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19 Jun 2012 description
report Global Witness

Survey finds sharp rise in killings over land and forests as Rio talks open

New figures collected by Global Witness on the killings of activists, journalists and community members who were defending rights to land and forests show the true, shocking extent of competition for access to natural resources. The briefing, A Hidden Crisis?, finds that over 711 people appear to have been killed in the last decade – more than one a week. In 2011 the toll was 106 people, almost doubling over the past three years.

27 Jan 2010 description
report Global Witness

Executive Summary

The will and the capacity of the United Nations (UN) and Member States to deal with natural resourcefuelled conflicts is weak. In eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), civilians die on a daily basis because of a war that is stoked by the international trade in minerals. The conflict's economic dimension and the identity of those fuelling it have been known for many years; yet increased awareness of the problem has not triggered effective action.

27 Jan 2010 description
report Global Witness

Press Release - 27/01/2010

The lack of a coherent and committed international approach to tackling the role of natural resources in conflict is costing lives in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and heightening the risk of further unrest in other fragile states such as Côte d'Ivoire and Guinea, according to a new report from Global Witness.

Drawing on Global Witness' experience in Angola, Cambodia, DRC, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Sudan, the report, Lessons UNlearned, aims to promote understanding of, and a strategy for dealing with, the problem of natural resource wealth …

26 Jun 2009 description

A coalition of civil society organisations acknowledged some progress at the close of the sixth Intersessional meeting of Kimberley Process Certification Scheme in Windhoek, Namibia this week but said that more action was needed from governments to ensure the scheme's effectiveness.

19 Jun 2009 description
report Global Witness

Civil Society Groups warn effectiveness of Kimberley Process compromised

A landmark scheme established in 2003 to prevent trade in conflict diamonds is potentially failing in its objectives, campaigners said today.

Ahead of a key meeting of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) in Namibia, a coalition of civil society groups said that despite having all the tools in place, the scheme was failing effectively to address issues of non-compliance, smuggling, money laundering and human rights abuses in the world's alluvial diamond fields. The groups highlighted a number of …

19 Jun 2009 description
report Global Witness

Des groupes de la société civile craignent que l'efficacité du processus de Kimberley soit compromise

Crée en 2003 pour lutter contre le commerce des diamants de guerre, le système qui constitue le pilier de la lutte contre le commerce des diamants de guerre risque de faillir à ses objectifs, déclare aujourd'hui les militants.

=C0 l'approche de l'importante réunion du système de certification du Processus de Kimberley (SCPK) en Namibie, une coalition de groupes de la société civile déclare que malgré le fait que tous les outils soient en place, le système ne parvient …

30 Nov 2008 description

The illicit trade: Gateway for conflict diamonds

The illicit trade in rough diamonds is one of the greatest threats facing the Kimberley Process (KP) certification scheme. The KP was created to halt and prevent the trade in conflict diamonds that cost so many lives during the last two decades.

15 Oct 2007 description
report Global Witness

This is a submission by Global Witness on the Peacebuilding Commission's (PBC) Integrated Peacebuilding Strategy for Sierra Leone (IPBS). Our key point is that while natural resources were included in earlier drafts, they have been dropped from the June draft of the IPBS. This is a worrying omission. In June 2007 the Working Group on Lessons Learned, created to accumulate best practices and lessons learned on peacebuilding issues, highlighted that the predation of natural resources to finance conflict was among the most serious problems with regional repercussions in West Africa.

15 Jun 2005 description
report Global Witness

Recommendations

UN Security Council should:

- Maintain the current embargoes on Liberian timber and diamonds until it can be demonstrated that timber and diamonds no longer contribute to conflict and that government control meets the requirements for lifting sanctions as found in Security Council Resolution 1521 (2003) and renewed by Security Council Resolution 1579 (2004).

07 Dec 2004 description
report Global Witness

A briefing document submitted by Global Witness to the UN Security Council, 08 December 2004

Recommendations

The UN Security Council should:

22 Oct 2004 description
report Global Witness

Diamond controls in many countries are seriously flawed. But controls alone will probably never work unless diamond digging in some African countries pays more than a dollar a day. These are messages contained in two reports released today, prepared jointly by Global Witness and Partnership Africa Canada, NGOs closely involved in the creation of the Kimberley Process diamond certification system.

Leaders of the world's diamond industry and representatives of more than 40 countries will gather in Ottawa on Oct.

19 Oct 2004 description
report Global Witness

SUMMARY OF UK AND US RESULTS OF GLOBAL WITNESS AND AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL SURVEY

This report presents the results of Global Witness and Amnesty International's survey into the diamond jewellery retail sector's implementation of self-regulation to support the Kimberley Process, the international diamond certification scheme launched to combat the trade in conflict diamonds. Many members of all sectors of the diamond industry made three commitments in January 2003:

  • To implement a code of conduct to prevent buying or selling conflict diamonds

28 Oct 2003 description
report Global Witness

The integrity of the Kimberley Process Diamond Certification Scheme (1) will be at stake this week when representatives from governments, the diamond industry and NGOs convene for the Kimberley Process plenary meeting being held from 29-31 October 2003 in Sun City, South Africa.

04 Sep 2003 description
report Global Witness

Against the People, For the Resources', a new briefing document released today by Global Witness, the Nobel Peace Prize-nominated investigative group, details the risks of lifting UN Security Council sanctions on Liberia, as to do so would fuel regional instability and imperil Liberia's nascent peace process.

07 May 2003 description
report Global Witness

Global Witness welcomes the UN Security Council's decision to extend the current sanctions regime on Liberia for its threat to international peace and security, and applauds the inclusion of an embargo on Liberian timber (1). This decision will prohibit the Liberian government and rebel groups' access to logging industry resources, which are being used to fund violent conflict in Liberia and Cote d'Ivoire.

30 Apr 2003 description
report Global Witness

JOHANNESBURG: Representatives of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) attending the First Plenary Meeting of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) welcomed international commitment to take additional effective steps to break the link between diamonds and human rights violations and conflict in Africa. However, governments failed to take action on an element critical to the credibility of the Scheme -- the need for regular, independent monitoring of all participants, to ensure that the process is not subject to abuse.

31 Mar 2003 description
report Global Witness

Why it's Still Possible, How it Works and How to Break the Trend

29 Jan 2003 description
report Global Witness

But More Action Needed to Eliminate Trade in Conflict Diamonds

10 Dec 2002 description
report Global Witness

Global Witness is concerned that the United Nations appears to be re-applying and lifting targeted diamond sanctions in an arbitrary and uncoordinated manner.

20 Nov 2002 description
report Global Witness

Global Witness is calling for the European Commission (EC) and its 15 Member States to adopt a tough regulation to combat the trade in conflict diamonds. The regulation must include the concept of extra-territoriality and must not contain any sunset provisions. Global Witness believes a strong message must be sent out to conflict and illicit diamond traders that their ways of doing business are over and that their illegal business practices in non-EC member countries will no longer be tolerated.