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22 Oct 2018 description
infographic UN Children's Fund

Context Analysis

Somalia

  • 4.6 million people in need and 954,000 children under-5 that are or could be acutely malnourished in the next year.
  • The current number of IDPs in Somalia has increased to 2.6 million from 2.1 million in May.

Ethiopia

20 Oct 2018 description

A strategy meeting on the Horn of Africa and Yemen was held by UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, in Addis Ababa on 13 and 14 October to develop a framework and action plan to guide the Fund’s work and partnerships in the region.

Forced displacement, family separation, and lack of basic protection mechanisms and essential services put women and girls at risk of sexual violence in particular. Together with high fertility rates, this scenario is putting pressure on limited resources and negatively impacting the future of youth.

19 Oct 2018 description

Situation

  • Djibouti is an arid, desert-like country, characterized by low rainfall, extremely limited agricultural production and a heavy reliance on food imports. Approximately 42 percent of the population lives in absolute poverty, mostly in rural areas.

18 Oct 2018 description

Thus far, 2018 has been historic in many ways. Eritrea and Ethiopia signed a landmark declaration of peace and friendship on 9 July, casting aside decades of hostility in a matter of weeks. The announcement of the end to the state of war was met by widespread jubilation in both countries, and was matched by concrete acts of rapprochement, which included reopening telephone and air links as well as the Eritrean embassy in Ethiopia.

18 Oct 2018 description

Migration Resource & Response Centers (MRRCs) are situated along key migration routes, where they fill critical gaps by providing direct assistance, including food and temporary shelter, medical assistance and service referrals to migrants. Working collaboratively, MRRCs bring together key partners to facilitate the identification of migrants in vulnerable situations, and ensure that they receive appropriate, immediate and longer-term support. The services provided by each MRRC vary based on location and needs.

17 Oct 2018 description

Introduction

The recent influx of South Sudanese refugees into Uganda has reignited debate about the country’s refugee policy and, with it, discussions on the extent to which the “Ugandan model” can be implemented in other countries in Africa and around the world. Given the growing numbers of refugees globally, and the momentum surrounding the global compact on refugees and the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF), these are vital discussions.

16 Oct 2018 description

Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 905,831 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 August 2018.

*Please note that the monthly population update is frozen until 18 January 2019 to allow for the smooth conduct of the ongoing L3 registration

Between January and August 2018, 36,185 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, mostly from South Sudan and Eritrea.

16 Oct 2018 description

UNHCR delivers lifesaving assistance to respond to the increased Eritrean influx following the reopening of the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Ethiopia is experiencing an increase in the number of internally displaced people. In total, over 2.8 million people in Ethiopia are currently internally displaced.

UNHCR enhances registration data and has frozen refugee figures as of 31 August 2018.
Hence all figures in this Operation Update are as of August 2018.

UNHCR delivers lifesaving aid to respond to the increased Eritrean influx

11 Oct 2018 description

Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 3,254 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 16 per cent of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the number of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first nine months of 2018 is considerably lower than in the same period last year, when over 13,800 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-September 2018 period (16 per cent) is slightly higher than in January-September 2017 (13 per cent).

10 Oct 2018 description

KEY INDICATORS

1,536 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – September 2018

2,143 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum

41,794 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions

Operational Context

The key situations include:

08 Oct 2018 description

ST. PAUL, Minn.-The Center for Victims of Torture (CVT) is marking 10 years of healing in Jordan, where the organization has cared for thousands of refugee survivors of torture and war, beginning with Iraqi clients and expanding over the years as conflicts and crises emerged in the region and beyond. CVT Jordan has steadily worked over these years to meet increasing demand for holistic, rehabilitative care for refugee torture survivors, especially as the Syrian conflict began and continues to devastate communities today.

08 Oct 2018 description

Foreword from the Regional Director

Welcome to the September edition of the UN Migration Agency Bulletin for the East and Horn of Africa.