- Sierra Leone: Mudslides - Aug 2017
- Sierra Leone: Floods - Sep 2015
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Sierra Leone: Wild Fires - Jan 2013
- Sierra Leone/Guinea: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2012
- West/Central Africa: Floods - Jun 2010
- West Africa: Floods - Jul 2009
- Sierra Leone: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2009
- Sierra Leone: Floods - Sep 2007
- West Africa: Floods - Jul 2007
“Evidence is crucial to successful policymaking. However, in many low and middle-income countries, policy makers lack the capacity to effectively access, appraise and apply research when making decisions.”
This was the starting assumption behind the Building Capacity to Use Research Evidence (BCURE) programme – a £15.7 million initiative funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) from 2013–17. This report presents the findings of the three-year realist evaluation of BCURE.
Published 15 May 2018
2017 in brief
L'épidémie de maladie à virus Ebola (MVE) qui a sévi en Afrique de l’Ouest en 2014-2015, plus particulièrement en Guinée, au Liberia et en Sierra Leone, a engendré plus de 28 000 cas et fait plus de 11 000 victimes.
The Security Sector’s Role in Responding to Health Crises representatives from key regional organizations involved in the Ebola response, including the African Union (AU) and the Mano River Union (MRU), as well as additional researchers, Ebola Task Force coordinators at national and regional levels, and representatives of the diplomatic and international community based in Freetown. Participants shared practical recommendations to facilitate better preparedness to mitigate future epidemics.
HUMANITARIAN AID AND THE SWISS HUMANITARIAN AID UNIT
Emergency aid and reconstruction measures supported by Switzerland directly benefit around three and a half million people a year.
Given their scale and tragic consequences, Swiss Humanitarian Aid has focused its attention on the conflicts in Syria and Iraq, South Sudan and the Central African Republic, and the Ebola epidemic in West Africa. (p. 8)
TECHNICAL COOPERATION AND FINANCIAL AID FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
The largest Ebola outbreak in history started in Guinea in December 2013, spread to Liberia by March 2015 and into Sierra Leone by May 2015. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak a public health emergency of international concern in August 2014. Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea had not experienced an Ebola outbreak before and so understanding of prevention measures and trust in public information was extremely low.
ADVANCE UNEDITED COPY
A. The Ebola Outbreak as a Wake-up Call
The 2014 Ebola outbreak was a human tragedy that took thousands of lives, caused tremendous suffering, and left deep wounds in communities in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. And yet, it was preventable. Much more could have been done to halt its spread earlier. The crisis must serve as a wake-up call for increased global action to prevent future health crises.
The Ebola outbreak in 2014 and 2015 in West Africa and the repercussions it had at international level have substantially changed our perception and understanding of global health security. In this context, DG SANTE, together with the Luxembourg Presidency, organised a conference on "lessons learned for public health from the Ebola outbreak in West Africa – how to improve preparedness and response in the EU for future outbreaks”.
The event took place in Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg) from Monday 12 October to Wednesday 14 October 2015.
Box 1. Effective communication is critical from the onset of any humanitarian emergency. The information needs of people affected by crises often remain largely unmet, however, and not enough capacity and resources are dedicated to address them meaningfully (BBC World Service Trust, 2008, Internews, 2011, CDAC/ACAPS, 03/2014).
This publication is a synthesis of lessons from more than a decade of Concern Worldwide’s disaster risk reduction (DRR) programming in the area of community resilience. Based on research in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Haiti, Mozambique, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Niger, and Ethiopia, this publication describe Concern’s approach to DRR and community resilience and offers lessons and guidance on how to use DRR to build resilience.
The publication presents lessons learned in the following themes:
Introduction: Outbreak of Ebola Virus Dihe outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa was the 26th outbreak in history, but the first one to occur in West Africa and by far the most widespread and deadly outbreak of the disease. A one-year-old boy that died in Guinea in December 2013 could be identified as index case to the epidemic, but was not identified as EVD until March 2014. The disease then spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Improving the response for any significant epidemiological risk means designing and implementing mechanisms and systems that make it possible to contain the disease rapidly so that an epidemic does not reach proportions that are either uncontrollable or very expensive to control.
The objective of this paper is to try to give some order of comparison between what should have happened and what really happened in the management of the 2014-2015 West Africa Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF) outbreak.
The current Ebola Virus Disease outbreak has had serious consequences for the three main countries affected and for many other countries. Preparedness is critical since the risk of cross-border movement of infected individuals is significant.
The outbreak has highlighted the fragility of health systems in the Region and the importance of the International Health Regulations (2005) core capacities, which remain inadequate in the majority of countries worldwide.
The question of 'what changes do we need to empower women smallholders and achieve food security?' has been asked repeatedly. But transformational changes in both public policy and practice have been few and far between, although increasing access to resources and opportunities for women farmers could substantially reduce the number of hungry people in the world.