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18 Dec 2018 description

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 58 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

Lassa fever in Benin Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Yellow fever in Nigeria Measles in Madagascar.

For each of these events, a brief description, followed by public health measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.

18 Dec 2018 description
report Insecurity Insight

Threats and incidents of violence against educational facilities, teachers and students

AFRICA

Burkina Faso

12 November 2018: In Toulfé village, Loroum province, four armed men on motorcycles stormed into the General Education College, where they threatened and lashed teachers before ordering them to leave the school premises. This incident created panic within the facility and beyond, forcing surrounding primary schools to shut down. Source: Aouaga

17 Dec 2018 description

Malgré les bonnes productions, l’insécurité civile persistante maintien de nombreuses zones en insécurité alimentaire

Key Messages

17 Dec 2018 description

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

VIOLENCE AGAINST AID WORKERS PERSISTS

Twenty-one incidents against aid workers were recorded in November. They included robberies, threats, physical assault and abduction. Across the country, 363 violent incidents against humanitarian organizations were reported between January and November, and more than 25 aid groups were forced to suspend operations due to armed attacks and insecurity. Two-thirds of the incidents were robberies, breaks-in, lootings and carjacking.

CHAD

17 Dec 2018 description

The Global risk analysis outlines 18 contexts where a significant deterioration is expected to occur within the next six to nine months, leading to a spike in humanitarian needs.

ACAPS analysts conduct daily monitoring and independent analysis of more than 150 countries to support evidence-based decision-making in the humanitarian sector.

The knowledge acquired in this process enables analysts to develop a solid understanding of crisis dynamics and identify trends as well as potential risks, which enabled the selection of these 18 contexts:

17 Dec 2018 description

Regional Flow Monitoring Network

124 FMPs are currently active in three countries in the region.

As of the last report (July and August 2018) IOM identified at least 669,176 migrants currently in Libya. Migrants were identified in 100 municipalities, within 554 communities originating from more than 41 countries [primarily from Niger (19%), Egypt (14%) and Chad (14%)]. Information on current migration flows was collected through 1,897 assessments. Migrants were primarily located in Tripoli (22%), Misrata (12%) and Ejdabia (10%).

17 Dec 2018 description

Regional Flow Monitoring Network

30 FMPs and nine mobile FMPs are currently operational in seven countries.

In Burkina Faso, data was collected from five FMPs during the month of October 2018. An average of 1,117 individuals were observed crossing Flow Monitoring Points daily - a slight decrease of three per cent from the September figures.

17 Dec 2018 description

In Numbers

4 provinces mainly affected (North West, South West,
Littoral and West)

4 million people affected

1.3 million people in need of assistance

Highlights

• In November 2018, 21,748 people (10,439 men, 11,309 women) from the North West and South West (NW/SW) regions residing in the Littoral region received food assistance.

17 Dec 2018 description
  • Seuls les projets soumis en ligne sur OPS (« module projet » de l’outil HPC), avant le 11 novembre, 2018 à minuit, seront examinés pour validation.

  • Les projets validés répondront aux objectifs stratégiques, la cible, les zones d’interventions, les activités et les indicateurs tels que définis dans le cadre sectoriel du cluster protection. En soumettant leurs projets, les partenaires doivent assurer que les champs sont correctement renseignés.

17 Dec 2018 description

Context: The crisis currently affecting the Lake Chad Basin states results from a complex combination of factors, including conflict with NonState Armed Groups, extreme poverty, underdevelopment and a changing climate, which together have triggered significant displacement of populations. As of 30 November 2018, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria were hosting an estimated 4,539,578 affected individuals made up of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), Refugees (both in- and out-of-camp), Returnees (Former IDPs and Returnees from abroad) and Third Country Nationals (TCNs).

17 Dec 2018 description
report Sudan Tribune

December 14, 2018 (KHARTOUM) - The government of North Darfur State said 244 refugees have returned to Tina locality from Chad.

The semi-official Sudan Media Center quoted the commissioner of Tina locality Al-Sadig Ibrahim Shargo as saying the tripartite agreement on the return of refugees is being implemented smoothly.

He pointed out that the implementation of the agreement doesn’t face any obstacles, saying 89 households including 244 refugees have recently returned to his locality from Chad.

16 Dec 2018 description
report World Bank

Report: Disrupting the Gender Divide in Mali, Chad, Niger, and Guinea

15 Dec 2018 description

Faits saillants

• Des attaques d’un groupe armé continuent d’affecter régulièrement les villages dans les zones frontalières, notamment dans les environs de KaigaKindjiria et Ngouboua. L’accès humanitaire y reste limité.

• De nouveaux déplacements de population ont été signalés dans la province à la suite des incidents sécuritaires ainsi qu’en raison d’un sentiment d’insécurité persistant parmi les populations vivant dans les zones frontalières avec le Niger et le Nigéria.

14 Dec 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

• Heavy seasonal rains and flooding affect more than 222,000 people across Sudan

• Reported chikungunya cases decrease; response efforts continue

• Relief actors support 182,000 vulnerable people in Abyei

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

14 Dec 2018 description

Résumé

La situation sécuritaire dans la Province du Lac pourrait sembler se dégrader depuis le mois de septembre si nous ne faisions pas référence aux situations des années précédentes à la même période.

Les attaques de prédations dans la zone du Lac Tchad sont récurrentes de septembre à décembre voire janvier. De ce fait il y a un impact significatif sur la protection des civils ainsi que sur les activités des humanitaires sur le terrain.

14 Dec 2018 description
report Plan International

La crise dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad est dans sa dixième année et demeure une des urgences humanitaires les plus graves au monde, continuant d'affecter le Nord-Est du Nigeria, la Région de l'Extrême Nord du Cameroun, la Région du Lac au Tchad et la Région de Diffa au Niger. 17 millions de personnes vivent dans les zones touchées a travers les quatre pays et plus de 2.5 millions de personnes restent déplacées. La résurgence de l'insécurité et des hostilités aggrave la situation humanitaire, avec de sérieuses implications sur les opérations et la protection des civils.

14 Dec 2018 description
report Plan International

The Lake Chad Basin Crisis is in its tenth year and remains one of the largest humanitarian emergencies in the world, continuing to affect the North-East of Nigeria, the Far North Region of Cameroon, the Lac Region of Chad and the Diffa Region in Niger. Around 17 Million people live in the affected areas across the four countries. More than 2.5 million people remain displaced. The increase in insecurity and hostilities is worsening the humanitarian situation, with serious implications on operations and the protection of civilians.