Appeals & Response Plans
- South Sudan: Floods - Sep 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2016
- South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2015
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- South Sudan: Kala-azar Outbreak - Sep 2014
- South Sudan: Floods - Aug 2014
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - May 2014
- South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Sep 2013
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Hopes that the August 2015 peace agreement between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) government of Salva Kiir and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition (SPLM-IO) of Riek Machar would end the conflict in South Sudan collapsed with the return to fighting on 8 July 2016. A year later the fighting has continued and spread, the humanitarian crisis has deepened, and the international peacemakers are reduced to making appeals to end the violence that are ignored.
Following fighting in Juba in July 2016 and Riek Machar’s flight into the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the peace agreement between the Government of South Sudan and opposition forces has not only collapsed but has led to new conflict in Greater Equatoria, along the DRC border, according to a new report from the Small Arms Survey.
A new report from the Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) project examines the history of Sudan’s militia strategy and the role of paramilitaries and militias in the country’s armed conflicts, notably in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile. It also discusses the long-term economic, political, and social costs of Sudan’s militia strategy for the state and society, as well as its implications for any future security sector reform process in Sudan.
Key findings include the following:
Policing in South Sudan
Transformation Challenges and Priorities
I. Introduction and key findings
Legitimacy, exclusion, and power
Taban Deng Gai and the South Sudan peace process
The Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) for Sudan and South Sudan project is pleased to release two new publications and a new portal of archival research. Please see below for descriptions and URL links.
Symposium Report on the Future of Human Security in Sudan and South Sudan, “Learning from a Decade of Empirical Research”
The Small Arms Survey’s mission is to provide authoritative, policy-relevant information and analysis to help inform policies and programmes. The Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) project for Sudan and South Sudan benefits from a network of expert researchers and peer reviewers, and receives feedback from practitioners and others with valuable insights.
Introduction and key findings
The UN arms embargo on Darfur— imposed in 2004, expanded in 2005, and elaborated in 2010 with additional due-diligence requirements—has demonstrably failed to prevent the delivery of materiel to Darfur’s armed actors. A transnational supply chain based in locations as diverse as the remote Central African trading town of Am Dafok and the commercial centres of Dubai continues to furnish weapons, ammunition, and other military equipment to all sides in a 14-year-old conflict.
The Small Arms Survey welcomes the announced ceasefire in Juba today after days of armed fighting, looting, violence against civilians, and displacement. We hope the apparent ceasefire holds, and that security can quickly be restored in the capital and in other areas where violence has occurred. The international community, including the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the United Nations system have critical roles to play in the days and weeks ahead to build structures to keep the peace and hold the parties to security commitments.
The Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) for Sudan and South Sudan project is pleased to announce the release of a new Working Paper entitled ‘Popular Struggles and Elite Co-optation: The Nuer White Army in South Sudan’s Civil War,’ by John Young.
On 2 October 2015, the president of South Sudan, Salva Kiir, issued an administrative decree that divided South Sudan’s ten states into 28, plunging the country’s precarious peace process into chaos. While negotiations between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) and the SPLM/A-in-Opposition (SPLM/A– IO) are ongoing, Kiir’s new map of South Sudan threatens to be an unsurpassable obstacle to achieving sustainable peace in the country.
Describing events through 23 February 2016
By Laura M. James
I. Introduction and key findings
Oil and security in Sudan and South Sudan are, in the words of one former oil minister, ‘two faces of the same coin’.1 At the international, regional, national, state, and community levels, it is possible to trace how oil exploration, extraction, and exploitation have contributed to insecurity, both directly and indirectly.
In an article and a documentary released in August, National Geographic documented the journey of specially constructed fake tusks from southeastern Central African Republic (CAR) to a small town in Darfur via the disputed enclave of Kafia Kingi. The fake tusks, embedded with GPS-emitting devices, were planted by National Geographic journalists near the small town of Mboki in CAR. After 53 days, the tusks were recorded for the last time in the East Darfur town of Ed Daein, 590 miles northeast of Mboki and about 90 miles southwest of Nyala, the capital of South Darfur state.