Appeals & Response Plans
- South Sudan: Rift Valley Fever Outbreak - Dec 2017
- South Sudan: Floods - Sep 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2016
- South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2015
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- South Sudan: Kala-azar Outbreak - Sep 2014
- South Sudan: Floods - Aug 2014
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - May 2014
Maps & Infographics
Most read (last 30 days)
- Report of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan (A/HRC/37/71)
- Hungry for Peace: Exploring the Links Between Conflict and Hunger in South Sudan (February 2018)
- Nearly two-thirds of the population in South Sudan at risk of rising hunger
- A ‘silent killer’, maternal and neonatal tetanus, is causing deaths of mothers and newborns across South Sudan
- Humanitarian Coordinator calls for urgent action to avert worsening food crisis in South Sudan
Intercommunal violence between Lendu and Hema communities since December has internally displaced over 100,000 people and led to a severe humanitarian crisis. In a conflict where civilians are being directly targeted, protection of the affected population is a major concern. Thousands of houses have been burned down and livelihood activities, including agriculture, have been disrupted, resulting in significant needs for shelter and food assistance.
Anticipated scope and scale
Food security remains a major humanitarian concern in 2018 in multiple contexts. In this report, ACAPS highlights five of the worst affected countries, where large populations are food insecure, and where households and areas are either already in Catastrophe or Famine levels of food insecurity (IPC Phase 5), or are at risk of deteriorating into this situation.
There are 3.3 million IDP returnees in Iraq compared with 2.4 million IDPs. Health, protection and shelter needs are the key humanitarian concerns facing these population groups.
The security and humanitarian situation in Kinshasa province continues to deteriorate. On 21 January anti-Kabila demonstrations in the capital resulted in 6 deaths, 65 injured, and some 250 people were arrested.
Cholera cases continue to rise in the province following heavy rainfall since early January: 346 cases and 11 deaths were reported in the two first weeks of 2018.
The Humanitarian Overview: An analysis of key crises into 2018 focuses primarily on the crises that are expected to deteriorate in the coming year and outlines the likely corresponding humanitarian needs.
Based on our weekly Global Emergency Overview (GEO), we have identified 12 countries that are likely to face deteriorating humanitarian situations in 2018. We include a further six countries where the crises are already severe and likely to continue in a similar trend.
Despite having entered the harvest season, there are still some 4.8 million people food insecure in South Sudan. This represents a 1.4 million increase compared with the same time period last year, an indication of a worsening food security situation for 2018.
Some households in Wau and Ayod counties are experiencing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). GAM rates of more than 30% were identified in several areas of Western Bahr el Ghazal.
2 million people in CAR remain in need of food assistance, and 1.1 million people are food insecure (in IPC Phase 3: Crisis and IPC Phase 4: Emergency). Although the Global Hunger Index 2017 shows a general long-term progress in reducing hunger worldwide, CAR's hunger score remained around the mark of 50.9 for the past 17 years. The GHI places CAR at extremely alarming levels of hunger and malnutrition taking into account its levels of undernourishment and mortality rate.
Half of Raqqa’s population is estimated to have fled the city in the past two weeks. WASH conditions are particularly worrying as the supply network is not functioning and sewage systems have been destroyed. Waterborne diseases are on the rise, and a polio outbreak is ongoing. Healthcare services are very limited, in part due to insufficient fuel and electricity. Fleeing the city is becoming more challenging as smuggling fees are increasing.
Anticipated scope and scale
While clashes between the government and various opposing armed forces are sporadic as opposed to ongoing, they signify that the ceasefire is unlikely to hold. Coupled with the reduction of UNAMID forces and their decreased capacity to monitor events and protect civilians, direct and indirect attacks on civilians are likely to continue and increase.
23 people were killed in attacks by Batwa fighters in Tanganyika from 25-30 May, resulting in communities from more than five villages fleeing. Provincial authorities have forcibly returned IDPs in Kalemie to their villages of origin in Tanganyika despite widespread insecurity.
In Nord-Kivu, humanitarian access is deteriorating as intercommunal violence has increased over the last six months. ICRC has suspended their operations providing assistance to 25,000 people in Lubero territory after the abduction of two humanitarian staff.
There have been 490 cases of Lassa Fever since December 2016, of which 189 were confirmed, and 104 resulted in deaths. This represents an extremely high case fatality rate of 21%, which has been attributed to the ongoing humanitarian situation in the northeast, intense population movement, and poor health response capacity.
The number of new South Sudanese refugees in 2017 so far (137,000) has surpassed the total for all of 2016, bringing the current total to 417,000. Malnutrition rates are high. In White Nile state, where there are 122,000 South Sudanese refugees, 40% of those in camps are food insecure. A cholera outbreak in the state since April has led to at least 2,750 suspected cases and 49 deaths.
Anticipated scope and scale
Floods during the rainy season from June until at least October will affect about 200,000 people, mostly in southern Sudan. Particularly vulnerable are the displaced in southern Sudan, where there are 2.3 million IDPs and about 400,000 South Sudanese, 110,000 of whom arrived in 2017. Floods will damage key WASH infrastructure and increase the caseload of diseases including cholera and malaria. Houses will be destroyed and flooding will damage crops and isolate some localities, driving up food prices.
143,000 people are facing Famine in Nigeria and South Sudan
9.9 million people facing Emergency food security outcome levels (IPC 4) in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen
Yemen and Somalia could face Famine (IPC 5), if no assistance is provided between May and August
Why are these countries affected by famine?
Dozens of hospitals have been hit by airstrikes since February 2017 - the Idlib governorate, where a recent chemical attack killed 89, has been particularly affected.
Many hospitals have stopped being functioning due to damage and health care personnel being killed or fleeing - putting an additional strain on the health system.
Some of those injured in the chemical in Idlib attack had to be transferred to hospitals in Turkey for treatment.
671 cholera cases have been reported in Awerial county, Lakes, since June 2016, of which at least 117 are new cases since 6 March. Most new cases have been reported in Mingkaman IDP camp. The case fatality rate (CFR) is 1.49% - or ten deaths.
A lack of WASH facilities has been reported, further spreading the outbreak. The upcoming rainy season, from May/June onwards, will also likely further deteriorate the WASH situation and result in an increased number of cholera cases.