Appeals & Response Plans
- South Sudan: Floods - Sep 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2016
- South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2015
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- South Sudan: Kala-azar Outbreak - Sep 2014
- South Sudan: Floods - Aug 2014
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - May 2014
- South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Sep 2013
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Since 2011, the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC) has sought to understand how processes of post- conflict recovery and state-building play out in some of the world’s most challenging contexts – and to equip policy- makers and practitioners with better information on how to support these processes.
Helping economies recover in the aftermath of war is a top policy priority for international donors and aid agencies, motivated by perceptions that persisting economic grievances are capable of sliding countries back into violence. However, while post-conflict economic programming is often aimed at resuscitating markets and developing the private sector, there is limited evidence to support investments in these areas.
State-building has provided the framework for international engagement in countries affected by conflict for at least the past decade. Service delivery is considered one of the few viable ‘entry points’ into this complex enterprise, offering donors and agencies a relatively tangible means of supporting these processes.
Every year a quarter of all international aid – approximately US$15 billion – is spent on capacity development. However, despite the continued dominance of capacity development, results are frequently disappointing.
Livelihoods are fundamentally about what people do to meet their needs over time, including how they cope with and recover from shocks. Understanding how people do this is a central part of the work of the Secure Livelihood Research Consortium (SLRC).
This report synthesizes findings on livelihoods from quantitative and qualitative research projects conducted by SLRC from 2011 to 2016 in eight countries affected by fragility and conflict to varying degrees: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nepal, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, and Uganda.
Author(s): Daniel Maxwell, Martina Santschi and Rachel Gordon
This paper reviews large-scale humanitarian operations in South Sudan, focusing on what lessons can be learnt from Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS).
Author(s): Martina Santschi, Leben Moro, Philip Dau, Rachel Gordon and Daniel Maxwell
This paper analyses people's perceptions of their former livelihoods, access to basic services and governance in Pibor County prior to the escalation of violence across South Sudan.
1 Introduction and research questions
■ Livelihoods were in a precarious state in South Sudan even before the outbreak of the current armed conflict in December 2013. The assumption was that conflict had been the factor driving vulnerability, and that after the civil war recovery would take off. But this recovery largely did not occur, especially in Jonglei, where localized conflict continued.
■ State-building involves highly political, long-term, internal processes. The presumed link between service delivery and people’s improved views of the state was not straightforward in South Sudan even before its decline into the current armed conflict.
■ Before the return to widespread armed conflict, people’s reported priorities were physical security, perceived fairness in resource allocation, and any access to services, regardless of whether they were provided by the state.
■ The long history of international engagement in South Sudan has been driven and shaped at least as much by global aid trends as by the realities of the local context, norms and institutions.
■ After the CPA and independence, international actors prioritised technical solutions to South Sudan’s development challenges and failed to adequately account for the deeply political nature of conflict transformation, state-building and aid.
Working Paper 24
Author(s): Daniel Maxwell, Martina Santschi, Leben Moro, Rachel Gordon, Philip Dau
This paper reports on field research conducted in South Sudan during October 2014 in Juba, Mingkaman (Lakes State) and Ganyiel (Unity State) inquiring into the nature of the humanitarian response carried during the current conflict and the questions and challenges raised by it.
Author(s): Daniel Maxwell,Martina Santschi
In 2012, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), with inputs from SLRC, implemented the first round of an original sub-regional panel survey in South Sudan aimed to produce data on people's livelihoods, access to and experience of basic services, and people’s perceptions of governance.
Data was collected from 797 households in two states - Jonglei and Upper Nile - between March and April 2012.
Download the survey data: South Sudan Survey Annex.xls
Full summary: This report is based on qualitative fieldwork conducted in Uror and Nyirol Counties, Jonglei State, South Sudan and a household survey conducted by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and SLRC in 2012. Together these studies comprise a baseline analysis of livelihoods, access to social services and people’s perceptions of participation and governance.
The report finds:
Working Paper 1
Daniel Maxwell, Kirsten Gelsdorf and Martina Santschi
Full summary: On 9 July 2011, the Republic of South Sudan became the world’s newest country. The realisation of the South’s independence came after nearly four decades of a civil war that devastated the lives and livelihoods of the South Sudanese. The consequences of the long conflict on people’s lives, livelihoods and access to basic services were devastating, and the new country faces massive challenges in overcoming these.