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15 Feb 2018 description
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Executive Summary

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND

Ethiopia is the second largest refugee hosting country in Africa, with 889,071 refugees and asylum seekers as of November 2017.2 At the Leaders’ Summit held in New York in September 2016, and co-hosted by Ethiopia, a day after the adoption of the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants, the Government of Ethiopia made the following nine pledges to relax its reservations to the Refugee Convention and encampment practices, and to strengthen support to refugees.

13 Feb 2018 description
report World Vision

Violence against children affects more than 1.7 billion children every year, in every community and every country. Children are being subjected to violence in their communities, schools and homes – the very places they should feel the most secure and safe. Violence is devastating for children, affecting their health, obstructing their education and diminishing their chances for a life free from poverty and discrimination. The impact of violence goes beyond the individual children, affecting families and communities, slowing economic development and eroding human and social capital.

31 Jan 2018 description

Overview

Kuwait will have the presidency in February and has chosen as its centrepiece a ministerial-level briefing on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter in the maintenance of international peace and security, with the Secretary-General as the main speaker. It is also planning to hold an open debate on working methods (Kuwait is the chair of the Working Group on Documentation and Other Procedural Questions).

30 Jan 2018 description
report Chatham House

Executive Summary

The low level of energy access in refugee camps is sorely felt by displaced people. Expensive and dirty technologies contribute to poverty, and hamper relief and development efforts.

26 Jan 2018 description

The conflict, which continues today, has devastated the country, resulting in tens of thousands of civilian deaths, and the displacement of 4 million people, 1.9 million of which are internally displaced and another 2 million who fled to neighboring countries. The chaos threatens the world’s youngest country with collapse and regional instability.

26 Jan 2018 description

Executive Summary

In recent years, a combination of armed conflict, climatic shocks and long-standing socioeconomic and governance deficits in north-east Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen have led to acute humanitarian emergencies and famine or near famine situations.

26 Jan 2018 description
report Human Rights Watch
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Arabic version

Sudan’s human rights record continued to be defined by government repression and violations of basic civil and political rights, restriction of religious freedoms, and disregard for obligations on civilian protection under international humanitarian law.

26 Jan 2018 description
report Human Rights Watch

In 2017, South Sudan’s civil war entered its fourth year, spreading across the country with new fighting in Greater Upper Nile, Western Bahr al Ghazal, and the Equatorias, featuring highly abusive government counterinsurgency operations. The government continued to restrict media, suppress critics, and unlawfully detain people for perceived opposition.

25 Jan 2018 description
report Enough Project

By Brian Adeba and John Prendergast

Executive Summary

Spoilers on the battlefield and in the negotiations process have completely undermined the search for peace in South Sudan. After numerous threats from the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the lack of any meaningful and escalating consequences for significant cease-fire violations and obstruction has emboldened spoilers on all sides and led to a spiraling of the conflict.

16 Jan 2018 description

The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a global norm, unanimously adopted by heads of state and government at the 2005 UN World Summit, aimed at preventing and halting Genocide, War Crimes, Ethnic Cleansing and Crimes Against Humanity. R2P stipulates that:

» Every State has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from the four mass atrocity crimes (Pillar I).

» The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist individual States in meeting that responsibility (Pillar II).

16 Jan 2018 description

Foreword

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 (SOFI) has revealed that global hunger is on the rise again after declining for more than two decades. Global hunger rose from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million people in 2016.

11 Jan 2018 description

In this issue
On the Agenda
The 30th AU summit will be an opportunity to start implementing AU reforms.

Ten new members of the PSC will be elected at the summit.

Clarifying the relationship between the AU and RECs is on the reform agenda.

Situation Analysis
Parliamentary elections are on the cards for Guinea- Bissau in 2018.

Addis Insight
An analysis of the work of the PSC this year shows fewer meetings were held on crisis situations.

05 Jan 2018 description

In September 2016, the UN General Assembly adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants. UN Member States committed to strengthening and enhancing mechanisms to protect refugees and migrants and to move towards a more effective system of responsibility sharing in the international refugee response. States committed to working towards the adoption of a Global Compact on Refugees in 2018, to consist of a Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and a Programme of Action for implementation.