13 entries found
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11 Dec 2016 description

AUTHORS

Erin Stone, Laura Miller, Joseph Jasperse, Grayson Privette, Juan Cruz Diez Beltran, Amara Jambai, John Kpaleyea, Alfred Makavore, Mohamed Foday Kamara, Ruwan Ratnayake

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: There are few documented examples of community networks that have used unstructured information to support surveillance during a health emergency. In January 2015, the Ebola Response Consortium rapidly implemented community event-based surveillance for Ebola virus disease at a national scale in Sierra Leone.

01 Jun 2016 description

Abstract

Background

It is estimated that more than two-thirds of the population in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) must leave their home to collect water, putting them at risk for a variety of negative health outcomes. There is little research, however, quantifying who is most affected by long water collection times.

Objectives

21 Dec 2014 description

AUTHORS

Håkon Angell Bolkan
Donald Alpha Bash-Taqi
Mohammed Samai
Martin Gerdin
Johan von Schreeb

ABSTRACT

Background: The indirect effects of the Ebola epidemic on health service function may be significant but is not known. The aim of this study was to quantify to what extent admission rates and surgery has changed at health facilities providing such care in Sierra Leone during the time of the Ebola epidemic.

24 Nov 2014 description

AUTHORS

David Fisman

Ashleigh Tuite

ABSTRACT

Background: The 2014 West African Ebola outbreak has evolved into an epidemic of historical proportions and catastrophic scope. Prior outbreaks have been contained through the use of personal protective equipment, but such an approach has not been rapidly effective in the current epidemic. Several candidate vaccines have been developed against the Ebola virus, and are undergoing initial clinical trials.

14 Nov 2014 description

AUTHOR

Maria A. Kiskowski

ABSTRACT

Background: In mid-October 2014, the number of cases of the West Africa Ebola virus epidemic in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia exceeded 9,000 cases. The early growth dynamics of the epidemic has been qualitatively different for each of the three countries. However, it is important to understand these disparate dynamics as trends of a single epidemic spread over regions with similar geographic and cultural aspects, with likely common parameters for transmission rates and reproduction number R0.

07 Nov 2014 description

AUTHORS Caitlin M. Rivers, Eric T. Lofgren, Madhav Marathe, Stephen Eubank, Bryan L. Lewis

ABSTRACT

Background: An Ebola outbreak of unparalleled size is currently affecting several countries in West Africa, and international efforts to control the outbreak are underway. However, the efficacy of these interventions, and their likely impact on an Ebola epidemic of this size, is unknown. Forecasting and simulation of these interventions may inform public health efforts.