Appeals & Response Plans
- Tropical Cyclone Mekunu - May 2018
- Tropical Cyclone Sagar - May 2018
- Somalia: Flash Floods - Apr 2018
- Somalia: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2016
- Somalia: Floods - May 2016
- Somalia: Cholera Outbreak - Apr 2016
- Tropical Cyclone Megh - Nov 2015
- Tropical Cyclone Chapala - Nov 2015
- Somalia: Floods - Oct 2015
- Somalia: Drought - 2015-2018
Maps & Infographics
The Eastern and Southern Africa region continues to face multiple and more frequent humanitarian crises, including conflict and insecurity, economic shocks, climate change, natural hazards and disease outbreaks.1 More than 17 million people (45 per cent children) remain food insecure throughout the region.
In a high-security building in Kampala, Uganda, a man leads a group of sleuths investigating a potential killer. While they may go about their work with the meticulousness of police detectives, they are actually a different type of investigator. Professor Moses Joloba, Director of Uganda's Supranational Reference Laboratory, leads his team to pursue TB – the world’s leading killer among infectious diseases. The disease killed more than 1.6 million people around the world in 2017.
No new cases of cVDPV2 or cVDPV3 have been confirmed this week. The last reported case in this outbreak was cVDPV2, from Fanole IDP camp in Kismayo district, Lower Juba region with a date of onset of paralysis on 30 July 2018.
The total number of cVDPV cases remains seven (7): four cVDPV2, two cVDPV3 and one case with a coinfection of cVDPV2 and cVDPV3.
Addis Ababa, 19, September 2018: Four countries from the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) signed a communique on polio eradication in Garissa, Kenya on 14th September 2018. The communique underscored the need to combine and strengthen the effort of Horn of Africa countries currently responding to an outbreak of poliovirus detected in environmental surveillance and human case samples from Somalia and Kenya. The polio outbreak has been classified as a Grade 2 Public Health Emergency of International Concern.
489 Cholera, 2017
497 Performance of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance and incidence of poliomyelitis, 2018
489 Choléra, 2017
497 Fonctionnement de la surveillance de la paralysie flasque aiguë (PFA) et incidence de la poliomyélite, 2018
Summary of newly-reported viruses this week: Afghanistan – one new case of wild poliovirus (WPV1). Democratic Republic of Congo – two new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2). See country sections below for more details.
Featured on www.polioeradication.org: Coffee with Polio Experts – Darcy Levison of WHO talks about the logistical challenges of reaching every child in the Lake Chad subregion.
Conflicts and climatic shocks aggravate current food insecurity in many countries
Some 39 countries in need of food assistance - FAO expects slightly lower global cereal production
20 September 2018, Rome - Persistent conflicts and climate-related shocks are currently driving high levels of severe food insecurity, particularly in Southern African and Near East countries, which continue to require humanitarian assistance, according to a new report published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today.
More than 28,553 cholera / AWD cases and 388 deaths (Case Fatality Rate, 1.4%) have been reported in 10 out of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2018. These countries include; Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Somalia accounts for 21 % of the total case load reported this year.
No new isolates of cVDPV2 or cVDPV3 from human or environmental samples have been reported this week.
The total number of cases is five: two cVDPV2, two cases of cVDPV3 and one case with a co-infection of cVDPV2 and cVDPV3.
A total of 10 cVDPV2 positive samples and seven cVDPV3 positive samples have been detected in five operational environmental sampling sites in the Banadir region, the latest of which became operational in the past week.
6 September 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has announced 76 new cases of cholera including one death for week 34 (20 to 26 August) of 2018. Over the past two weeks, there has been an increase in the number of cholera cases reported. The cumulative total of cases is 6245, including 42 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017. Of 261 stool samples collected since the beginning of this year, 79 tested positive for Vibrio cholerae, serotype O1 Ogawa.
By NG'ANG'A MBUGUA
The road leading to Hagadera in the Dadaab Refugee Complex is wide, straight and dusty.
Inside the camp, where tin and mud-walled houses are shielded from the wind by dry twig fences, the road narrows as it winds its way to the block E6 dispensary in the heart of the camp.
This is the first day of the round one vaccination campaign against polio in 12 high-risk counties, including Garissa.
The latest round targets children under five years, who will get the bivalent oral polio vaccine.
15.8M People facing food insecurity
4.1M People displaced
16.3M People affected by drought in the region
1M People affected by floods
477 Widespread transmission of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus identified by environmental surveillance and immunization response, Horn of Africa, 2017–2018
480 Isolation and identification of human influenza viruses in cell culture: summary analysis of the WHO external quality assessment programme for National Influenza Centres in the WHO regions of the Americas, Africa and Eastern Mediterranean, 2017
Following the Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) on 1 August, UNICEF and partners are supporting the Government with preparedness efforts that include community mobilization, psychosocial support as well as water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions in eight districts bordering the DRC.
Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.
So far in 2018, 36,185 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, including 1,626 in August. They are mostly from South Sudan and Eritrea.
The food security situation has continued to improve, however needs remain critical with IDPs being the most vulnerable. An estimated 4.6 million people are in need, down from 5.4 million (February 2018).
Forced evictions of IDPs have continued to surge in 2018, affecting an estimated 204,000 individuals by end August.
FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION SITUATION
Leading experts in animal health and public health from 11 countries developed a regional plan of action against the Rift Valley fever outbreak in East Africa at a high-level meeting in Tanzania, 28-30 August.
Highlights Cumulative figures as of week 34
• 333 (80%) health facilities across Somalia submitted weekly reports of epidemic-prone diseases in the electronic early warning alert and response network (EWARN) system in week 34.
• Total number of consultations decreased from 67,588 in week 33 to 61,506in week 34.
• A total of 6,130 alerts were received. 292 of these alerts were confirmed as true alerts in week 34.