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09 Oct 2018 description

Africa needs inclusive health and educational systems that eliminate the stigma around mental illness.

By Stellah Kwasi

The negative impact of armed conflict on the mental health of combatants is well documented. But it wasn’t until about two decades ago that literature on the effect of conflict on civilians began emerging.

27 Sep 2018 description

Amanda Lucey and Liezelle Kumalo

Liberia and South Sudan represent important case studies for what sustaining peace means in practice. They provide an opportunity to interrogate how the United Nations (UN) can ensure greater inclusivity in activities carried out across the sustaining peace spectrum, including mediation, security sector reform and institution building. With the current UN focus on sustaining peace, this report provides practical recommendations for more inclusive processes.

Key findings

27 Sep 2018 description

In this issue:

Is the African Charter on democracy strong enough?

The AU’s African initiative vs. Russian/Sudanese mediation in the CAR

Looting could make South Sudan’s peace efforts impossible

Political infighting endangers SADC’s hard work in Lesotho

Discussions around the African Standby Force gain momentum

19 Sep 2018 description

Despite the latest agreements, foreign interests and a continued elite wealth race are still a threat.

By Duncan E Omondi Gumba and Akol Miyen Kuol

South Sudan’s government, opposition and rebel groups have signed an agreement that lays the foundation for a transition government. But many doubt that the current peace will hold.

03 Sep 2018 description

From mediation to institution building, peace processes must reflect the needs of all sectors of society.

By Lizelle Kumalo

Peace is not just about restoring stability after violence. It is also about investing in the structures and institutions that will ensure peaceful, inclusive and just societies, as new ISS research shows.

31 Aug 2018 description

In this issue:

How the latest AU decision on Western Sahara could affect other crises

The African Union and the question of LGBTI-rights

The AU will have to do more to convince SADC

Helping those affected by Boko Haram to get back on their feet

Interview with Nicholas Haysom, UN Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan

20 Aug 2018 description

Parties to the South Sudan conflict signed a power-sharing deal on 5 August 2018 in Khartoum. The latest governance arrangement is part of several deals concluded recently. However, the numerous broken peace deals in South Sudan in the past raise concerns about implementation.

PSC Report spoke to Nicholas Haysom, United Nations Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan about building sustainable peace in South Sudan.

14 Aug 2018 description

Although unpopular, pressure from Security Council sanctions has led to progress and must now be sustained.

By Meressa K Dessu and Selam Tadesse

Cautious optimism surrounds efforts to end the brutal five-year civil war in South Sudan. Recent progress in the peace process has led to a permanent ceasefire and power-sharing agreements among parties to the conflict, including the two main rivals – President Salva Kiir’s government and Riek Machar’s rebel group.

09 Jul 2018 description

Refugees tend to be more accommodating of ethnic differences, which makes them good agents for peacebuilding

BY TSION TADESSE ABEBE AND SELAM TADESSE

Today, 9 July, marks the seventh anniversary of South Sudan’s independence, more than four years of which have been marred by conflict. Disagreement between President Salva Kiir Mayardit (of the Dinka ethnic group) and his rival, former vice president Riek Machar (who is Nuer), led to the outbreak of the conflict in 2013.

22 Jun 2018 description

Are new talks between Kiir and Machar a sign that regional and global pressure is paying off?

22 JUN 2018 / BY MERESSA K DESSU

Nearly two years since their last meeting, rival leaders President Salva Kiir and Dr Riek Machar met face to face on 20 June in Addis Ababa to start a new round of talks to end South Sudan’s prolonged civil war. Will they use this new opportunity to genuinely look at peace dividends?

19 Jun 2018 description

In this issue:

Focus on the 31st AU summit:

  • Staying the course to reform the AU

  • What role for the AU in the Sahel?

  • Why another power-sharing deal in South Sudan has collapsed

  • The future of EU support for APSA: issues to look out for

Is the PSC Protocol still up to date?

08 Jun 2018 description

The parties to the conflict in South Sudan again failed to reach an agreement at the recently concluded High-Level Revitalization Forum in Addis Ababa. They rejected the Intergovernmental Authority on Development’s (IGAD) proposal aimed at reconciling the positions of the warring factions. IGAD now wants to organise a face-to-face meeting between President Salva Kirr and his opponent Riek Machar before the African Union (AU) summit in Nouakchott in June/July 2018.

25 May 2018 description
  • FemWise-Africa aims to include more women in peace processes

  • Calls for the AU to play a role in humanitarian crises – can it work?

  • The dilemma of free movement of people on an insecure continent - Can Weah realise his pro-poor economic development agenda?

  • UAE port deal with Somaliland stirs up trouble in the Horn - PSC Interview: ‘Expect a more robust NEPAD Agency’

10 May 2018 description

Ce Rapport sur le CPS analyse en détail les décisions prises par l'organe entre avril 2016 et mars 2018.

Dans ce numéro

Vers une plus grande subsidiarité : rétrospective des travaux du CPS sortant

Afrique du Sud et Nigeria : deux pays essentiels pour les initiatives continentales

Entretien avec le Rapport sur le CPS: vers une appropriation collective du CPS

Analyse des réunions du CPS de janvier à mars 2018

28 Mar 2018 description

South Sudan and Somalia are the two most under-funded refugee situations in the world.

BY AIMÉE-NOËL MBIYOZO

While many destination countries are restricting their protection of refugees, the global refugee population continues to grow. The most recent Global Trends report from the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) shows that by the end of 2016, 65.6 million people worldwide were displaced by conflict and persecution.

28 Mar 2018 description

In this issue

The PSC and the terrorist threat: beyond meetings

The impact of new funding uncertainties on AMISOM

The AU and the constitutional review process in Burundi

Central Africa’s gathering storm

Challenges facing the PSC’s Committee of Experts

PSC interview: Political will is needed for equitable transitional justice

27 Mar 2018 description

The PSC Report spoke to Institute for Security Studies senior researcher Allan Ngari about the International Criminal Court (ICC), the issue of equality before the law and transitional justice in conflict situations in Africa.

There has been a lot of controversy over the death penalty meted out against a South African military advisor for South Sudan’s opposition, led by Riek Machar. What are your views on this?

22 Mar 2018 description

What are the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and Somalian refugees in Ethiopia?

15 MAR 2018 / BY AIMÉE-NOËL MBIYOZO

20 Mar 2018 description

20 MAR 2018 / BY TSION TADESSE ABEBE

Ethiopia is the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa. It is also fast becoming the most progressive on the continent in responding to forced displacement. If properly implemented, Ethiopia’s version of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework – which combines development and humanitarian aid – will benefit both refugees and host communities.

01 Mar 2018 description

In this issue

On the Agenda – Focus on 30th summit

The election of 10 new PSC members shows that consultation within regions prevailed over competition between member states.

Rwandan President Paul Kagame is still struggling to convince all member states to agree to AU reforms.

Plans to make Nepad a development agency are pitting the old guard against the reformers.

Situation Analysis