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18 Dec 2018 description

Introduction

Ethiopia, the second most populous country in Africa, faces a massive internal displacement crisis due to inter-communal violence and conflicts. The displacement crisis started in autumn 2017 and has escalated and spread in the second half of 2018. Meanwhile, there is dramatic political change brought about by the arrival of a new prime minister in 2018, an ongoing refugee influx from South Sudan and Eritrea, and millions of Ethiopians who need emergency food assistance and support to rebuild their livelihoods.

14 Dec 2018 description

As UNHCR works to enhance registration data, the monthly population update has been frozen as of 31 August 2018, pending completion of the ongoing Level 3 registration

Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.

Over 205,000 refugees, representing 24.7% of the total refugee population in Ethiopia, have gone through the comprehensive (L3) registration.

14 Dec 2018 description

UNHCR Senior Officials, including the Assistant High Commissioner for Operations, visited a site for internally displaced people (IDPs) in South Ethiopia. 2.4 million Ethiopians are currently believed to be IDPs.

Betty G, UNHCR High Profile Supporter and Ethiopian Singer, advocates for refugees’ rights, with a focus on women refugees, after visit to the Aysaita Refugee Camp in Afar As UNHCR works to enhance registration data, the monthly population of concern figures have been frozen as of 31 August 2018, to facilitate the completion of the ongoing Level 3 Registration.

11 Dec 2018 description

Between 1 January and 31 October 2018, 3,346 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 15% of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the number of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first ten months of 2018 is considerably lower than in the same period last year, when almost 14,600 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-October 2018 period (15 per cent) is slightly higher than in January-October 2017 (13 per cent).

11 Dec 2018 description

In Numbers

36,000 mt of food assistance distributed

US$ 125 million, six months (November 2018 – April 2019) net funding requirements, representing 48 percent of total requirements.

4.43 million people assisted In October 2018

Operational updates

• According to the 2018 Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP) Mid-Year Review, 8 million people require targeted relief food/cash assistance until the end of the year.

11 Dec 2018 description

Key Indicators
- 2,069 :Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – November 2018
- 1,629: Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
- 51,848: Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions

Operational Context

The key situations include:

10 Dec 2018 description

Déplacement de criquets vers les zones de reproduction hivernale

La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin reste calme dans tous les pays.

07 Dec 2018 description

In November, 26,000 new displacement were monitored by the UNHCR-led Protection and Returns Monitoring Network (PRMN), a decrease compared to last month. Half of the displacements occurred in Bakool region due to lack of livelihood as pastoralists search for greener pastures. In 2018 so far, PRMN has monitored 858,000 internal displacements due to conflicts, floods and drought.

It is estimated there are 2.6 million internally displaced people in Somalia.

07 Dec 2018 description

87,051 refugee returnees (2014 - 2018)

This figure includes voluntary repatriation from Kenya (82,840) and Assisted Spontaneous return from Yemen (3,053) as well as 1,158 returns from other countries such as Djibouti (696), Libya (353), Sudan (64), Eritrea (34), Pakistan, Gambia, Angola, Cambodia and others. Somali refugees from these or other countries who return spontaneously without assistance from the UNHCR are not included.

82,840 refugee returnees from Kenya (2014 - 2018)

05 Dec 2018 description

Libya continues to be a transit point for departure from North Africa towards Europe. UNHCR's interventions at disembarkation points in Libya focus on the provision of life-saving assistance and protection monitoring, to identify persons in need of international protection, as well as vulnerable individuals, such as unaccompanied and separated children, elderly, medical cases, women at risk or victims of trafficking. UNHCR through its partner International Medical Corps provides medical services and core relief items.

03 Dec 2018 description

General situation during November 2018 Forecast until mid-January 2019

The Desert Locust situation continued to remain calm during November