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The SADC Region Food and Nutrition Security Strategy 2015-2025 emphasises that the regional food and nutrition security situation remains unstable and unpredictable.
Almost 16% of SADC’s rural population have been consistently designated food insecure over the past 5 years. This despite improved production in some Member States.
Malnutrition is the result of a complex set of interacting factors that are multi-sectoral, related to health, sanitation and care practices as well as consumption and access to food. Further influencing factors include education, gender, social equity, and the local social and environmental context. These causes of malnutrition are classified as immediate, underlying, and basic, whereby factors at one level influence other levels.
- 75% shortfall in rain in large parts of the region during January
- 14,732 cholera cases and 218 deaths reported since 2017
- 234,200 people affected by floods and cyclones in 2018
12 countries (Botswana, DRC, Lesotho, Mozambique, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Seychelles, Swaziland, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe) had finalised their annual vulnerability assessments by the time that the SADC Dissemination Forum was held. Malawi and Tanzania still had to complete their vulnerability assessments.
From October to December 2015, the entire region is expected to receive normal to below-normal rainfall. For the remainder of the season - December 2015 to March 2016 - the southern half of the region is expected to receive normal to below-normal rainfall, while the northern half is expected to receive normal to above-normal rainfall. Northern and central Madagascar is expected to receive above-normal rainfall, the great south is expected to receive normal to below-normal rainfall.
Over the past 10 years the SADC region has experienced 545 disaster events which affected approximately 39 million people and resulted in 5,300 deaths (EMDAT). The highest number of disaster events occurred in 2006/2007 and 2011, with fewer disaster events during the last 3 years. Droughts and floods affected the highest number of people. The largest number of people were affected in Malawi, Zimbabwe and Tanzania respectively, with the most people affected during 2005 and 2007.
Over the past 10 years the SADC region has experienced 545 disaster events which affected approximately 39 million people and resulted in 5,300 deaths (EMDAT). The highest number of disaster events occurred in 2006/2007 and 2011, with fewer disaster events during the last 3 years.
Droughts and floods affected the highest number of people. The largest number of people were affected in Malawi, Zimbabwe and Tanzania respectively, with the most people affected during 2005 and 2007.
The 2014/2015 Southern African rainfall season, which stretches from October to May , saw severe floods in the east of the region. The remainder of the region experienced poor rains that were late to arrive and irregular.
Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar were hit by multiple floods between December 2014 and April 2015 (accounting for 97% of all flood affected people) . A total of 10 tropical storm systems were monitored during the season, with tropical storms Chedza and Fundi affecting Madagascar in early 2015.
Overview 2013/14 Crop Production Season
Well distributed rains were received in most parts of the region facilitating good production in most countries
Late start of the season in north-eastern and some southern parts of the Region, including parts of Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe
During the 2013/2014 rainfall season (October 2013 - May 2014), severe weather events caused flooding in several Southern African countries, with almost all affected by some level of flooding. Nine tropical cyclones were recorded during the season, compared to the seasonal average of ten, of which three made landfall: Hellen, Amara and Deliwe. A total of 383,256 people were affected and 117 deaths reported. 195,000 USD was issued in the form of OCHA emergency cash grants to assist in response activities.
Southern Africa is prone to multiple, frequently repeating and compounding shocks, including drought, floods, cyclones, epidemics and crop pests. These shocks, occurring against a backdrop of poverty, have severe impacts on food and livelihood security, attested to by pervasive and extreme rates of chronic child malnutrition.
Since the beginning of a cholera outbreak in Mozambique in early January 2013, a total of 1,861 cases and 19 deaths have been recorded nationally as at 31 May 2013 (CFR=1%). The outbreak is considered over all provinces except Niassa, although zero cases have been reported there during the past few weeks.