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22 Sep 2018 description

Addis Ababa, 19, September 2018: Four countries from the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) signed a communique on polio eradication in Garissa, Kenya on 14th September 2018. The communique underscored the need to combine and strengthen the effort of Horn of Africa countries currently responding to an outbreak of poliovirus detected in environmental surveillance and human case samples from Somalia and Kenya. The polio outbreak has been classified as a Grade 2 Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

21 Sep 2018 description

BACKGROUND

The Water Price Monitoring assessment aims to establish a data collection, monitoring and reporting system on water market prices in order to allow humanitarian and development actors to better analyse humanitarian needs in areas particularly affected by drought.

21 Sep 2018 description

Contents

489 Cholera, 2017
497 Performance of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance and incidence of poliomyelitis, 2018

Sommaire

489 Choléra, 2017
497 Fonctionnement de la surveillance de la paralysie flasque aiguë (PFA) et incidence de la poliomyélite, 2018

20 Sep 2018 description
  • Ethiopia made nine pledges to comprehensively respond to refugee needs and is formulating a National Comprehensive Refugee Response Strategy (NCRRS)

  • The Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) was launched in Ethiopia in November 2017.

  • The Operating Plan for the refugee response in Ethiopia in 2018 is USD 327.8 million. This plan is currently funded at 21%.

Applying the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF)

1. Context

20 Sep 2018 description

Introduction

Ethiopia has a long standing history of hosting refugees. In 2004, a National Refugee Law was enacted based on the international and regional refugee conventions to which Ethiopia is a party. Currently, the country is host to some 905,800 refugees, the majority from South Sudan (46.6%), Somalia (28.4%), Eritrea (19.2%) and Sudan (4.9%). As conflicts are ongoing in neighbouring countries, refugees continue to enter Ethiopia on a daily basis, making it the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa.

20 Sep 2018 description
  • Summary of newly-reported viruses this week: Afghanistan – one new case of wild poliovirus (WPV1). Democratic Republic of Congo – two new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2). See country sections below for more details.

  • Featured on www.polioeradication.org: Coffee with Polio Experts – Darcy Levison of WHO talks about the logistical challenges of reaching every child in the Lake Chad subregion.

20 Sep 2018 description

Conflicts and climatic shocks aggravate current food insecurity in many countries

Some 39 countries in need of food assistance - FAO expects slightly lower global cereal production

20 September 2018, Rome - Persistent conflicts and climate-related shocks are currently driving high levels of severe food insecurity, particularly in Southern African and Near East countries, which continue to require humanitarian assistance, according to a new report published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today.

20 Sep 2018 description

Executive Summary

This research report mainly builds on data collected between June and October 2017 through the Mixed Migration Monitoring Mechanism Initiative (4Mi) including 1,062 surveys collected by 4Mi field monitors.

19 Sep 2018 description

With conditions improving in some parts of the country, Somali refugees continue to return from countries of asylum. Statistics from UNHCR indicate that over 121,000 people have voluntarily returned from ten countries of asylum since 2014. The countries include Kenya, Yemen, Djibouti,
Libya, Tunisia and Eritrea. As of August 2018, UNHCR registered 31,836 refugees and asylum seekers in Somalia.

Most people seeking asylum in Somalia are from Ethiopia and Yemen.

19 Sep 2018 description

*10,749 Afghan registered refugees (PoR cardholders) repatriated to Afghanistan from 1 March – 31 August 2018.

*16,835 Afghan refugee births registered from 1 January – 31 August 2018.

**83,310 IDP individuals (13,885 families) returned to their areas of origin in Pakistan since 1 January 2018.

Working with Partners

19 Sep 2018 description
report UN Children's Fund

Highlights

More than 28,553 cholera / AWD cases and 388 deaths (Case Fatality Rate, 1.4%) have been reported in 10 out of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2018. These countries include; Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Somalia accounts for 21 % of the total case load reported this year.

18 Sep 2018 description

Situation update

 No new isolates of cVDPV2 or cVDPV3 from human or environmental samples have been reported this week.

  • The total number of cases is five: two cVDPV2, two cases of cVDPV3 and one case with a co-infection of cVDPV2 and cVDPV3.

  • A total of 10 cVDPV2 positive samples and seven cVDPV3 positive samples have been detected in five operational environmental sampling sites in the Banadir region, the latest of which became operational in the past week.

18 Sep 2018 description

6 September 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 76 new cases of cholera including one death for week 34 (20 to 26 August) of 2018. Over the past two weeks, there has been an increase in the number of cholera cases reported. The cumulative total of cases is 6245, including 42 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017. Of 261 stool samples collected since the beginning of this year, 79 tested positive for Vibrio cholerae, serotype O1 Ogawa.

18 Sep 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

• Over the reporting period, a higher number of entries (246) were recorded compared to last week. 60 exits were recorded this week which is slightly lower compared to last weeks’ number.

• Majority of the new arrivals cited their reason for displacement into the IDP sites was due to lack of food (74%). In addition, 14% cited insecurity in their areas of origin (from Buale, Jamame and Jiliib) and 12% cited health as their reason for displacement.

18 Sep 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

  • This week there were 14 new arrivals and only 4 exits recorded at Dollow IDP camps. The number of new arrivals slightly increased compared to the previous week. In general, for the month of August, movements in Dolow IDP sites have remained significantly low compared with July entries.

18 Sep 2018 description

KEY MESSAGES

• This week there were 158 new arrivals and only 48 exits at the Baidoa checkpoints.
Lowest recorded of exit since March of this year. This represents the fifth week in a row that the number of exits has remained below 200. In general, since mid-July all movements in and out of Baidoa IDP sites have remained relatively low compared with previous months.