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10 Sep 2012 description

This Project Briefing explores governance challenges in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) service delivery.

Political economy analysis (PEA) is a tool that can help sector specialists to identify appropriate responses in a given context, designing and implementing approaches that ‘best fit’ existing institutional structures and incentives, rather than imposing an external model of best practice. Informed by PEA, context-specific responses have the potential to be both more efficient and more effective in increasing access to WASH services.

25 Apr 2012 description

Investment in both security and justice in fragile states is focused overwhelmingly on reforming state systems. Donors increasingly acknowledge that people in fragile states often rely on security and justice provided by non-state actors, such as chiefs, religious leaders, militia or trade associations, but actual efforts to engage with these actors have been modest to date.

17 Apr 2012 description

Annual child death rate drops by 4 million since 1990: Save the Children report reveals overseas aid among key drivers of change

Aid is one of six key factors that have driven marked improvements in child wellbeing and survival over the last 20 years, according to a new report Save the Children released today.

Independent research conducted by the Overseas Development Institute agency has found that over 4 million fewer children under the age of five die each year compared to 1990.

10 Oct 2011 description

Authors: Marcus Manuel, Alastair McKechnie and Maia King

Since the Third High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Accra in 2008, there has been a growing awareness amongst the international community that low-income countries with fragile institutions are not simply more difficult cases of development, but require a fundamentally different approach to delivering development assistance.

03 Feb 2011 description

ODI Briefing Paper 67

Authors: Marta Foresti, Lisa Denney and Vicki Metcalfe

This briefing paper outlines the key opportunities and challenges presented by a more integrated approach to international engagements to build stability in fragile states. In particular, it considers the risks and benefits of greater coordination between humanitarian, development and security agendas, suggesting that the potential tension between these objectives must be recognised and addressed in a pragmatic and principled manner.

13 Oct 2010 description

Authors: Steve Wiggins, Julia Compton and Sharada Keats

The issue of rising food prices came to international attention in early 2008. This document answers the following questions about the crisis and responses to it:

  • What has happened to food prices and why?
  • Why are food prices important & where can we find them?
  • How have countries and the international community responded?
  • The future

06 Jan 2010 description

Sam Moon and Tim Williamson

Key points

- Publishing better information on aid requires compatibility with recipients' budgeting and planning systems

- Recipient budgets bear many similarities, but this is not reflected in current formats for reporting aid

- The poorest countries will lose out if donors do not publish aid information that is easy to link with recipient government budget systems

This paper sets out and explores the link between donor aid and recipient country budgets, and the role that greater transparency about aid can play in improving budget …

20 Nov 2009 description

Rebecca Holmes

Key points

- One key challenge in post-conflict countries is meeting objectives that contribute both to poverty reduction and the peace process

- Cash transfers can address the immediate needs of poor households but there is little evidence about their long-term impact on poverty in post-conflict countries

- The dissemination of emerging evidence on best practice in the delivery of cash transfers in conflict-affected countries should be encouraged

Providing cash transfers to poor households to alleviate poverty has been popular in many middle-income …

18 Mar 2009 description

ODI background note

By Alan Nicol and Nanki Kaur

Water is the key medium that links atmospheric temperature rises to changes in human and physical systems.

Climate change will alter the hydrological cycle in many ways. The trigger is the warming of the atmosphere and oceans, which will change major weather systems.

30 Sep 2003 description

Researched, written and published by the Humanitarian Policy Group at ODI
James Darcy
Charles-Antoine Hofmann

03 Apr 2002 description

This report by Anna Jefferys

21 Nov 2001 description

This report by Marc Vincent
21 November 2001 (HPN) - The proposal for a dedicated IDP unit in the UN has met with a mixed reaction. But the humanitarian community must seize this opportunity to improve its assistance to IDPs; it could be years before we get another chance.