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25 May 2017 description

Study Pinpoints Link Between Food Shortages and Attacks by Extremists, Insurgents

Wednesday, May 24, 2017 / BY: Ore Koren

30 Jan 2017 description

After decades of civil war and the collapse of the central government in 1991, Somalis and international supporters have made progress in re-establishing state structures, such as a provisional 2012 constitution and the country’s first elections for a government since 1969. The African Union and the United Nations, with U.S. assistance, support the Federal Government of Somalia in restoring institutions.

22 Apr 2016 description

President Mohamud Says His 'Nascent' State Needs Support to Become Effective

19 Feb 2016 description

Understanding the Political Marketplace May Improve Results, Says Author De Waal

By: Gopal Ratnam

30 Sep 2015 description

Published: September 29, 2015

USIP President, Nancy Lindborg, testifies before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations.

Good morning and thank you Chairman Corker, Ranking Member Cardin, and other members of the committee, for this opportunity to discuss the U.S. role and strategy in the Middle East in the midst of an escalating humanitarian crisis. Your attention to this complex and protracted crisis is important and very much appreciated.

09 Apr 2015 description

Nairobi Must Address Concerns of Muslim Kenyans, USIP Analysts Say

Kenya’s government must adopt a broader strategy to counter extremist violence such as last week’s attack by the militant group al-Shabab at Garissa University, according to two experts at the U.S. Institute of Peace. The attack killed at least 147 people, mostly students.

15 Dec 2011 description

Special Report by Richard Gowan

Summary

More than six thousand personnel are deployed in political missions worldwide. The United Nations and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe oversee the majority of these missions. Although many political missions deal with active conflicts or postconflict situations, some have contributed to conflict prevention in countries ranging from Estonia to Guinea.

28 Sep 2011 description

On the Issues by Mary Hope Schwoebel

Somalia is currently experiencing the worst drought and famine in over half a century. Half of the population (close to four million people) is dependent on food aid, while tens of thousands are estimated to have died since the drought began this past summer.

08 Aug 2011 description

Special Report by Claudia Hofmann and Ulrich Schneckener

Summary

Transnational nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have developed strategies to improve the diffusion of and general adherence to international norms among nonstate armed actors, with the goal of persuading armed actors to adapt their behavior accordingly.

03 Nov 2010 description

Peace Brief by Leonard S. Rubenstein

Summary

Defying expectations, successful polio vaccination campaigns have taken place in well over two dozen armed conflicts, and continue today. Polio vaccination campaigns amid war have often succeeded in gaining the cooperation of anti-government forces such as Sendero Luminoso in Peru, multiple rebel groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the Taliban in Afghanistan.

01 Jun 2010 description

Special Report by Véronique Dudouet

Summary

Reforms to antiterrorism legislation are required to improve its effectiveness and fairness and make it possible to engage diplomatically with proscribed armed groups.

07 Oct 2009 description

Section 1 Introduction

1.0 Context

Terrorists, transnational organized crime syndicates, local warring factions, warlords, and petty thieves have all found common cause in states and regions in conflict. This nexus of interests has grown in sophistication over the past decade, aided by money and technology and fueled by greed and fanaticism. Civilians have increasingly become the victims of violence fostered by this nexus.

22 Jun 2009 description

RAYMOND GILPIN
Center for Sustainable Economies

28 Jun 1999 description


John Prendergast
Briefly

Already the deadliest conflict cluster in the world, the Horn of Africa has exploded again because of the intensification of the once-improbable Ethiopia-Eritrea war.

Support by Ethiopia and Eritrea for proxy militias in Somalia has reignited the Somali civil war and threatened the south with renewed famine.