Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Mekunu - May 2018
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Somalia: Flash Floods - Apr 2018
- Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016
- Somalia: Floods - May 2016
- Somalia: Cholera Outbreak - Apr 2016
- Tropical Cyclone Megh - Nov 2015
- Tropical Cyclone Chapala - Nov 2015
- Somalia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Somalia: Drought - 2015-2018
Maps & Infographics
This report compares current humanitarian crises based on their level of humanitarian access. Affected populations in more than 40 countries are not getting proper humanitarian assistance due to access constraints. Out of 44 countries included in the report, nearly half of them are currently facing critical humanitarian access constraints, with four countries (Eritrea, Syria, Venezuela, and Yemen) being considered as inaccessible. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in eight countries, and 15 face low humanitarian access constraints.
Tropical Cyclone Sagar with winds between 110 -115 km/h formed in the Gulf of Aden between Yemen and Somalia on 19 May. It made landfall on the northwest coast of Somaliland as a Tropical Storm with 56 km/h winds, resulting in a year’s worth of heavy rains and flooding (ADAM 19/05/2018). The storm caused extensive destruction, including loss of livestock and crops, destruction of homes and critical infrastructure, and mass displacement (OCHA 23/05/2018; OCHA 20/05/2018).
Heavy rains and flooding have continued to compound an already fragile humanitarian situation in the southern and central parts of Somalia, worsening conditions for communities who recently endured a long period of drought (OCHA 25/05/2018). The floods have resulted in the destruction of homes, critical infrastructure, latrines, and the loss of livestock and crops. There is need for shelter and NFIs, as well as WASH assistance.
Anticipated scope and scale
Displacement continues to affect Afghanistan with over 27,000 new IDPs in the past week. Conflict is the primary reason for displacement, although drought and food insecurity are other important reasons.
Conflict has displaced some 10,000 people in Ghazni, while some 4,000 people have been displaced to Kabul and Bamyan. Other significant population movements have recently been reported in Farah due to shifting territorial control, and in Hirat and Kandahar provinces due to drought.
A tropical cyclone developed on 16 May in the Gulf of Aden, between Yemen and Somalia, known as Cyclone Sagar. It hit Djibouti on 19 May causing heavy rains and flash floods (OCHA 22/05/2018;
On 19 May, Tropical Cyclone Sagar made landfall in North-western Somaliland bearing winds in excess of 120 km/h and an entire year’s worth of rain (200-300mm) affecting approximately 700,000 people and widespread destruction of property, infrastructure and the loss of livestock (Government of Somaliland 21/05/201; GDACS 19/05/2015; SWALIM 18/05/2018). The cyclone led to flooding that impacted populations previously devastated by droughts and that had not yet recovered, further worsening existing food insecurity. Urgent needs include food, shelter, WASH, and health (OCHA 20/05/2018).
Since the publication of ACAPS Somalia Floods Briefing Note on 3 May 18, significant rainfall has continued in southern and central Somalia (SWALIM, 04/05/2018). The Juba and Shabelle rivers have burst their banks in several locations, leading to rising flood waters in riverine areas. New incidents of flash flooding have also been reported, notably in Muldug region (OCHA 02/05/2018; OCHA 08/05/2018).
In total over 700,000 people have been affected by flooding, including over 228,000 people who have been displaced since mid April (OCHA 08/05/2018).
The Anglophone crisis continues to drive humanitarian needs in Northwest and Southwest regions.
In the last week of April, clashes between secessionists and the army escalated in Muyuka subdivision. Residents of at least two villages (Bafia and Munyenge) fled their homes. An estimated 40,000 people have been internally displaced by the violence in the past six months in two subdivisions of Southwest region alone.
Read more about Cameroon
In the first week of April, almost 15,000 people were displaced across the country, constituting over 25% of the displacements reported in 2018. Of the 15,000 up to 6,000 people were displaced within Nad-e-Ali/Marja district, Helmand province, due to an ongoing military operation.
There is no humanitarian access to the area therefore the severity of need amongst the IDPs is unclear.
Increased fighting in Taizz and Al Hudaydah governorates has led to the displacement of more than 80,000 people between December 2017 and mid-March 2018. The Saudi-led coalition launched the offensive following the death on 4 December of former president Saleh, with the aim of advancing north along the Red Sea coastline and capturing new territories from the Houthis including Al Hudaydah port. After some advancement, frontlines have remained stalled since January, with conflict parties largely consolidating their positions. Spikes in violence have driven further displacement.
Geneva, Thursday 15 March 2018
Humanitarian access has deteriorated in seven countries over the past six months, according to the Humanitarian Access Overview report released today by ACAPS.
Out of the 37 countries included in the report, nearly half of them (18) are currently facing high humanitarian access constraints. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in nine countries and ten present low humanitarian access constraints.
Food security remains a major humanitarian concern in 2018 in multiple contexts. In this report, ACAPS highlights five of the worst affected countries, where large populations are food insecure, and where households and areas are either already in Catastrophe or Famine levels of food insecurity (IPC Phase 5), or are at risk of deteriorating into this situation.
Almost 900,000 people have been displaced since September in Oromia-Somali region due to conflict. There is limited humanitarian response. IDP children are particularly impacted by the crisis: over 84,000 children do not have access to education and up to 14,000 have been separated from their families. 120,000 under-5 children and 20,000 pregnant and lactating women are in need of nutrition assistance.
The Humanitarian Overview: An analysis of key crises into 2018 focuses primarily on the crises that are expected to deteriorate in the coming year and outlines the likely corresponding humanitarian needs.
Based on our weekly Global Emergency Overview (GEO), we have identified 12 countries that are likely to face deteriorating humanitarian situations in 2018. We include a further six countries where the crises are already severe and likely to continue in a similar trend.
Bangladesh and Myanmar signed a repatriation agreement on 23 November, which includes the requirement to provide proof of residence in Myanmar. This will be difficult for many Rohingya considering their statelessness and the loss of documents when they fled.
In Cox's Bazar, the WASH, nutrition, and health situation for Rohingya is poor and a significant increase in the number of measles cases has been recorded, reaching 1,270 as of 18 November.
Humanitarian organisations in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) are facing increasing access difficulties.
Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) has been told by the Pakistani authorities to close its medical activities in Bajaur Agency. The organisation was told to close another project in Kurram Agency, also in FATA, in September. MSF provided healthcare for more than 40,000 patients in the first nine months of 2017.
Our methodology uses 9 indicators, grouped under 3 categories:
Access of humanitarian actors to affected population
Access of people in need to humanitarian aid
Security and physical constraints Each category is measured through proxy indicators, such as violence against personnel, denial of needs, or active hostilities.
Data is collected at the country level and may therefore not show disparities between sub-regions.