Appeals & Response Plans
- South Sudan: Rift Valley Fever Outbreak - Dec 2017
- South Sudan: Floods - Sep 2017
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2016
- South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2018
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2015
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- South Sudan: Kala-azar Outbreak - Sep 2014
- South Sudan: Floods - Aug 2014
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - May 2014
Maps & Infographics
Most read (last 30 days)
- Report of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan (A/HRC/37/71)
- Hungry for Peace: Exploring the Links Between Conflict and Hunger in South Sudan (February 2018)
- Nearly two-thirds of the population in South Sudan at risk of rising hunger
- A ‘silent killer’, maternal and neonatal tetanus, is causing deaths of mothers and newborns across South Sudan
- Humanitarian Coordinator calls for urgent action to avert worsening food crisis in South Sudan
- White maize grain was as usual, the most regionally traded commodity between October and December 2017 because of increasing supply from the previous June-to-July, and ongoing November-to-January harvests (see Figure 1). Recurrent conflict-related trade disruptions from southern to northern markets in South Sudan encouraged alternative imports from Sudan in the north.
8213th Meeting (AM)
The United Nations senior-most humanitarian official and the head of the World Food Programme (WFP) came together today to urge the Security Council to play a greater role in breaking the link between hunger and conflict, stating that in doing so, it would make a significant contribution to famine eradication and sustainable development.
Thank you very much, Madam President.
Famines and extreme hunger have been part of the human experience since the first person walked the earth. But it is possible, in our lifetime, to eradicate famine from the human experience. And I’d like to just take a few moments to explain to the Council why I think that’s the case and how the Council can help towards that goal.
Despite the wildest predictions famines have become less frequent and less lethal over the past few decades. It’s a big achievement. So what happened?
Overview of the South Sudan situation
People internally displaced and non- South Sudanese refugees in South Sudan*
South Sudanese refugees hosted in neighbouring countries**
Of South Sudanese refugees are women and children
Countries covered in this Appeal
*As of end December 2017: source HCT / UNHCR
**As of end December 2017: source UNHCR
The Logistics Cluster and WFP Access conducted a joint mission to Kapoeta from 6 to 8 March to facilitate humanitarian access to this area following reports by the humanitarian community of challenges in delivering relief items.
• Humanitarian Coordinator calls for urgent action to avert worsening food crisis in South Sudan.
• Almost two-thirds of the South Sudan population at risk of rising hunger.
• South Sudan declares a Rift Valley fever outbreak in the counties of Awerial, Yirol East and Yirol West, in Lakes.
• A new outbreak of measles has been confirmed in Aweil East County, Northern Bahr el Ghazal.
• Women most affected by South Sudan conflict.
• Centrality of protection: The protection crisis is the primary force behind rising hunger and malnutrition.
Trends continue to show that food insecurity rises wherever significant and/or prolonged violent conflict occurs. Intensified violence was most present in central Greater Bahr el Ghazal.
• Millions of people are at increased risk of famine or catastrophe in South Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia.
FEWSnet, an international early warning system, stated that South Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia could be looking at famine or catastrophic levels of food insecurity in various parts of their countries in the new year due to climate change, conflict and political instability.
1. Background & Rationale
Famine (IPC Phase 5) remains likely in the absence of assistance
An estimated 5.3 million people, 48 percent of the population, are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse acute food insecurity, despite the harvest and continued, large-scale assistance. Compared to past IPC analyses, this is the highest proportion of the population to be in need of emergency humanitarian assistance during the post-harvest period, and the first time no area is classified in Minimal (IPC Phase 1).
Latest South Sudan food security report projects worsening food crisis in the coming months. With many parts of the country moving closer to a 'catastrophe', a famine situation is likely without an urgent increase in aid. "South Sudan's food crisis levels are shocking," said Rehana Zawar, Norwegian Refugee Council's Country Director in South Sudan. "Alarm bells are ringing as the threat of famine is now more widespread than this time last year. Tens of thousands of families are at risk of starvation."
Estimaciones globales sobre la inseguridad alimentaria aguda en 2017
• Alrededor de 124 millones de personas en 51 países se enfrentan a una situación de Crisis de inseguridad alimentaria o peor (equivalente o superior a la fase 3 del IPC/CH) y requieren una acción humanitaria urgente para salvar vidas, proteger los medios de vida y reducir los niveles de hambre y desnutrición aguda.
Estimations mondiales de l’insécurité alimentaire aiguë en 2017
• Environ 124 millions de personnes vivant dans 51 pays sont en situation d’insécurité alimentaire de Crise ou pire (Phase 3 ou pire de l’IPC ou du CH ou équivalent) et requièrent une action humanitaire urgente afin de sauver des vies, protéger les moyens d’existence et réduire les déficits de consommation alimentaire et la malnutrition aiguë.
Acute food insecurity global estimates in 2017
• Around 124 million people in 51 countries face Crisis food insecurity or worse (equivalent of IPC/CH Phase 3 or above). They require urgent humanitarian action to save lives, protect livelihoods, and reduce hunger and malnutrition.
PEOPLE IN NEED IN 2017: 7.6 M
PEOPLE TARGETED IN 2017: 6.2 M
PEOPLE REACHED BY THE END OF 2017: 5.4 M
In 2017, South Sudan’s conflict was in its fourth year, with civilians continuing to bear the brunt of a crisis marked by displacement, hunger and disease. Nearly 4.3 million people – one in three South Sudanese – have been displaced, including more than 1.8 million who are internally displaced and about 2.5 million who are in neighbouring countries. About 700,000 people left South Sudan in 2017.
76,294 Refugees and IDPs received nonfood items assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan in February 2018.
3,308 New arrivals registered in Unity in February 2018.
9,142 Refugees received meningitis vaccination in Ajuong Thok in February 2018
Working with Partners in 2018
■ UNHCR works closely with the Government of South Sudan to deliver assistance and protection services to refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Years of conflict has impacted South Sudan, an estimated 4 million population has been uprooted including 1.9 million displaced since start of conflict in 2013; with up to 85 percent estimated children and women exposed to protection risks, hunger, diseases, and malnutrition. Armed conflict, economic crisis, and below average harvest contributed to deterioration of food security situation in South Sudan. An estimated 6 million (50 % of population) were severely food insecure (IPC Phases 3, 4, and 5). Localized famine was declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Unity state in May 2017.
20 MAR 2018 / BY TSION TADESSE ABEBE
Ethiopia is the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa. It is also fast becoming the most progressive on the continent in responding to forced displacement. If properly implemented, Ethiopia’s version of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework – which combines development and humanitarian aid – will benefit both refugees and host communities.
CONTEXT AND METHODOLOGY
Renk town is located in Renk County, Upper Nile State, near South Sudan’s border with Sudan. Since independance in 2011, Renk has become a major destination and transit point for returnees from Sudan and, since the beginning of the current conflict in 2013, for internally displaced persons (IDPs) fleeing conflict in Upper Nile State.