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Tropical Cyclone FANTALA formed over the south-western Indian Ocean on 11 April. It then moved west, intensifying. It passed near Farquhar Atoll (Seychelles) on 17 April at 6.00 UTC with max. sustained wind speed of 241 km/h and on 19 April at 18.00 UTC with max. sustained wind speed of 157 km/h, causing widespread damage. On 21 April at 6.00 UTC its centre was located approx. 230 km southwest of the Agalega islands (Mauritius) and 640 km northeast of Madagascar and it had max. sustained wind speed of 167 km/h.
Tropical Storm “Felleng”’s proximity to Seychelles on the week of the 27th January brought with it heavy rain causing severe flooding in five districts: Anse Aux Pins, Au Cap and Pointe Larue which were declared “disaster zones” and Cascade and La Digue island which were also significantly affected. Hundreds of households were affected, dozens of families were displaced, infrastructure was damaged beyond repair and many farms were destroyed.
By Michael Flint and Hugh Goyder
By John Telford and John Cosgrave
Contributing author: Rachel Houghton
The Seychelles island group was struck by a series of powerful tidal surges, resulting from the tsunami, generated by the earthquake off Indonesia on 26 December 2004. As a direct consequence of these tidal surges two people lost their lives, and hundreds of families suffered damage to their homes and livelihoods. The effects of the tsunami were compounded by exceptionally heavy rainfall on 29 December, causing flooding, landslides, and tree/rock falls.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The magnitude 9.0 earthquake and associated tidal waves that hit Indian Ocean countries on December 26, 2004 entail a natural disaster of tragic proportions. The estimated number of dead and missing is nearing 300,000, and roughly 1½ million people have been displaced. The human cost of this disaster is clearly beyond measurement.
- Assessment of damages
More than 150 million fishers, fish farmers and their family members in Asia depend on fishing and aquaculture for their livelihoods. Many of these fishing and fish farming households have been severely affected by the recent tsunami and lost lives, houses and production assets. Also, African countries located on the Indian Ocean have been seriously affected.