Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Luban - Oct 2018
- Somalia: Polio Outbreak - Aug 2018
- Tropical Cyclone Mekunu - May 2018
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Somalia: Flash Floods - Apr 2018
- Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016
- Somalia: Floods - May 2016
- Somalia: Cholera Outbreak - Apr 2016
- Tropical Cyclone Megh - Nov 2015
- Tropical Cyclone Chapala - Nov 2015
Maps & Infographics
Most read reports
- UnSettlement: Urban displacement in the 21st century: City of flight -New and secondary displacements in Mogadishu, Somalia (November 2018)
- Somalia Seasonal Monitor: December 13, 2018
- Somalia Drought Crisis - Water Price Monitoring Somalia, October 2018
- Drought Crisis in Somalia: More coordination is needed to face upcoming humanitarian crises
- Somalia: Use of lethal force to quell protests in Baidoa unjustifiable
Civil war, political instability, the presence of terrorist militias, drought, famine: the current situation for most countries in the Horn of Africa is a cause for concern. Because of the difficulties and despite the immense challenges, international commitment to the region has remained strong. Switzerland also has a presence on the ground: through its governmental institutions and NGOs, it is trying not only to deal with the most pressing issues but also to establish stability and lasting peace, either directly or by supporting local organizations.
In December 2006, the dissolution of the Somalia Islamic Courts Council (ICC), that attempted to unify Somalia under an Islamic state based on Shari'a law, opened up a political vacuum. Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (TFG), which is unpopular, weak and dependant on Ethiopian support, is unable to fill this gap. The previous FAST updates had reported increasing tendencies towards destabilization and political devolution in Somalia since the defeat of the ICC. The TFG's military efforts to stabilize Somalia became difficult and progress remained halted.
On 15 July, the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) organized the long-awaited National Reconciliation Conference (NRC) in Mogadishu. External actors described the NRC as the last best chance for Somalia's troubled TFG to bring national consolidation and broaden its public support. But so far the progress of the NRC, both in terms of establishing political front and gaining external support, has not been promising.
Between 18-26 April, the TFG-Ethiopian forces undertook their second massive military operation against insurgents in Mogadishu, which included Islamist fighters and the Hawiye clan militia. The offensive aimed at bringing about a turning point in Somalia's political struggles. However, the offensive failed (see graph). Insurgency attacks continued, the possibility for a political solution was ruled out and the initiatives of external actors were constrained. The present update briefly assesses the overall situation since the offensive.
The Council of Somali Islamic Courts (SIC), which had attempted to unify Somalia on the basis of political Islamism since June 2006, was quickly overthrown by the Ethiopian military intervention of December 2006. External actors consider the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) as the only authority to bring order to Somalia. However, part of the external assistance promised to the TFG has been conditioned on a reconciliation process with moderate elements of the Islamic Courts, dissident warlords and other leaders of the Hawiye clan.
Country Stability and Forceful Events (relative)
Average number of reported Events per month: 126.5