- Sierra Leone: Mudslides - Aug 2017
- Sierra Leone: Floods - Sep 2015
- West Africa: Ebola Outbreak - Mar 2014
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- West/Central Africa: Floods - Jun 2010
- West Africa: Floods - Jul 2009
- Sierra Leone: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2009
- Sierra Leone: Floods - Sep 2007
- West Africa: Floods - Jul 2007
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Improved household food security continues across the country due the main season harvests
• The dry season is beginning in December with the cessation of rains and the harvesting of the main season’s food crops. Harvests of vegetables and staple cereals is increasing food availability for poor households, while farm labor is providing wages that are improving their access to food. Most areas in the country will remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity through January 2017.
WFP conducted a training on post-harvest management for 104 participants, including smallholder farmers, Ministry of Agriculture extension supervisors, UN agencies, NGOs and the private sector.
WFP provided food assistance to 211 flood-affected households in the Western Area in collaboration with the Office of National Security and the Red Cross.
A 60 percent increase in fuel prices has resulted in a price hike in transportation, goods and services throughout the country.
WFP, in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security and FAO launched the 2015 Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis report (CFSVA).
WFP provided a two-week ration to 138 flood-affected households in Freetown including their host families. This was complemented by a distribution of non-food items by Red Cross and Save the Children.
Improvement in Household Food Security as harvesting progresses
The 2015 Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) was conducted at a time when the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic started to recede in Sierra Leone. Data was collected using smart phones between September and October 2015, at the end of the “lean season” when the rains are heavy and frequent, roads become inaccessible (limiting people’s ability to access markets) and food stocks become depleted.
Eighty households displaced by floods in Port Loko and Kailahun districts received food assistance for one month to help them cope with the shock. Meanwhile, six flood-affected slum communities in Freetown were jointly assessed by WFP and the Office of National Security. A total of 119 households were identified for food assistance.
Assessments of the nutritional status of people living with HIV for the identification of those who need support are almost complete.
WFP assisted 21,000 children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) through its targeted supplementary feeding programme (TSFP) in the four districts with the highest rates of MAM.
Under WFP’s Food for Assets activities, participants in two districts received food assistance for the rehabilitation of cocoa, coffee and oil palm plantations and cocoa out-plating.
In collaboration with UN-Women and IFAD, WFP conducted a four-day workshop in Koinadugu district on women leadership and nutrition-sensitive agriculture for 42 P4P-supported farmer groups and representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security in 11 districts.
WFP concluded the second round of take-home ration food distribution, reaching 118,000 primary school children in 960 schools across the country.
On August 1-2, IOM participated in a Joint UN Country Team, Office of National Security, and NGO Assessment of potential IDP sites for persons potentially displaced by flooding during the ongoing rainy season. Over the two days, the team conducted an assessment of seven sites in Freetown based on UN Sphere and Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster standards for IDP sites
WFP concluded the first round of take-home food ration distributions: 321,000 primary school children in 1,394 schools in food insecure chiefdoms across the country were assisted to increase enrolment and attendance rates post-Ebola.
The President of Sierra Leone launched the second phase of his Ebola recovery priorities; Education,
Health, Social Protection and the Private Sector.
Training of ART counselors on monitoring and reporting on Food by Prescription for people living with HIV has ended.
To capture critical lessons from the Ebola epidemic of 2014–2016, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) asked CNA to convene an independent panel of public health, healthcare, emergency response, and communication experts to review the Department’s international and domestic responses. This report summarizes the Independent Panel’s assessment of HHS’s challenges—and, where appropriate, challenges facing the broader U.S. government—and presents recommendations for addressing future urgent public health threats.
Significant improvement in household food security when harvests begin in September
The below-average 2015/16 off-season and main harvests in most parts of the country continues to negatively affect both household and market stock levels. Prices are rising to above-average levels as the May to August lean season begins, limiting food access and availability for poor households. From June to September, almost all districts will remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity.
WFP is providing technical assistance to the disaster management authorities to develop national capabilities to prepare for and respond to future emergencies. This includes working in direct partnership with communities to enhance preparedness to flooding and other environmental shocks.
In coordination with the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology, WFP is preparing to restart food for education activities by providing a take home ration for children in food insecure areas.
The outbreak of the Ebola virus disease in West Africa from 2014 to 2015 underscored the fragility of public health services in countries emerging from protracted conflict, as well as the link between governance and health. In both Sierra Leone and Liberia, war had seriously undermined the health sector. Ebola arrived as the large-scale postwar international presence was downsizing and the responsibility for healthcare was shifting to the governments.
Household stocks in most areas become exhausted as the lean season begins
Food security is gradually improving in some urban districts
Market and household stock levels will continue to decline faster than normal through the end of the lean season in July as a result of below-average 2015/16 production. Additionally, Sunday market bans across the country are continuing to limit economic activity. Although early rice harvests are expected to improve food availability somewhat, most areas of the country will remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity through September 2016.
Guinea confirms seven EVD cases between March 17 and April 6
Liberia confirms three EVD cases since March 31; genetic sequencing identifies link to Guinea cluster
USG partners respond to new EVD cases in Guinea and Liberia
USAID/OFDA provides $3 million for community-level and integrated disease surveillance in Sierra Leone