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24 Aug 2009 description

Somalia faces its worse humanitarian crisis in eighteen years amid an escalating civil war that threatens to push the country into chaos and lead to further deteriorations in the food security and nutrition status of the people.

12 Jun 2009 description


Growing Humanitarian Emergency (HE) for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs): The depth and severity of the IDP Humanitarian Emergency is increasing. The total number of 'new' IDPs increased by more than 100,000 people in May alone, which places the total number of new IDPs in Somalia at more than 1.3 million people. Evidence suggests that this number may continue to increase in the coming months, as populations flee to safety both within and outside Somalia. Fighting between the government and opposition forces has intensified since early May.

20 May 2009 description


Over the last fifteen years, Somalia's private sector has expanded, facilitating the growth of a system of trade that

has contributed to the rise of markets throughout the country. The development of Somalia's urban centres and their linkage to rural livelihoods has prompted FSAU to shift an analytical focus to urban economic activities to ensure that urban populations' livelihood systems are sufficiently captured and that their needs are adequately addressed by the humanitarian, and development community.

20 May 2009 description

Urban Livelihood Description

- Baidoa is the capital city of Bay region with a population of 59,110 people (UNDP Population Estimates, 2005).

- The town is divided into four quarters, namely Horseed, Hawl Wadaag, Berdaale, and Isha. Each quarter is further divided into six sections. Each section consists of two subsections and the smallest subsection represents 50-350 households.

- Baidoa is situated 245 km west of Mogadishu and 240 km southeast of the Ethiopian border.

- Baidoa is the trading centre of the Sorghum-Belt, Somalia's sorghum breadbasket.

20 May 2009 description

    Baseline livelihood assessments are necessary to understanding how a livelihood functions during a specific and average year. They are also essential to conducting successful monitoring of any livelihood system, providing the informational base with which to compare any new threats, shocks, or hazards to that livelihood.

18 May 2009 description


The food security situation following the onset of the Gu rains is mixed, deteriorating in the drought-affected and rain deficit areas in the central regions (Mudug, Galgadud and Hiran) and in the north (part of Nugal Valley and Sool Plateau.

30 Apr 2009 description

New Name for Nutrition Surveillance Project for Somaila

As of March 1st 2009, the Food Security Analysis Unit and the Nutrition Surveillance Project for Somalia have been renamed as the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU). This new name reflects a new integration of both nutrition and food security units into one overall project and represents the start of a 4 year project phase. All future publications therefore will refer to the FSNAU.