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Ce rapport d’activité fait la synthèse des activités du Résultat 5, connu également sous le nom de l’initiative de financement des risques de catastrophes en Afrique, appelée « ADRF » (Africa Disaster Risk Financing) ou « l’Initiative ADRF », entre le 1er juillet 2016 et le 30 juin 2017. Ce rapport donne un aperçu des activités accomplies jusqu’à cette date, tout en relevant les priorités et les enjeux à venir.
This activity report summarizes activities of Result Area 5, also known as the Africa Disaster Risk Financing (ADRF) Initiative—referred to as the “ADRF Initiative,” the “Initiative” or “R5”—from July 1, 2016 to June 30, 2017. The report gives an overview of the achievements to date and identifies upcoming priorities and challenges.
Usually the first questions after a disaster are “How many people are affected?” and “What’s the damage?” We want to know the hard numbers on how many people were affected and the potential impact on the economy – difficult information to ascertain in the chaotic aftermath of a disaster. Understanding the situation on the ground takes coordination, data, and time – exactly what you’re often missing during a disaster. Using catastrophe risk models before a disaster occurs can improve coordination, provide critical data, and be done without time constraints.
This analysis suggests that:
The average annual direct losses from earthquakes, floods and tropical cyclones are nearly $2.8 million.
The 100-year return period loss from all perils is $18 million, or over 1% of Seychelles 2015 GDP.
The 250-year return period loss from all perils could be $21 million.
As we write this, Africa is suffering from the strongest El Niño it has faced in decades, causing major floods and droughts throughout Africa, leading to rising economic losses and major impacts on the lives and livelihoods of millions across the continent. Countries across the continent are declaring states of emergency, and are calling on the international community for support.
RESULTS & ACHIEVEMENTS
• With funding support from the World Bank and others, the Government of Seychelles developed short, medium, and long-term disaster-resilient development initiatives which are expected to benefit 87,000 people and rehabilitate 500km of roadways.
WASHINGTON, September 26, 2014 - The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors today approved US$7 million in financing to Seychelles to help the country better cope with extreme natural events such as floods, mud slides, or tsunamis, which have wreaked havoc on the island nation in the past. Seychelles is the first African country to partner with the World Bank on this innovative disaster risk initiative.
One of the first priorities in the reconstruction of countries devastated by December's tsunami will be "quick-action" solutions to put money into the pockets of those people left without a source of income.
Alastair McKechnie, the World Bank's coordinator in the reconstruction process, says the next three months should also see some restoration of public services in many of the affected countries.
While he cautioned the process would vary from country to country, McKechnie predicted the next few months would see some medical and health services restored as well as …
1. The tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean is one of the worst natural disasters in modern times. Well over 200,000 people died and more than 1.5 million people lost their homes and often their livelihoods. Losses are estimated to total more than US$7 billion. Private assets, including housing and business equipment, account for the largest share of the losses. In the largest countries, the impact on GDP is likely to be minimal, but the damage in the affected areas is extreme. As reported below, poor people were disproportionately affected.