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This briefing aims to provide a brief overview of NAP experiences in African developing countries, highlighting emerging issues, challenges and opportunities.
Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have begun to integrate adaptation into national development plans and climate change policies.
Almost all the focus countries considered in this regional briefing have initiated the process to formulate and implement the NAP.
All I/NDCs in the countries in focus include an adaptation component.
Nairobi, 12 August 2014 – Investment in climate change adaptation can help ensure that the impacts of climate change - including a projected 20 – 50 per cent decline in water availability – do not reverse decades of development progress in Africa, according to a new report released today by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
The Seychelles island group was struck by a series of powerful tidal surges, resulting from the tsunami, generated by the earthquake off Indonesia on 26 December 2004. As a direct consequence of these tidal surges two people lost their lives, and hundreds of families suffered damage to their homes and livelihoods. The effects of the tsunami were compounded by exceptionally heavy rainfall on 29 December, causing flooding, landslides, and tree/rock falls.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
New Report Makes Recommendations on How to Reduce Vulnerability to Future Coastal Hazards
1.1. UNEP Asian Tsunami Task Force
On 28 December 2004, the UNEP Asian Tsunami Disaster Task Force was established by the UNEP Executive Director, Dr. Klaus Töpfer. The Task Force is supporting the national authorities and the UN family in assessing and addressing the environmental impacts from the disaster, providing environmental expertise and in mobilizing and coordinating international efforts in the environmental sector.
At around 7.58 am local time on 26 December 2004 an undersea earthquake, with a magnitude of 9 on the Richter scale, occurred some 250 kilometers off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.
It triggered a devastating tidal wave or "tsunami" measuring around 10 meters high and traveling at 500 km/hour. It hit several countries in the Indian Ocean, including: Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, Myanmar, Bangladesh, the Maldives, the Seychelles, Yemen, Somalia, Kenya and Tanzania.
The UNEP situation report no. 1, dated 1 January 2005, outlined the activities that UNEP is currently undertaking, in cooperation with the UN family, to respond to the South Asian Disaster. UNEP situation report no. 2 outlines the current requests and activities that are being undertaken at the national level to address the environmental concerns and assess the impacts.