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21 Feb 2018 description

Could tackling climate change help bring peace to South Sudan?

By Adela Suliman

The world's youngest nation, South Sudan, has been embroiled in war and conflict for years.

The oil-rich nation - which won independence from Sudan in 2011 - descended into civil war in 2013, with tens of thousands of people killed and a third of the population forced to flee their homes.

20 Feb 2018 description

Situation update

• Since the last update (of 9 February 2018), no new suspect human RVF cases have been reported in Yirol East. However, two alerts were reported during the week, but the case-based details were not available at the time of writing this update.

• There are currently no suspect human cases on admission in Yirol East.

• Human RVF alerts in Eastern Lakes have continued on a steady decline in the last four weeks.

20 Feb 2018 description
  • Completeness for IDSR reporting is 69% at county level and 82% for the IDP sites.
  • A total of 15 alerts were reported, of which 40% have been verified. 0 alerts were risk assessed and 0 required a response.
  • Rift Valley Fever outbreak - Yirol East with 28 suspect human cases including 5 confirmed; 3 probable; 12 none-cases; and 8 pending classification. One confirmed animal case (cow).
  • Measles response completed in Cueibet where the reactive vaccination campaign administrative coverage was 58,842 (87%).
19 Feb 2018 description
  • The South and South-East of Ethiopia are affected by serious drought due to the fourth consecutive failed rainy season. The performance of the spring rains is expected to be below normal while agro-pastoralist and pastoralist households have already largely lost their livelihoods due to previous droughts. Several zones in the south of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' (SNNP), Oromia and Somali regions are considered to be in Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) phase 3 (crisis) or 4 (emergency).
16 Feb 2018 description

UK, US and Norway statement on Phase 2 of the High Level Revitalization Forum for South Sudan.

16 Feb 2018 description

PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2018

15 Feb 2018 description
  • Due to ongoing conflict in Ituri and the instability in North Kivu, two provinces in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the daily rate of arrivals in Uganda has drastically increased. In just three days, from 10 to 13 February 2018, 13 799 new refugee arrivals entered Uganda from the DRC.

14 Feb 2018 description

Context

Akobo town is located in the eastern side of Akobo County, Jonglei State, close to the land and river border crossings with Ethiopia. Akobo is a key point of trade and transit between South Sudan and Ethiopia.

13 Feb 2018 description

Livestock health plays a critical role in the food security and overall well-being of pastoralist communities in South Sudan. When cattle herds are healthy, pastoralists rely heavily on dairy foods to bolster household food stocks with meat and milk, selling any surplus for additional income to care for their families with basic necessities such as health care and clothes. Diseases reduce production of meat and milk, jeopardizing livelihoods for livestock dependent families and increasing vulnerability to food insecurity and malnutrition.

13 Feb 2018 description

Opened in July 2016, Pagirinya settlement hosts more than 32,000 refugees displaced from South Sudan. The humanitarian response across all sectors has now stabilized and is beginning to shift beyond emergency operations. The settlement’s organized, physical design facilitates access to important facilities, including health centers and schools. However, services in many sectors, such as health and nutrition and water, health and sanitation, must be improved to meet the needs of the population.

Gaps & Challenges

13 Feb 2018 description

Originally closed in 2006 after many South Sudanese refugees returned home, Olua I/II was reopened in 2012 to host another influx of South Sudanese refugees fleeing inter-communal violence. Settlement residents, similarly to other refugees in Adjumani district, live in close proximity to Ugandan nationals and share services and institutions with the host community. Although there is relatively peaceful coexistence between communities, refugees face challenging conditions and need more extensive assistance relating to livelihoods opportunities and education in particular.

13 Feb 2018 description

After opening in January 2014, Nyumanzi has become the largest refugee settlement in Adjumani district in terms of population size. Despite their relatively recent arrival, residents are already well-established and a strong community has emerged in which refugee households actively collaborate with each other to share resources. Although many refugees are resilient, gaps in critical sectors, such as education and water, health and santitation, persist and undermine refugees’ ability to cope with their displacement.

Gaps & Challenges

13 Feb 2018 description

Baratuku, initially established in 1991, has hosted successive waves of South Sudanese refugees since the Second Sudanese War. The settlement’s current population is comprised of some South Sudanese refugees from the 1990s, who were not able to return home, and recent arrivals who have fled the country since 2013. Humanitarian organizations have begun to shift from emergency response to stabilization.

13 Feb 2018 description

Mungula I/II has consistently hosted South Sudanese refugees since it was first established in 1996. As a result, there are close linkages between settlement residents and the neighbouring host community. While implementing and operational partners initially provided critical support during the South Sudanese refugee emergency, a strategy for empowering local organizations to carry on activities in the medium and long-term response is essential.

12 Feb 2018 description

Latest Evidence

Here is a selection of the latest evidence on violence against women and girls (VAWG):

ADOLESCENCE AND VAWG

Preventing VAWG victimisation in adolescent girls (November 2017)

09 Feb 2018 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Annual lean season begins early across South Sudan

  • GoRSS declares end of cholera outbreak

  • Clashes continue despite cessation of hostilities agreement

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

09 Feb 2018 description

SITUATION

  • Despite modest improvements in vegetation conditions from the October-toDecember rains, dry conditions persist across pastoral and marginal agricultural areas of Kenya. Many households are currently experiencing Stressed (IPC 2) levels of acute food insecurity, while Crisis (IPC 3) levels of acute food insecurity continue in parts of Isiolo and Tana River counties due to a lack of food and income opportunities. The Government of Kenya is expected to release a seasonal assessment at the end of February, indicating 2018 relief needs.