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18 Dec 2018 description

Introduction

Ethiopia, the second most populous country in Africa, faces a massive internal displacement crisis due to inter-communal violence and conflicts. The displacement crisis started in autumn 2017 and has escalated and spread in the second half of 2018. Meanwhile, there is dramatic political change brought about by the arrival of a new prime minister in 2018, an ongoing refugee influx from South Sudan and Eritrea, and millions of Ethiopians who need emergency food assistance and support to rebuild their livelihoods.

17 Dec 2018 description

At its peak in 2001, Zambia hosted over 250,000 refugees, mainly from Angola and the DRC. Smaller numbers of refugees originated from Rwanda, Burundi, Somalia and other nationalities. These refugee numbers have since drastically reduced due to the successful voluntary repatriation of Angolans, Congolese and other nationalities in the past 16 years. However, in the last one year, the numbers of refugees are steadily increasing due to inflows from the DRC and Burundi and continued mixed migration from the other Great Lakes countries and the Horn of Africa.

17 Dec 2018 description

BACKGROUND

Located in Kaoma District, Western Province, Mayukwayuka settlement was established in 1966 and is one of the oldest refugees settlement in Africa . Over 18, 000 Angolans have repatriated from Mayukwayukwa through the organized, facilitated and spontaneous repatriation since 2003s. Current new arrivals are mainly from the DR Congo. With ongoing efforts at local integration of former Angolan refugees, the settlement is divided into a Local Integration area (LI) for persons eligible to local integration and a refugee area which now UNHCR’s focused.

17 Dec 2018 description

BACKGROUND

Mehaba refugee settlement was established in 1971 and located in Kalumbila District, North Western Province. At its peak in 2003, Meheba hosted 47,670 refugees. With facilitated repatriation to Angola and DRC the population significantly reduced. Current new arrivals are mainly from the DR Congo since 30 August 2017. With ongoing efforts at local integration of former Angolan and Rwandan refugees, the settlement is divided into a Local Integration area (LI) for persons eligible to local integration and a refugee area which now UNHCR’s focused.

16 Dec 2018 description

Key figures:

22.2M people in need

2M internally displaced persons (IDP)

89% of IDPs displaced for more than one year

1M IDP returnees

1.2M IDPs given in-kind or cash assistance in 2018

322K IDPs assisted as part of the Al Hudaydah response since June 2018

Funding

USD 198.7 M required for 2018

USD 137.3 M received as of 4 December 2018

14 Dec 2018 description

As UNHCR works to enhance registration data, the monthly population update has been frozen as of 31 August 2018, pending completion of the ongoing Level 3 registration

Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.

Over 205,000 refugees, representing 24.7% of the total refugee population in Ethiopia, have gone through the comprehensive (L3) registration.

14 Dec 2018 description

UNHCR Senior Officials, including the Assistant High Commissioner for Operations, visited a site for internally displaced people (IDPs) in South Ethiopia. 2.4 million Ethiopians are currently believed to be IDPs.

Betty G, UNHCR High Profile Supporter and Ethiopian Singer, advocates for refugees’ rights, with a focus on women refugees, after visit to the Aysaita Refugee Camp in Afar As UNHCR works to enhance registration data, the monthly population of concern figures have been frozen as of 31 August 2018, to facilitate the completion of the ongoing Level 3 Registration.

12 Dec 2018 description

The UN Refugee Agency has been working in Ukraine since 1994 and established a country office the following year. A host country agreement was signed in September 1996.

Ukraine acceded to the 1951 Convention relating to the status of refugees and the 1967 Protocol in 2002. A 2011 law regulates the treatment of refugees and other persons of concern in Ukraine.

In 2013, Ukraine acceded to the two UN Conventions relating to the status of stateless persons (1954) and on the reduction of statelessness (1961).

KEY POPULATION FIGURES

11 Dec 2018 description

Launch of the Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 and the World Humanitarian Data and Trends 2018

11 Dec 2018 description

Key Indicators
- 2,069 :Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – November 2018
- 1,629: Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
- 51,848: Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions

Operational Context

The key situations include:

11 Dec 2018 description

The recent improvements in the humanitarian situation in Somalia are threatened by the poor performance of the Deyr rainy season, particularly for some areas in the North. Furthermore, despite a reduction in the overall number of people requiring assistance (currently, 4.2 million), the figure remains higher than the pre-crisis level from two years ago. That said, markets in Somalia are healthy, as populations continue to enjoy the dividend of a generally abundant 2018 Gu rainy season (April - July).

DEYR RAINFALL PERFORMANCE

10 Dec 2018 description

As Somalis flee to cities, Mogadishu becomes most crowded city in Africa

11 December 2018 - Conflict and natural disasters from 2017 – 2018 caused massive displacement to cities – says new report from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).

04 Dec 2018 description
report ACTED

Following a drought in 2016/2017, families across Somalia have suffered loss of income and displacement. ACTED's cash transfer programme empowers affected households to absorb the shock of climate-related disaster while maintaining their economic autonomy.

Fadumo’s story

04 Dec 2018 description
report ACTED

Improving coordination and information management at camps Land issues in Garowe are leading to a rise in evictions among displaced people. The threat of eviction hovers over the heads of internally displaced persons (IDPs) as most of the land they live on belongs to private individuals.

Land owners demand monthly payments which most of the impoverished IDPs cannot afford, leading to a breach of the rental obligations and ultimately evictions.

04 Dec 2018 description
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Somali version

Highlights - Deyr seasonal rains have underperformed so far.

  • Over 4.2 million people will need assistance in 2019.

  • Lughaye, six months after Cyclone Sagar.

  • IDP woman attains self-reliance.

  • Sustained humanitarian funding leads to reduced needs.

Deyr season records poor rains

Seasonal rains have underperformed so far

04 Dec 2018 description
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English Abridged version
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French Abridged version
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Arabic Abridged version
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Spanish Abridged version
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Chinese Abridged version

Global trends and challenges

More than 1 per cent of people across the planet right now are caught up in major humanitarian crises. The international humanitarian system is more effective than ever at meeting their needs – but global trends including poverty, population growth and climate change are leaving more people than ever vulnerable to the devastating impacts of conflicts and disasters.

30 Nov 2018 description

Athens – IOM, the UN Migration Agency announced today (30/11) that it has provided a protective environment and tailored services for 1,114 unaccompanied migrant children in Greece since the beginning of the year.

28 Nov 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

  • The refugee verification exercise that started in March 2018 by the Office of the Prime Minister and UNHCR has ended, revising the active registered population in Uganda to 1,154,352 individuals as of end of October 2018.

27 Nov 2018 description
  • IRAQ

15,000 people in Ninewa province and 10,000 people in Salah al-Din province are in need of assistance after severe flooding from 22 November. Thousands of people including many IDPs are displaced. Humanitarian needs include food, NFIs, and shelter, as well as safe drinking water and medicine but bridges and roads are inundated and blocked by debris, hampering response. Other provinces across Iraq also face access constraints due to floods, including Missan, Wasit and Basra provinces.