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21 Feb 2012 description

Practitioner Tool by Kelvin Ong

Failure by mediators to fully assess the interests and positions of negotiating parties and accurately identify the strategies and tactics conflict parties employ to avoid disarming and demobilizing their fighting forces can greatly compromise the viability of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programs. Providing guidance on the mediation and negotiation aspects of DDR, this toolkit lays out eight detailed steps that mediators can take to establish appropriate linkages between DDR and other aspects of a peace process.

25 Sep 2011 description

State of the Field and Lessons Learned from USIP Grantmaking

Peaceworks by Kimberly Theidon and Kelly Phenicie with Elizabeth Murray


The field of gender, conflict, and peacebuilding has emerged over recent decades; become institutionalized through policymaking, legal practice, and the development of practitioner models; and been enhanced through academic research.

Significant gaps remain in the understanding and awareness of the gendered dimensions of conflict and its legacies.

14 Jan 2011 description

Peace Brief by Kathleen Kuehnast and Nina Sudhakar


Gender is often used synonymously with the study of women.

28 Dec 2010 description

Special Report by Valerie Norville


Building lasting peace and security requires women's participation.

29 Apr 2010 description

Special Report by Sean McFate


Disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR) processes should be interrelated and mutually reinforcing. As DDR and SSR share the same objective--consolidation of the state's monopoly of force to uphold the rule of law--they succeed or fail together and should be planned, resourced, implemented, and evaluated in a coordinated manner.

28 Feb 2005 description

Rosalind Shaw


After an eleven-year civil war that became internationally notorious for mutilation, sexual violence, and the targeting of children, a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) began its public hearings in April 2003.

31 Jan 2002 description


The past dozen years of warfare in West Africa have led to the death, injury, and mutilation of hundreds of thousands of people and the displacement of millions more.

Conflict erupted in Liberia in 1989, Sierra Leone in 1991, and Guinea in 2000, but fighting in West Africa has not been confined to these states.