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05 Feb 2015 description

A heavy disease burden, underpinned by malaria, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, continues to erode human welfare and economic potential in Africa. However, in 2014, no disease was more destabilizing than the Ebola virus, which, by mid-December, had killed 6,373 people and affected nearly 18,000 in the three hardest-hit countries—Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. In addition to the health emergency caused by the outbreak, the most-affected countries have experienced severe economic consequences, with their agriculture, mining and tourism sectors suffering negative growth in 2014.