Appeals & Response Plans
- South Sudan: Floods - Sep 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2016
- South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2015
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- South Sudan: Kala-azar Outbreak - Sep 2014
- South Sudan: Floods - Aug 2014
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - May 2014
- South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Sep 2013
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Summary of key findings
In 2016, 158 major attacks against aid operations occurred, in which 101 aid workers were killed, 98 wounded and 89 kidnapped. The number of attacks and victims increased only slightly from 2015.
For the second consecutive year, South Sudan was the most violent context for aid workers, reflecting the fracturing conflict and an atmosphere of impunity for armed actors.
This paper seeks to provide an overview of the operational challenges and emerging good practices in negotiations on humanitarian access with non-state armed groups (NSAGs) during humanitarian responses in high-risk countries. It draws primarily on research conducted for Secure Access in Volatile Environments (SAVE), a three-year research programme (2013–2016) exploring the question of how to deliver a high-quality humanitarian response amid high levels of insecurity.
In contexts where humanitarian organisations and communities are exposed to violence and insecurity, there are significant challenges not only in ensuring access to assistance, but also in assessing its reach and effectiveness. Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) is critical for understanding the performance of aid, ensuring accountability to affected populations and donors, and allowing effective continuation of programmes amid insecurity.
Many humanitarian organisations work in active conflict zones under direct threat of violence. This significantly constrains their operations, and makes it difficult to deliver the aid people need. We looked at two questions: how many aid agencies are able to get access to the most dangerous places? And how do access constraints affect ‘humanitarian coverage’ – the degree to which people in need are being reached by the aid system?
In conflict situations, such as those in Afghanistan and Somalia, simple communication technologies can help researchers and humanitarian organisations collect more accurate data on the effects of humanitarian aid. Electronic surveys taken with smartphones, for example, can automatically assess collected data and prevent implausible responses from being entered. This toolkit weighs the benefits – and the risks – of technology used in aid and development.
In 2015, 287 aid workers were victims of major attacks.
Major attacks on aid workers, 2010-2015
2015 was the second consecutive year showing a lower global casualty toll for aid workers. There were 148 incidents recorded in 25 countries, affecting 287 aid workers, which represented 22% fewer attacks compared to the previous year, and 42 fewer victims.
John Caccavale, Secure Access Researcher – South Sudan
All eyes are on Addis Ababa, waiting to see the fate of yet another proposed peace-agreement. Meanwhile, the most affected areas and people of this conflict remain cut off from humanitarian aid.
The preliminary findings of Component 1 of SAVE are beginning to emerge, shedding new light on how humanitarian access is affected by insecurity. While it is well understood that access is reduced and constrained in violent environments, there has never been an attempt to measure these effects – in part because the humanitarian footprint itself has never been fully quantified. Component 1 is attempting to full this evidence gap.
In 2014, 329 aid workers were victims of major attacks.
Aid Worker Security Incidents, 2004–14
In 2014, 190 major attacks against aid operations occurred, affecting 329 aid workers in 27 countries. This represents a decrease of roughly 30 per cent from last year’s all-time high. However, numbers of attacks remained higher than in previous years.
Summary of key findings
Summary of key ﬁndings
In 2012, there were 167 incidents of major violence against aid workers in 19 countries.
These attacks resulted in 274 aid workers killed, kidnapped, or seriously wounded.
The number of victims relative to the estimated total number of aid workers (the attack rate) continued to rise.
Aid worker kidnappings have quadrupled over the past decade; since 2009, more aid workers have been victims of kidnapping than of any other form of attack.
The present evaluation was commissioned to assess DG ECHO’s operational capacity to fund integrated food security and nutrition operations in line with the Humanitarian Food Assistance Communication (2010) and related policies. It asks whether DG ECHO-funded food assistance supports, or perhaps hinders, attention to the relevant immediate and underlying causes of acute undernutrition.
This brief is a preview of findings from the forthcoming Aid Worker Security Report 2013, based on data from the Aid Worker Security Database (AWSD). The AWSD is a project of Humanitarian Outcomes, made possible by grants from the Canadian, Irish and US governments, and currently supported by a grant from USAID. It is available online at www.aidworkerssecurity.org
In 2011, 308 aid workers were killed, kidnapped or wounded – the highest number yet recorded. After declining in 2010, total incidents of violence against aid workers rose again, particularly kidnappings.
Most of these attacks continued to take place in a small number of countries: Afghanistan, Somalia, South Sudan, Pakistan and Sudan.