Appeals & Response Plans
- South Sudan: Floods - Sep 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2016
- South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2015
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- South Sudan: Kala-azar Outbreak - Sep 2014
- South Sudan: Floods - Aug 2014
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - May 2014
- South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Sep 2013
Most read reports
- South Sudan: Aid agencies appeal for $1.5 billion to reach 5.7 million people with life-saving assistance
- 15,000 children without parents or missing, five years after outbreak of fighting in South Sudan
- South Sudan set to vaccinate targeted healthcare and frontline workers operating in high risk states against Ebola
- South Sudan: Humanitarian Access Snapshot (November 2018)
- Accessing South Sudan: Humanitarian Aid in a Time of Crisis
A new peace agreement was signed in South Sudan on 12 September 2018 in an attempt to bring an end to the five-year war in the country. Andrews Atta-Asamoah, an Institute for Security Studies expert on the Horn of Africa, spoke to the PSC Report about the current peace process and assessed the way forward.
Is the peace deal that was signed in September 2018 holding?
Between August and October this year, the Peace and Security Council (PSC) held meetings on Libya, Lesotho, Guinea-Bissau, South Sudan, Burundi, the Central African Republic (CAR), Darfur and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Very few new initiatives, however, were launched. In some cases, such as Burundi, the PSC again called for action by the region – in this instance, the East African Community (EAC) – and in others, such as the CAR, it expressed support for the African Union (AU) initiative in the country.
Clarifying the roles of the African Union (AU) and subregional organisations is a central element of the AU reforms. It is key in terms of managing expectations about what the AU can or cannot do, as well as coordinating Africa’s responses to avoid duplication of efforts. But this issue is also divisive, and it is unclear whether AU member states will reach a concrete decision on a division of labour at the upcoming extraordinary summit on reforms in Addis Ababa on 17 November.
Africa needs inclusive health and educational systems that eliminate the stigma around mental illness.
By Stellah Kwasi
The negative impact of armed conflict on the mental health of combatants is well documented. But it wasn’t until about two decades ago that literature on the effect of conflict on civilians began emerging.
Amanda Lucey and Liezelle Kumalo
Liberia and South Sudan represent important case studies for what sustaining peace means in practice. They provide an opportunity to interrogate how the United Nations (UN) can ensure greater inclusivity in activities carried out across the sustaining peace spectrum, including mediation, security sector reform and institution building. With the current UN focus on sustaining peace, this report provides practical recommendations for more inclusive processes.
In this issue:
Is the African Charter on democracy strong enough?
The AU’s African initiative vs. Russian/Sudanese mediation in the CAR
Looting could make South Sudan’s peace efforts impossible
Political infighting endangers SADC’s hard work in Lesotho
Discussions around the African Standby Force gain momentum
Despite the latest agreements, foreign interests and a continued elite wealth race are still a threat.
By Duncan E Omondi Gumba and Akol Miyen Kuol
South Sudan’s government, opposition and rebel groups have signed an agreement that lays the foundation for a transition government. But many doubt that the current peace will hold.
From mediation to institution building, peace processes must reflect the needs of all sectors of society.
By Lizelle Kumalo
Peace is not just about restoring stability after violence. It is also about investing in the structures and institutions that will ensure peaceful, inclusive and just societies, as new ISS research shows.
In this issue:
How the latest AU decision on Western Sahara could affect other crises
The African Union and the question of LGBTI-rights
The AU will have to do more to convince SADC
Helping those affected by Boko Haram to get back on their feet
Interview with Nicholas Haysom, UN Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan
Parties to the South Sudan conflict signed a power-sharing deal on 5 August 2018 in Khartoum. The latest governance arrangement is part of several deals concluded recently. However, the numerous broken peace deals in South Sudan in the past raise concerns about implementation.
PSC Report spoke to Nicholas Haysom, United Nations Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan about building sustainable peace in South Sudan.
Although unpopular, pressure from Security Council sanctions has led to progress and must now be sustained.
By Meressa K Dessu and Selam Tadesse
Cautious optimism surrounds efforts to end the brutal five-year civil war in South Sudan. Recent progress in the peace process has led to a permanent ceasefire and power-sharing agreements among parties to the conflict, including the two main rivals – President Salva Kiir’s government and Riek Machar’s rebel group.
Refugees tend to be more accommodating of ethnic differences, which makes them good agents for peacebuilding
BY TSION TADESSE ABEBE AND SELAM TADESSE
Today, 9 July, marks the seventh anniversary of South Sudan’s independence, more than four years of which have been marred by conflict. Disagreement between President Salva Kiir Mayardit (of the Dinka ethnic group) and his rival, former vice president Riek Machar (who is Nuer), led to the outbreak of the conflict in 2013.
Are new talks between Kiir and Machar a sign that regional and global pressure is paying off?
22 JUN 2018 / BY MERESSA K DESSU
Nearly two years since their last meeting, rival leaders President Salva Kiir and Dr Riek Machar met face to face on 20 June in Addis Ababa to start a new round of talks to end South Sudan’s prolonged civil war. Will they use this new opportunity to genuinely look at peace dividends?
In this issue:
Focus on the 31st AU summit:
Staying the course to reform the AU
What role for the AU in the Sahel?
Why another power-sharing deal in South Sudan has collapsed
The future of EU support for APSA: issues to look out for
Is the PSC Protocol still up to date?
The parties to the conflict in South Sudan again failed to reach an agreement at the recently concluded High-Level Revitalization Forum in Addis Ababa. They rejected the Intergovernmental Authority on Development’s (IGAD) proposal aimed at reconciling the positions of the warring factions. IGAD now wants to organise a face-to-face meeting between President Salva Kirr and his opponent Riek Machar before the African Union (AU) summit in Nouakchott in June/July 2018.
FemWise-Africa aims to include more women in peace processes
Calls for the AU to play a role in humanitarian crises – can it work?
The dilemma of free movement of people on an insecure continent - Can Weah realise his pro-poor economic development agenda?
UAE port deal with Somaliland stirs up trouble in the Horn - PSC Interview: ‘Expect a more robust NEPAD Agency’
Ce Rapport sur le CPS analyse en détail les décisions prises par l'organe entre avril 2016 et mars 2018.
Dans ce numéro
Vers une plus grande subsidiarité : rétrospective des travaux du CPS sortant
Afrique du Sud et Nigeria : deux pays essentiels pour les initiatives continentales
Entretien avec le Rapport sur le CPS: vers une appropriation collective du CPS
Analyse des réunions du CPS de janvier à mars 2018
South Sudan and Somalia are the two most under-funded refugee situations in the world.
BY AIMÉE-NOËL MBIYOZO
While many destination countries are restricting their protection of refugees, the global refugee population continues to grow. The most recent Global Trends report from the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) shows that by the end of 2016, 65.6 million people worldwide were displaced by conflict and persecution.
In this issue
The PSC and the terrorist threat: beyond meetings
The impact of new funding uncertainties on AMISOM
The AU and the constitutional review process in Burundi
Central Africa’s gathering storm
Challenges facing the PSC’s Committee of Experts
PSC interview: Political will is needed for equitable transitional justice
The PSC Report spoke to Institute for Security Studies senior researcher Allan Ngari about the International Criminal Court (ICC), the issue of equality before the law and transitional justice in conflict situations in Africa.
There has been a lot of controversy over the death penalty meted out against a South African military advisor for South Sudan’s opposition, led by Riek Machar. What are your views on this?