Appeals & Response Plans
- Chad: Measles Outbreak - May 2018
- Chad: Cholera Outbreak - Aug 2017
- Chad: Hepatitis E Outbreak - Sep 2016
- Nigeria: Polio Outbreak - Aug 2016
- Chad: Floods - Aug 2012
- West/Central Africa: Meningitis Outbreak - Jan 2012
- Sahel Crisis: 2011-2017
- Chad: Polio Outbreak - Jun 2011
- Chad: Cholera/Measles/Meningitis Outbreak - Mar 2011
- Chad: Cholera Outbreak - Aug 2010
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- West and Central Africa: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (4 – 10 December 2018)
- Tchad: Monitoring de Protection, Région du Lac Tchad - octobre 2018
- Tchad : Présence physique des partenaires (Qui a un bureau où) - Décembre 2018
- Tchad : Aperçu de la situation humanitaire (novembre 2018)
- The children of the Lake Chad Crisis
Horn of Africa Drought
Much of the Horn of Africa continuous to face the largest humanitarian crisis in the world today, in terms of scale and and severity, with more than 13 million people being severely affected and still in urgent need of humanitarian aid: in Somalia (4 million), Kenya (4.3 million), Ethiopia (4.8 million) and Djibouti (about 200 000)(OCHA, 11/12/11).
This issue covers the period from November 2010 to May 2011. Its special focus is on climate change and climate variability and how these affect food and nutrition security and aggravate the problems of hunger and undernutrition. This edition aims to provide some basic understanding of the ways that climate change exacerbates humanitarian crises and to contribute to the debate about how to face this challenge.
Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons - In the past year, the movement of people within their country, and from one country or even continent to another has continued to rise. According to UNHCR (06/10) there were over 43 million forcibly displaced people worldwide at the end of 2009, which is the highest number since the mid-1990s.
Impact of Food Prices Rises On Malnutrition and Food Security
- International food and oil prices soared until further in 2008 and translated in varying degrees into higher domestic food prices causing food riots in over 30 countries. Even though food prices are falling on the global markets, surveillance showed that local prices have continued to increase or have remained at their inflated level in a number of vulnerable countries.
Ethiopia - High levels of food insecurity persist
The 2008 meher harvest was inadequate in several regions, leaving 12.4 million people in need of food or cash assistance. Furthermore, the planting of this year's Belg crop has been delayed due to insufficient rains fueling fears of a second failed harvest. The situation is especially worrisome in the regions of SNNPR, Oromia, Tigray and Afar, where the Belg harvest provides for the majority of household food needs.
Ethiopia- Failure of the last seasonal rains
The failure of the last seasonal rains has affected cereal and root crops as welll as livestock conditions. As a result, the number of emergency beneficiaries has increased from an estimated 2.2 million in April to 4.6 million in June 2008. The most affected areas are in SNNPR, Oromya ans Somalia regions. Deteriorating situations have also been reported in Afar and Amhara regions. Although the rains have recently improved and humanitarian interventions have been put in place, the emergency has not yet fully beem addressed.
Somalia - Situation still precarious in Somali region
Despite record 2007 meher harvest in many parts of the country, nearly 9 million people are still expected to require food or cash assistance in 2008. Eight million of those are being targeted by the GoE's Productive Safety Net Program, an assistance program for chronically food insecure people. The food security situation in the Somali region continues to be critical.
Ethiopia - Worsening situation in Somali region
The situation has been causing concern in part of Somali region since the intensification in counter-insurgency operations in April 2007. Since June, a strict control on border crossing with Somalia has also been established. These have resulted in a decrease in livestock and livestock product sales, on which people from Somali region rely heavily to procure cereals and other imported items.
Somalia-Hundreds of thousands of displaced face dire conditions- Fighting between the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), backed by the Ethiopian troops, and anti-TFG factions increased in Mogadishu in March and April, and was reported to be the worst wave of violence in the city for 16 years. An estimated 395,000 people, representing about one third of the town's population, have fled the city and concentrated mostly in Shabelle, Galgadud, Hiran, Mudug and Bay regions.
Ethiopia - Food security improvement - A bumper 2006/2007 meher season has been forecast with an estimated cereal and pulse production of 20.1 million tonnes. This is about 50% above the average of previous five years. The number of people in need of emergency assistance in 2007 is, therefore, lower than in recent years and is estimated at 1.36 million, compared to 2.6 in 2006.
Floods in the Horn of Africa-High vulnerability of populations-Major floods have recently hit parts of Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia. Estimated numbers of the affected populations are changing rapidly because assessments are still on-going, and new flooding is still occurring.
The major impacts of the floods are the destruction of assets, shelter and infrastructure including roads, contamination of water, destruction of farmlands and deaths of animals. This leads to a disrupted food supply, increase food insecurity, and risk to disease for both humans and animals.
Alarming situation in Somali region and Zone 2 and 4 of Afar region
Nutrition surveys conducted early this year confirmed the serious situation in parts of the pastoral areas (table 1). This is partly due to the poor last deyr rainy season (see NICS 8). Under-five mortality rates were also high in most of the areas surveyed.
Djibouti-Drought alert-The last three rainy seasons were poor and this was compounded by the migration of pastoralists from Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea in search of pasture and resulted in the deterioration of the food security situation.
Kenya - Serious nutrition situation in Turkana district - Contrary to expectations before the onset of the short rainy season, rains were poor in the marginal agricultural districts in Eastern, Coast and Central provinces, which has led to maize crop failure. In some districts of these provinces, the nutrition situation was not critical as of October 2004 but the poor last rainy season may worsen the situation.
Eritrea-Critical nutrition situation
The lingering effects of the war with Ethiopia and the 2002 drought have had a significant impact on households' food security and nutritional status in a country where the general situation was already poor. The future of the food security situation is bleak, partly because of the recent failure of rains.
The National Nutrition Surveillance System, a collaborative inter-agency group set up by the Ministry of Health conducted a second round of nutrition surveys in Northern Red Sea, Gash Barka, Debub and Anseba in mid-2004.
Kenya - Drought emergency declared in 26 districts -The president of Kenya declared the current drought a "national disaster" and appealed for relief food assistance. Early cessation of rains in May has led to the wilting of crops and insufficient replenishment of pastures. Twenty-six of the 71 districts of Kenya are affected and 1.8 million people are considered in need of food aid.
Ethiopia - Dire situation of IDPs in Somali region -The nutrition and food security situation has improved in most parts of Ethiopia compared to 2002 and 2003. This may be attributed to better weather conditions and to the humanitarian aid which have probably mitigated the situation. Whilst in some areas, the nutrition situation seems under-control, it is still average to precarious in most parts of Ethiopia. The Somali region is especially at risk, due to poor rainfall and the presence of IDPs.