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02 Feb 2018 description

More Activity but Fewer Fatalities Linked to African Militant Islamist Groups in 2017

Militant Islamist group activity in Africa continues to be highly context-specific. Those with strong local ties have shown considerable resilience, while ISIS has struggled to gain traction in the Maghreb.

A review of violent events involving militant Islamist groups in Africa in 2017 reveals the following trends:

13 Sep 2017 description

By the Africa Center for Strategic Studies
September 8, 2017

Despite their shortcomings, African peace operations have saved lives, built security sector capacity, and helped mitigate conflict—reducing pressure on international actors to become directly involved.

16 Aug 2017 description

Africa’s humanitarian crises have continued to worsen in 2017. Twenty million Africans have been displaced from their homes and 44 million are acutely food insecure

17 Mar 2017 description

By Joseph Siegle

As ISIS’s influence and territorial control in the Arab world have waned, so too have its reputation and ideological appeal in Africa, writes the Africa Center’s Joseph Siegle.

15 Aug 2016 description

Highlights

  • While Islamist extremism in East Africa is often associated with al Shabaab and Somalia, it has been expanding to varying degrees throughout the region.

  • Militant Islamist ideology has emerged only relatively recently in East Africa—imported from the Arab world—challenging long-established norms of tolerance.

15 May 2014 description

Points Saillants

  • Plus de 60 000 soldats africains appartenant à 39 nations sont affectés à des opérations de paix dans le monde.

  • L’entretien de capacités africaines de maintien de la paix exige un processus continu de formation pour assurer en tout temps la disponibilité des compétences requises par le déploiement rapide et la réponse aux crises.

08 Apr 2014 description

Highlights

  • Over 60,000 African troops from 39 different nations serve in peace operations worldwide.

  • Maintaining African peacekeeping capability requires an ongoing training process to sustain the skill proficiency of troop contingents for rapid deployment and crisis response.

01 Oct 2013 description

POINTS SAILLANTS

  • Plus de 50 opérations de paix ont été déployées dans 18 pays d’Afrique depuis 2000.

  • Le « maintien de la paix en partenariat », qui implique une coopération entre divers acteurs et institutions multilatérales et bilatérales, est devenu de plus en plus commun.

  • Les efforts de génération des forces devraient porter sur le déploiement des capacités requises en vue de la réalisation des objectifs de la mission et pas seulement sur le nombre de soldats de la paix.

23 Jul 2013 description

Highlights

  • Over 50 peace operations have been deployed to 18 African countries since 2000.

  • “Partnership peacekeeping,” which involves collaboration between various multilateral and bilateral actors and institutions, has become increasingly common.

  • Force generation efforts should focus on deploying the capabilities needed to realize mission objectives and not solely on numbers of peacekeepers.

19 Mar 2013 description

Par Prosper Nzekani Zena

Points Saillants

  • Malgré des succès louables, quelques initiatives de désarmement, de démobilisation et de réintégration (DDR) incomplètes ou mal conçues ont été les facteurs clés du phénomène fréquent de la reprise des conflits en Afrique.

  • La réintégration est la composante la plus complexe et la plus critique du DDR, mais celle à laquelle est accordée néanmoins la priorité la plus basse.

15 Jan 2013 description

By Prosper Nzekani Zena

  • Notwithstanding laudable successes, incomplete or poorly conceived disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) initiatives have been key factors to high rates of conflict relapse in Africa.

  • Reintegration is the most complex and critical yet least prioritized facet of DDR.

  • The decision to integrate former militias into the national army is typically a political expediency that impedes military professionalism and increases the likelihood of human rights abuses and instability.

20 Dec 2012 description
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HIGHLIGHTS

The rise of Islamic militancy in parts of the Sahel and Horn of Africa poses growing threats to regional stability. The appeal of these militants stems from their ability to tap into and persuade marginalized communities, particularly youth, that their grievances can be rectified by the establishment of a more pure Islamist culture.

Despite breakthroughs, Islamic militants in Africa typically do not possess great military power and may not seek to govern at the state level. Rather, they tend to be homegrown phenomena, focused on local concerns.

06 Nov 2012 description

By Terje Østebø

  • The rise of Islamic militancy in parts of the Sahel and Horn of Africa poses growing threats to regional stability. The appeal of these militants stems from their ability to tap into and persuade marginalized communities, particularly youth, that their grievances can be rectified by the establishment of a more pure Islamist culture.

25 Oct 2012 description

By J.R. Warner, Africa Center Staff Writer

Over the past year, sustained military offensives by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) peacekeeping force and the Somali government may have dealt a devastating blow to al-Shabaab, the Al-Qaeda-linked militant group that had controlled much of southern Somalia since late 2008. Recent elections that brought educator and activist Hassan Sheikh Mohamud to power have even ushered in hope that Somalia, long-considered the world’s most failed state, might finally be on the path to peace.