Appeals & Response Plans
- South Sudan: Floods - Sep 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2016
- South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2015
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- South Sudan: Kala-azar Outbreak - Sep 2014
- South Sudan: Floods - Aug 2014
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - May 2014
- South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Sep 2013
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- A historic peace in Pibor, South Sudan, inspired youth to reconcile their differences
- South Sudan: UK aid agencies warn that peace will only hold if the voices of all South Sudanese are heard
- 'Anything that was breathing was killed': War crimes in Leer and Mayendit
- Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock: Opening and Closing Statements at the High-Level Humanitarian Event on South Sudan
- Civilians march with soldiers as Malakal unites in first-ever International Day of Peace walk
The Eastern and Southern Africa region continues to face multiple and more frequent humanitarian crises, including conflict and insecurity, economic shocks, climate change, natural hazards and disease outbreaks.1 More than 17 million people (45 per cent children) remain food insecure throughout the region.
The Ethiopian Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan for 2018, currently estimates that 7.9 million people need food and cash assistance, 6.86 million people need water,sanitation and hygiene support, 6 million are at risk of communicable diseases, an estimated 350,111 children require treatment for severe acute malnutrition, and 340,000 (estimated 90,000 children) vulnerable people require protection from gender based violence and exploitation. Ethiopia has the second largest number of refugees and asylum seekers in Africa, nearly 923,863.
Total people in need: 5.5 million
Total children (<18) in need: 2.6 million
Total people to be reached in 2018: 2.48 million
Total children to be reached in 2018: 1.13 million
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 54 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
In a high-security building in Kampala, Uganda, a man leads a group of sleuths investigating a potential killer. While they may go about their work with the meticulousness of police detectives, they are actually a different type of investigator. Professor Moses Joloba, Director of Uganda's Supranational Reference Laboratory, leads his team to pursue TB – the world’s leading killer among infectious diseases. The disease killed more than 1.6 million people around the world in 2017.
Summary of findings and recommendations
Adolescent Girls in Crisis is a research project informed by and centred upon the voices and experiences of girls in three of the world’s most troubled and volatile locations: South Sudan, the Lake Chad Basin and the Rohingya refugee camps in Bangladesh.
The research found that:
- Educational supplies and recreational kits for 1,250 children were provided to children and adolescents in South Sudanese Refugee settlement in Khartoum to respond to the educational needs.
- 13,700 children (5,480 boys, and 8,220 girls) from the flood-affected areas in Al-Nuhood locality in West Kordofan state received Psychological support services (PSS).
South Sudan continues to make progress on Ebola virus disease outbreak (EVD) preparedness through enhancing capacities for EVD case detection, investigation, response, and prevention.
This week, multiple engagements at different levels have continued to advocate, sensitize and mobilize stakeholders and communities to pull all efforts and resources together towards achieving this goal.
In Bentiu, Internews’ Humanitarian Information Service (HIS) implements a communicating with communities (CwC) program to increase information sharing. The program operates Kondial 97.2 FM, a humanitarian radio station inside the Bentiu PoC, conducting listening groups to gather community feedback. If you have information to be shared with the PoC or humanitarians, please contact: Humanitarian Project Manager Akiiki Tusiime (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Team Leader Pout Tuor (email@example.com).
The Wau PoC area adjacent to UNMISS was established in June 2016, following violence in and around Wau town, making it the most recently established PoC in South Sudan. In April 2017, an outbreak of violence resulted in a major influx, at which point IOM conducted an exercise to biometric register IDPs for food assistance, which recorded the population at 39,156. As of August 2018, the population now stands at 17,373.
The Wau collective sites were established in June 2016 following violent clashes in and around Wau town. Currently there are four Collective Centers, Cathedral, Nazareth, Lokoloko and St. Joseph. Since then the protection centres have been protecting thousands of people. A fifth collective site, ECS was established in February 2017 hosting IDPs mainly from Jur River following clashes in the area. In April 2017, all IDPs were evicted from ECS and the site closed, with some IDPs being moved to Masna, 7km south of Wau town.
• Since the signing of the peace agreement between the government and the opposition groups on 5 August in Khartoum, incidents of armed conflict have reduced significantly. However, the Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements Monitoring Mechanism (CTSAMM) has accused government and SPLA-iO pro-Machar forces of violating the Permanent Ceasefire, following reported clashes in Unity and Bringi on 19 and 21 August, respectively.
Ethiopia has a long standing history of hosting refugees. In 2004, a National Refugee Law was enacted based on the international and regional refugee conventions to which Ethiopia is a party. Currently, the country is host to some 905,800 refugees, the majority from South Sudan (46.6%), Somalia (28.4%), Eritrea (19.2%) and Sudan (4.9%). As conflicts are ongoing in neighbouring countries, refugees continue to enter Ethiopia on a daily basis, making it the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa.
WHITE NILE STATE
Drugs shortages persist for refugee camp clinics in White Nile State.
Flash flooding destroys refugee and host community homes in El Meiram, West Kordofan.
Inter-agency response plan for Khartoum’s ‘Open Areas’ launched in August.
• Heavy rains and flash floods have affected over 142,000 people across Sudan.
• About 170,000 vulnerable people in the Abyei Area need humanitarian assistance, UN agencies and partners report.
• Better procurement and supply chain management in Sudan is key to adequate health service delivery.
• Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) allocates $20 million to Sudan to bridge humanitarian financing gaps.
# people in need in Sudan (2018 HNO) 5.5 million
• Approximately 141,410 people were displaced in Somali region after conflict erupted on 4 August. The conflict led to the exodus of government personnel, leaving essential services significantly understaffed. This in turn created pressing and urgent humanitarian needs for children and women in the region.
• Through UNICEF support, 134,446 people in Gedeo-West Guji received essential and life-saving health care services and 30,579 children under 5 years were treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM).
There remain close to 208,000 registered refugees in the Dadaab camps, mostly of Somali orgin. With continued conflict, instability and drought, causing new displacement in Somalia and reduced humanitarian funding in Dadaab, there is a need to strengthen information on humanitarian needs and access to assistance and services in the camps. Since May 2017, REACH has worked with the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) on developing tools and methodologies for data collection in Dadaab refugee camps.