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More than 400,000 people across the region have been affected by floods and cyclones in 2018.
There is a 65-70 per cent probability of an El Niño event between December and February, as compared with a 90 per cent probability ahead of the same period in 2015 - 2016.
People in two districts in Madagascar and three in Zimbabwe are facing Emergency food insecurity.
A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
A plague outbreak in Madagascar raised concern in neighbouring countries. As of 12 October 2017, a total 684 cases (suspected, probable and confirmed) including 57 deaths (CFR 8.3%) had been reported from 35 out of 114 districts. Of these, 474 were clinically classified as pneumonic plague.
On 16 October 2017, Madagascar Ministry of Health (MoH) reported that caseload that was at 805 (confirmed and suspected) with 74 deaths.
Cyclical drought, food insecurity, cyclones, floods, disease outbreaks, and complex emergencies present significant challenges to vulnerable populations throughout the Southern Africa region. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a range of natural and man-made disasters.
On Monday 16 October 2017 the Council adopted the EU Annual Report on Human Rights And Democracy in the World in 2016.
2016 was a challenging year for human rights and democracy, with a shrinking space for civil society and complex humanitarian and political crises emerging. In this context, the European Union showed leadership and remained strongly committed to promote and protect human rights and democracy across the world.
• Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2016, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
Cyclical drought, food insecurity, cyclones, floods, disease outbreaks, and complex emergencies present significant challenges to vulnerable populations throughout the Southern Africa region. Between FY 2007 and FY 2016, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a diverse range of natural and manmade disasters.
Abnormal rainfall patterns during 2014/2015 have contributed to a spike in food insecurity, which is currently affecting at least 27.4 m people regionally (and this excludes Angola, which has yet to publish official figures; and Madagascar, which did not present to SADC, but where 1.9 m people are food insecure, of which 460,000 people are severely so). In Malawi and Zimbabwe, 2.8 m and 1.5 m people are food insecure respectively.
An estimated 383,261 people were affected by floods or storms and at least 117 people lost their lives during the 2013/2014 rainfall season.
Tropical Cyclone Hellen, which impacted Mozambique, Comoros and Madagascar in late March, was one of the most powerful cyclones ever recorded in the Mozambique Channel.
In Zimbabwe, the more than 15,625 people evacuated remain in dire living conditions.
Summary: CHF 106,551 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 7 February 2013, to support the Red Cross Society of Seychelles (RCSS) in delivering assistance to some 600 families (3,000 beneficiaries) and for replenishment of relief items distributed immediately following the disaster.
An estimated 518,000 people across southern Africa were affected by floods and storms during the 2012/2013 rainfall season.
The most affected country was Mozambique, where 250,000 people received humanitarian assistance.
Due in part to the sub-optimal temporal distribution of rainfall, most countries may have below average rainfall-related crop performance this season.
DREF operation n° MDRSC002
Period covered by this update:
7 February to 4 May 2013
CHF 106,551 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on to support the Red Cross Society of Seychelles for a period of three months in delivering assistance to some 3,000 beneficiaries. Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.
This report covers the period 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012
27/03/2013 - Heavy rains have pounded Southern African countries resulting in widespread flooding, destruction of property, and loss of lives. The floods took place in the midst of the lean season, in a situation of acute food insecurity affecting millions of people through the region. In Mozambique, the worst hit country, more than 250,000 people, mostly women and children, are affected by the crisis with about 190,000 temporary displaced since January 2013. Malawi, Botswana, Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe have also been affected by the floods.
A storm system has formed in the Mozambique Channel, which could bring heavy rains to much of Mozambique and Madagascar. This system could increase the magnitude of the current flood situation.
Cholera has broken out in Cabo Delgado Province in northern Mozambique, with 317 cases and 2 deaths recorded to date.
Partners are supporting the Government of Malawi in providing assistance to the estimated 33,000 people displaced by floods.
Since October 2012, floods in Mozambique have killed a total of 97 people, of which 69 people have been killed since the major flooding began in January 2013.
In total, an estimated 213,000 people have been affected by floods in Mozambique since October 2012, the majority having been affected since January 2013. The total number temporarily displaced people in the most affected province, Gaza, is around 140,000.
CHF 106,551 has been allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Seychelles Red Cross Society (SRCS) in delivering immediate assistance to some 3,000 beneficiaries. Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.
Summary: On 27 and 28 January 2013, the Seychelles main island of Mahe was devastated by the Tropical depression Feleng and the island La Digue was severely affected.
Tropical Cyclone Felleng, which is passing down the eastern coast of Madagascar, has caused much rainfall since 30 January, but fortunately less than initially feared. So far no reports of significant damage have been received, although the water levels in some areas require vigilant monitoring.
Mozambique is now responding to floods in the north, central and south of the country, which has temporarily displaced an estimated 169,000 people.
Tropical Cyclone Felleng continues to move south, parallel to the eastern coast of Madagascar. Heavy rainfall and strong winds are being reported in affected areas.
New floods in northern and central Mozambique have killed 7 people and temporarily displaced 19,000, bringing the national death toll to at least 55 people with 169,000 people temporarily displaced.
Floods in Seychelles have caused an estimated US$ 9.27 million in damages, with 400 households affected.
Heavy rains continue to fall over northern Mozambique, causing floods in some areas and affecting at least 510 people.
Parts of northern and central Madagascar are also recording heavy rainfall from the same low pressure system located in the Mozambique Channel.
At least 48 people have died in severe floods in southern Mozambique. Some 250,000 people have been affected, of which 146,000 people are still being housed in temporary shelters.
Tropical Cyclone “Felleng” is heading towards the eastern coast of Madagascar. While not expected to make landfall, significant rainfall may still occur; partners are requested to remain on alert.