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01 Apr 2016 description

March 28, 2016 by Charu Lata Hogg

The Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008 (CSPA) should be fairly straightforward: the law bans the United States from providing military assistance or arms sales to governments that use children in combat. Simply put, if a country’s government uses child soldiers, it cannot receive military support from the United States.

Except several countries that use child soldiers do.

22 Feb 2016 description

by Larry Attree, head of policy at Saferworld.

The global threat from Islamist militancy keeps on spreading. Armed groups have pledged support for ISIS in 19 countries, and the Taliban, al-Shabaab, and al-Qaeda all remain undefeated. Meanwhile, refugees are fleeing conflict in numbers not seen since World War II.

A reboot of the global war on terror could only make things worse.

27 Nov 2012 description

East Africa has emerged in recent years as a focus of both transnational terrorism and Western-backed counterterrorism efforts. Governments have a responsibility to combat terrorism in a lawful manner. But as this report documents, counterterrorism tactics and operations in East Africa have led to a variety of human rights violations. Governments in the region have cited the need to fight terrorism as a pretext to crack down on political opposition, human rights defenders, and lawful expressions of dissent.

22 Feb 2012 description

The Horn of Africa is one of the least connected regions in the world. Nevertheless, digital media play an important social and political role in Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia (including South-Central Somalia and the northern self-declared independent Republic of Somaliland). This paper shows how the development of the internet, mobile phones, and other new communication technologies have been shaped by conflict and power struggles in these countries.

22 Feb 2012 description

February 21, 2012 | by Costanza Hermanin

On Thursday February 23, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights will rule on a case that has serious implications for the refugee policy around the world. The case in question, Hirsi and others v. Italy was brought on behalf of a group of Somali and Eritrean migrants, whose boats was intercepted in the Mediterranean by an Italian vessel in 2009.

21 Oct 2009 description

By Bronwen Manby

Summary

Laws and practices governing citizenship in too many African countries effectively leave hundreds of thousands of people without a nationality.

21 Oct 2009 description

First comprehensive analysis of Africa's citizenship laws highlights consequences of gender and ethnic discrimination

(Kampala, Uganda, 21 October 2009) - The lack of citizenship rights generates conflict and undermines democracy in many countries in Africa, according to two new studies by the Open Society Institute.

21 Oct 2009 description

Une analyse complète des lois sur la nationalité en Afrique met en exergue les conséquences de la discrimination basée sur le genre et l'appartenance ethnique

(Kampala, Ouganda, 21 octobre 2009) - L'absence de droits en matière de nationalité engendre des conflits et affaiblit la démocratie dans de nombreux pays africains, d'après deux nouvelles études réalisées par l'Open Society Institute.

21 Oct 2009 description

Par Bronwen Manby

Résumé

Dans un trop grand nombre de pays africains, les lois et pratiques régissant la nationalité ont pour effet de laisser des centaines de milliers de gens sans nationalité. Les apatrides africains constituent l'un des groupes des populations les plus vulnérables du continent. Ils ne peuvent ni voter ni se présenter à des élections ; ils ne peuvent ni inscrire leurs enfants à l'école, ni voyager librement ou posséder une propriété foncière ; ils ne peuvent pas être employés par l'État ; ils sont exposés aux violations des droits humains.