- Sierra Leone: Mudslides - Aug 2017
- Sierra Leone: Floods - Sep 2015
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
- Sierra Leone: Wild Fires - Jan 2013
- Sierra Leone/Guinea: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2012
- West/Central Africa: Floods - Jun 2010
- West Africa: Floods - Jul 2009
- Sierra Leone: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2009
- Sierra Leone: Floods - Sep 2007
- West Africa: Floods - Jul 2007
2017 in brief
L'épidémie de maladie à virus Ebola (MVE) qui a sévi en Afrique de l’Ouest en 2014-2015, plus particulièrement en Guinée, au Liberia et en Sierra Leone, a engendré plus de 28 000 cas et fait plus de 11 000 victimes.
The Security Sector’s Role in Responding to Health Crises representatives from key regional organizations involved in the Ebola response, including the African Union (AU) and the Mano River Union (MRU), as well as additional researchers, Ebola Task Force coordinators at national and regional levels, and representatives of the diplomatic and international community based in Freetown. Participants shared practical recommendations to facilitate better preparedness to mitigate future epidemics.
The UK aid strategy outlines a commitment to increasing UK aid investment on global health risks, including infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance. Global health threats are of increasing concern to the international community, as well as representing a challenge to British interests. The recent Ebola crisis in West Africa served to highlight the considerable risks that infectious disease epidemics pose to development.
Through much of 2014 and into 2015, the international community witnessed an outbreak of Ebola virus disease in parts of West Africa that was unprecedented in scale, severity and complexity. The toll in illness and death was severe: more than 28,000 people were infected and more than 11,000 died. Some 16,000 children lost parents or caregivers to Ebola.
The impact of the outbreak went far beyond those grim figures. The three most-affected countries – Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone – were ill-equipped to respond.
This paper explores the urban-specific challenges of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa, focusing specifically on community engagement. In doing so, it identifies learning to take forward into future urban public health crises. Key points made in the paper are as follows:
• Communication and engagement are broad terms to describe a variety of ways in which crisis affected people can be involved in a response.
The West African Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in 2014/15 posed a number of urban-specific challenges to humanitarians responding to the crisis. One of these related to controlling the rapid spread of the disease across the urban landscape. Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone used quarantine at various points, which was by and large ill received, particularly in urban centres. This paper focuses specifically on the use of quarantine in urban environments during the humanitarian response to the Ebola Crisis.
• The 2014–16 West African Ebola epidemic was unprecedented in both scale and duration.
By March 2016, when the World Health Organization (WHO) announced an end to the Public Health Emergency of International Concern declared in August 2014, some 28,616 confirmed, probable and suspected cases, with 11,310 deaths, had been reported in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone – the three worst-affected countries.
Oxfam is leading the Freetown WASH Consortium (FWC) programme in Sierra Leone, which aims to contribute to health improvement through specific pro-poor WASH interventions that are aligned to the government’s 24-month post-Ebola recovery planning. Oxfam’s strategy focuses on promoting citizen engagement and the translation of community needs into policies.
This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam’s Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out in 2015 of Oxfam’s humanitarian response to the Ebola crisis in Sierra Leone. The first case in Sierra Leone was declared on 24 May 2014 and by the end of July 2014 the government of Sierra Leone had declared a State of Emergency.
Prepared over a period of one year from September 2015 to September 2016, UNICEF, in partnership with relevant agencies and governments, presents feedback and lessons learned from the Child Protection Programme during the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic response in West Africa from August 2014 to December 2015.
ADAM LUPEL AND MICHAEL SNYDER
The Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the largest in history and has affected six countries in West Africa, with Sierra Leone being among the hardest hit. The disease killed about 11,296 people out of 15,213 laboratory confirmed cases (CDC, as of August 4, 2015). The recorded death toll includes 4,808 in Liberia, 3,951 in Sierra Leone and 2,522 in Guinea. Control measures introduced in Sierra Leone proved effective in bringing the outbreak largely under control.