times of crisis has made peacekeeping more important - and more controversial - than ever. As the nature of peacekeeping has evolved, the recent European Union and United Nations peacekeeping forces in Chad and the Central African Republic illustrate key lessons on how to meet this challenge of peacekeeping and civilian protection. The U.S.

29 Jul 2009 description

Testimony of Ms. Erin A. Weir
Peacekeeping Advocate for Refugees International on the
"New Challenges for International Peacekeeping Operations"
House Foreign Affairs Committee

01 Jul 2009 description

This report analyzes the evolution of peacekeeping and civilian protection norms and provides an in-depth look into the peacekeeping missions in Chad to draw lessons from their challenges and successes. In addition, this report looks at what the U.S. can do to support the efforts and innovations of the UN and other peacekeeping bodies. The U.S. has a key role to play to gain greater international acceptance in the belief that we have a responsibility to protect people in times of crisis. But it also can do more to support real action that protects people from harm.

24 Jun 2009 description

Wed, 06/24/2009 - 01:00 When my colleague Erin Weir and I visited refugee camps in eastern Chad this past May, we heard repeated concerns of child recruitment by armed groups, including both rebel groups and the Chadian National forces.

22 Jun 2009 description

In the world of refugees and internally displaced people, host communities tend to be nearly invisible. They are the backdrop to the core drama of refugee protection, part of the scenery. Or perhaps a source of cheap labor for the manual and clerical tasks that undergird camp operations.

On the occasion of World Refugee Day, however, let's attempt to put host communities on center stage where they belong.

Tensions between refugees and host communities are inevitable.

13 Mar 2009 description

Am Nabak is a fine place for camels. It is rocky and dry, and getting drier. The water table can't support the current population of a few camels and around 17,000 refugees from the war in Darfur, so water is brought in overland by truck. The camp is situated scant 25 kilometers from the Darfur border. This is too close to the war zone by United Nations standards; it was only supposed to be a transit camp through which refugees passed on their way to more permanent and secure camps.

15 Jan 2009 description

Policy recommendations

- The U.S. and France should use their influence to pressure the parties to translate into action the provisions of the June 2008 peace accord and the resolutions of the December inclusive political dialogue.

- The U.S.