- Sierra Leone: Mudslides - Aug 2017
- Sierra Leone: Floods - Sep 2015
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Sierra Leone: Wild Fires - Jan 2013
- Sierra Leone/Guinea: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2012
- West/Central Africa: Floods - Jun 2010
- West Africa: Floods - Jul 2009
- Sierra Leone: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2009
- Sierra Leone: Floods - Sep 2007
- West Africa: Floods - Jul 2007
The international debate packages the problem neatly, but offers few solutions for Africa.
31 JUL 2017 BY / BY TUESDAY REITANO
Combating human trafficking has become one of the biggest global challenges, attracting high-level pledges of support from world leaders, especially in the West.
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia – In 2013, African Union (AU) leaders committed to a future where the continent is free from the scourge of conflict; pledging to ‘end all wars in Africa by 2020.’
But the high ideals of Vision 2020 – also referred to as ‘Silencing the Guns’ – can only become a reality if pragmatic steps are taken to curb the misuse and uncontrolled spread of arms. One such measure is the enforcement of United Nations (UN)-imposed arms embargoes.
Although challenges remain, ECOWAS has done well to implement the AU’s Peace and Security roadmap.
BY AMANDA LUCEY
When will customs officials at airports stop checking your temperature upon arrival from an African destination? In countries like Ethiopia, half a dozen medics in white coats check whether travellers had recently visited Liberia, Sierra Leone or Guinea. Admittedly, Addis Ababa hosts the headquarters of the African Union (AU), where most of Africa’s 54 member states are represented. And these officials travel a lot.
In this issue
■ Addis Insight
The African Union (AU) is increasingly focusing on the role of women in peace and security as part of its 2015 theme: women’s empowerment and development towards the implementation of Agenda 2063. This will also be the theme of the upcoming AU summit in Johannesburg, South Africa.
■ On the Agenda
The PSC discussed the African position on the review of United Nations (UN) peace operations. Cooperation between the UN and the AU in peacekeeping in Africa has become increasingly important.
On 9 May, the World Health Organisation (WHO) made a remarkable announcement. After 14 months and 4 573 deaths, Liberia was formally declared to be free from Ebola.
The announcement came after Liberia successfully – albeit nervously – waited 42 days without any new cases.
Dans ce numéro
■ Coup de projecteur sur le sommet de l’Union africaine
Les chefs d’État et de gouvernement ont reporté la présentation d’un rapport crucial sur le Soudan du Sud et décidé d’envoyer une force régionale pour lutter contre Boko Haram.
Plusieurs réunions ont eu lieu en marge du sommet, notamment sur la Libye ou sur les sources alternatives de financement de l’UA.
Achevées tard dans la nuit, les discussions n’ont pas permis d’aboutir à un accord sur le partage du pouvoir au Soudan du Sud.
■ Vues d’Addis
The recently concluded African Union (AU) summit, from 23 to 26 January 2015, which concluded with the adoption of Agenda 2063 – the continent’s blueprint for development – once again gave African leaders and international role players an opportunity to engage on pressing issues affecting the continent.
While the theme of the summit was ‘Women’s empowerment and development towards Africa’s Agenda 2063’, peace and security unsurprisingly dominated both the agenda and the high-level sideline meetings, with mixed results.
Dans ce numéro
■ Vues d’Addis
- La réponse de l’UA face à la situation au Burkina Faso soulève d’importantes questions, notamment sur la réaction rapide et le rôle de l’armée.
■ À l’ordre du jour
- Le CPS a tenu une réunion publique afin de discuter de l’envoi prévu de 1 000 professionnels de la santé dans les zones affectées par le virus Ebola.
■ Analyse de situation
There is little doubt in my mind that international intervention during the difficult times of the 1990s in Sierra Leone represents a success story in ending a brutal war that engulfed this small West African country for over a decade. Sierra Leone bestowed upon itself notoriety for a horrendous fratricidal war, the trademarks of which were amputations, the employment of child soldiers, the use of sex slaves, and looting and burning of both public and private properties.
Should private military and security companies be involved in peacekeeping in Africa’s war-torn regions? As private companies, their vested interests may not coincide with those of the countries or organisations that employ them. Yet, given the failure of so many peacekeeping efforts in Africa, might these companies not be used effectively by UN and other peacekeeping forces? In this monograph five African analysts debate the merits and pitfalls, morality and politics, accountability and legal issues, of using private operators in African peacekeeping efforts.
West Africa, like all other regions of the African continent, has been faced with a multitude of security challenges since the end of European colonisation in the region in the early 1960s. And as most West African countries celebrate 50 years of independence in the year 2010, which the African Union (AU) has proclaimed as the "Year of Peace", many of these challenges remain acute.
Gugu Dube, Junior Researcher, Arms Management Programme
African states reinforced their ownership of the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) at a global conference hosted by the governments of Chile and Norway in collaboration with UNDP held 7-9 June in Santiago, Chile. The CCM is the most significant international disarmament treaty since the 1997 Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention.
This book seeks to address the frictions between protecting the rights of accused persons and protecting the physical and psychological wellbeing of witnesses in Africa. Developed states are still attempting to refine the weighing of these two public goods. The African challenge is complicated by poor capacity and integrity in the justice sector, as well as by lower living standards. These issues commonly cause justice inefficiencies which impede both witness protection and the rights of the accused.
When the colonial order ended in Africa,
a myriad of problems confronted the new African nations. According to a
recent study 16 wars took place between 1990 and 1997 in Africa. Of these,
14 were intrastate conflicts (Algeria, Angola, Chad, Ethiopia, Liberia,
Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Uganda,
Western Sahara, and the Republic of Congo). Only 2 were interstate (Chad/Libya
In the past the African Union (AU) has both in rhetoric and action expressed its uncompromising commitment to ending impunity on the continent. This commitment is reflected in article 4(h) of its Constitutive Act which states that "it is the right of the Union to intervene in a Member State pursuant to a decision of the Assembly in respect of grave circumstances, namely: war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity".
The environment is indisputably becoming a contested terrain - an arena of community resistance against the exploitative and polluting activities of some, often aggravated by political intervention.
Disputes over natural resources in Africa have indeed exacerbated over the last few decades and often occur as a result of pressure exerted by overpopulation on a shrinking natural resource. This in return leads to overuse, unfair and unequal distribution and mismanagement of the said resources.
In Kenya, for example, a dispute over whether settlers in the Mau Forest Complex should be …
by Theo Neethling
This article examines the challenges, extent and achievements of peacebuilding programming in Sierra Leone and assesses the prospects for sustainable peace. The author shows that armed conflicts require sustained efforts that address the political, humanitarian, economic and social dimensions of conflicts. He demonstrates that in Sierra Leone, peace that would not have been possible without the presence and active post-conflict assistance of the UN.
"Resources such as diamonds, rubber, and timber have sustained civil war in the Mano River Basin and provided buying power to purchase the estimated eight to ten million small arms circulating in West Africa. Despite (and in some cases, because of) the presence of United Nations missions in Sierra Leone and Liberia, political, criminal, and violent factions have continued participating in the international weapons trade. Recently concluded disarmament and demobilisation in both places have not made a significant dent in the functioning of illicit gun markets.