Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Mekunu - May 2018
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Somalia: Flash Floods - Apr 2018
- Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016
- Somalia: Floods - May 2016
- Somalia: Cholera Outbreak - Apr 2016
- Tropical Cyclone Megh - Nov 2015
- Tropical Cyclone Chapala - Nov 2015
- Somalia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Somalia: Drought - 2015-2018
Maps & Infographics
The past year saw the ongoing historic displacement of millions from conflict and persecution, and a weak response from the world’s richest nations to address the problems.
Interview by Eleanor Albert
David Miliband, Interviewee
December 22, 2017
President Uhuru Kenyatta and opposition leader Raila Odinga’s impasse over the 2017 election has cast a shadow on Kenya’s future.
Expert Brief by John Campbell
Interviewee: Arif Husain, Chief Economist, World Food Program
Interviewer: Claire Felter, Assistant Copy Editor/Writer
Presider: Laurie Garrett, Senior Fellow for Global Health, Council on Foreign Relations
August 23, 2011
Council on Foreign Relations
Author: Stephanie Hanson
Updated: August 10, 2011
Leadership and Divisions
Tactics and Motivations
Links to al-Qaeda
Future of the Organization
Interviewee: Rashid Abdi, Analyst, Horn of Africa, International Crisis Group
Interviewer: Jayshree Bajoria, Senior Staff Writer
August 10, 2011
Interviewee: Laurie Garrett, Senior Fellow for Global Health
Interviewer: Toni Johnson, Senior Staff Writer
Author: Robert L. Paarlberg
August 4, 2011
Robert Paarlberg of Wellesley College writes in The Atlantic about how to avert a repeat of Somalia's 1992 famine.
In Somalia today, there are ominous parallels with 1992: pervasive fighting among rival clans, far too little rain, and an inability among international peacekeeping forces to restore order or ensure that food aid reaches those in need. Nineteen years ago, the result was the death by starvation of 300,000 Somalis. Will it happen again?
Author: Michael L. Baker, International Affairs Fellow in Residence
December 10, 2010
The recent conviction in Norfolk, VA, of five Somalis on charges of piracy for their attempt to attack the frigate USS Nicholas last spring is a welcome sign that the outlook for ending piracy may be improving. Pirates are currently holding more than five hundred people hostage, and robust international maritime patrols have not eradicated the threat by themselves.
Even among failed states-those countries unable to exercise authority over their territory and provide the most basic services to their people-Somalia stands apart. A country of some nine million, it has lacked a central government since the fall of Mohamed Siad Barre's regime in 1991. Poverty and insecurity are endemic.
Author: Stephanie Hanson
Pirates hijacked a record number of ships off the Somali coast this year, fighting in Mogadishu has driven hundreds of thousands from the city, and the aid workers that supply critical food and medical supplies to displaced Somalis are now targeted by Islamic insurgents (TIME). Yet perhaps the most telling indicator of Somalia's deepening crisis is this: Not only has the country's weak transitional government failed to protect civilians, according to a new report from Amnesty International, it routinely targets them (PDF).
Author: Stephanie Hanson, Copy Editor
The proliferation of UN peacekeeping operations coincides with an increase in UN-led programs to disarm and disband warring parties, as well as reintegrate ex-combatants into civilian life. "Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration," or DDR programs as they are known to practitioners, have featured in post-conflict reconstruction from Afghanistan to Haiti. But the bulk of DDR interventions-twenty-four since 1992-have occurred in Africa.
Prepared by: Eben Kaplan
The last time the U.S. military conducted operations in Somalia in 1993, eighteen soldiers died in a two-day firefight on the streets of Mogadishu. That prompted a quick pullout and a nearly decade-long aversion to U.S. military intervention. But much has changed since the 1990s, and now, under the auspices of the "global war on terror," Somalia is once again in U.S. crosshairs, evidenced Monday night in an air strike in southern Somalia (FT) which left many dead. The strike may mark the start of a more robust U.S.
Prepared by: Eben Kaplan
The United States has asked the UN Security Council to consider a resolution to lift the arms embargo against Somalia and authorize a regional peacekeeping force for the failed state (AP). As it stands, the UN embargo is largely ineffective, as a recent report by the UN Monitoring Group on Somalia explained. Outgoing U.S. Ambassador John Bolton told reporters the aim of the U.S.-backed resolution is to "provide some measure of stability to permit a political solution" (AllAfrica.com). But experts say a peacekeeping force would do just the opposite.