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01 Apr 2003 description
report Caritas

Iraq Humanitarian Response
Submitted by: Hanno Schaefer

General Situation/Overview

The heavy bombardment of Baghdad is continuing. According to the UN, power supplies to the whole western side of Baghdad have been down since Friday, 28 March. ICRC is working to ensure that water treatment plants are served by backup generators.

01 Apr 2003 description



Humanitarian conditions have deteriorated in Iraq since the 1990 invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent Government of Iraq (GOI) manipulation of international sanctions. In 1996, the GOI accepted the U.N. Oil-for-Food Program (OFF), after which humanitarian conditions improved.

Between 1991 and 1996, the U.S. Government provided nearly $794 million in humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons (IDPs) in northern Iraq.

31 Mar 2003 description

SYRIA - Sudanese Workers Fleeing Iraq Arrive at Abu Kamal. A group of 119 mostly Sudanese migrant workers fleeing Iraq arrived at the Abu Kamal border crossing this morning.

31 Mar 2003 description

AMMAN, Jordan, March 31 (UNHCR) - While few Iraqis have actually fled their country so far, an increasing number of Iraqi nationals in Syria have been approaching the UN refugee agency for temporary protection since the start of the war in Iraq. Meanwhile, UNHCR in Jordan has received humanitarian aid from Tokyo to prepare for a possible Iraqi refugee outflow in the region.

31 Mar 2003 description

No significant refugee arrivals in neighboring countries

31 Mar 2003 description

Food Security: High prices of food commodities in northern Iraq together with insufficient household food stocks will soon have an impact on food security for the most vulnerable. The local authorities (LAs) in Erbil governorate criticised the UN through the media for not completing food distributions.

Humanitarian Situation: ICRC reports that telephone connections to Iraq are deteriorating thus exacerbating the difficulty in gathering reliable information regarding the humanitarian situation.

31 Mar 2003 description

On Monday, March 31st, 2003, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr. Andreas Loverdos, announced the finance of humanitarian action in Iraq and its neighboring countries amounting to 3 million EUROS. This announcement came after the decision of the Hellenic Aid's NGO's Programs' Evaluation and Approval Committee.

The humanitarian action can be broken down as follows (NGOs names-relevant activities):

1. Hellenic Red Cross

Urgent humanitarian aid to Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Turkey


30 Mar 2003 description

Food supplies: Household food stocks in centre/south will be finished by 20 April, while stocks in the north will be depleted earlier.

Water: shortages reported in Basrah, Ninewa, Kerbala, Thi-Qar and Wassit governorates. Further power cuts will affect the water systems and therefore water quality. No reports of water-borne disease outbreaks.

28 Mar 2003 description

The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in 178 countries. For more information: www.ifrc.org
Launched on 20 March 2003 for CHF 111,039,000 (USD 79,776,929 or EUR 75,481,631) for nine months for 305,000 beneficiaries.
Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) Allocated: CHF 75,000 in the pre-positioning phase
Beneficiaries: 305,000

28 Mar 2003 description

Middle East Emergency Preparedness MEEP-21
March 28, 2003

Information provided by ACT Regional Coordinator, Eszter Németh: ACT Regional Coordination Office: Amman: Jordan

Overview of situation

Reports indicate that due to the heavy bombardment of Baghdad, damage to private buildings is growing. It is also reported that the electricity and telecommunications sustained damage on Thursday, March 27, due to the continued assault on the Iraqi capital.

28 Mar 2003 description

Situation in the three northern governorates

Tensions are high in Sulaymaniyah region due to the presence and activity of Ansar al Islam. The PUK evacuated the civilians out of the area in anticipation of a potential confrontation. Apart from schools and some local authorities departments, all other social services are functioning normally.

Health situation

28 Mar 2003 description
report World Vision

World Vision sending relief items from five countries to help refugees

28 Mar 2003 description

Catholic Relief Services is providing food, medicine and support to the people of Iraq. The agency's Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa, Christine Tucker stated that today more than ever CRS is providing this aid with a "heavy heart".

28 Mar 2003 description

Key Developments

  • World Food Programme expect most families to have sufficient food reserves to last until April / May. There are few reports of substantial population movements giving rise to humanitarian concern. The most pressing humanitarian issue is the maintenance of water supplies, particularly in areas where it has been disrupted.