Appeals & Response Plans
- Sudan: Floods - Jul 2018
- Sudan: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - Jul 2017
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2017
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2016
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- Sudan: Floods - Jul 2014
- Sudan: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Nov 2013
- Sudan: Flash Floods - Aug 2013
- Sudan: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Oct 2012
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2012
Most read reports
- Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 16 | 20 August – 23 September 2018
- Disease outbreak news: Chikungunya – Sudan, 15 October 2018
- Chikungunya fever spreading in Sudan’s Nile basin
- South Kordofan identifies 40 villages for voluntary return: commissioner
- Health Ministry declares chikunguya outbreak in Kassala
"Access to education is a fundamental human right. It is essential to the acquisition of knowledge and to the full development of the human personality, as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states. More than that, education makes us more resilient and independent individuals."
Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
Over 100,000 people fleeing ethnic violence have been displaced in BenishangulGumuz (mainly in Kamashi Zone) and Oromia regions (mainly East Wollega and West Wollega zones). There are indications that displacement is rising, though the size of the displaced population is not clear. Urgent humanitarian needs are reported, including food, shelter, NFI and health (The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018, La Vanguardia 13/10/2018, Voa News 02/10/2018, OCHA 10/2018, The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018).
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 14 Oct 2018): 21,563
Total arrivals (1 Jan - 14 Oct 2017): 109,481
Total arrivals 1 Oct - 14 Oct 2018 615
Total arrivals 1 Oct - 14 Oct 2017 4,063
Average daily arrivals in October 2018 so far: 44
Average daily arrivals in September 2018: 32
Purpose and scope
• About 195,000 people in 15 states have been affected by heavy rains and flash floods, HAC reports.
• In East Jebel Marra, over 380 people affected by a landslide receive assistance.
• UNMAS to focus on demining activities in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, the most landmine-contaminated states in Sudan.
• South Sudanese refugees are ready to return to South Sudan if they see a change in the situation on the ground and feel a strong commitment to peace by all parties.
As of 11 October, the Libyan Coast Guard (LCG) rescued/intercepted 14,156 refugees and migrants (9,801 men, 2,126 women and 1,373 children) at sea during 108 operations. So far in 2018, the LCG recovered 99 bodies from the sea. The number of individuals disembarked in Libya has gradually increased over the past weeks when compared to the month of August (552 individuals in August, 1,265 individuals in September and 884 individuals so far in October). An increase in disembarkations may be expected as the sea is currently very calm.
Overview and developments
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 20,948 refugees and migrants arrived in Italy by sea, an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (105,418). In September 2018, just under 950 refugees and migrants reached Italian shores, an 85 per cent reduction compared to 6,291 sea arrivals in September 2017. Monthly sea arrivals numbers in September 2018 were the lowest since February 2013.
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 3,254 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 16 per cent of all sea arrivals in this period. Consistent with an overall decrease in sea arrivals this year so far, the number of UASC reaching Italian shores in the first nine months of 2018 is considerably lower than in the same period last year, when over 13,800 landed in Italy. However, the proportion of UASC among sea arrivals in the January-September 2018 period (16 per cent) is slightly higher than in January-September 2017 (13 per cent).
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, 20,948 persons arrived in Italy by sea, an 80 per cent decrease compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (105,418). In September 2018, 947 persons reached Italian shores, most commonly departing from Tunisia. This is a significant reduction compared to the almost 6,300 refugees and migrant arrivals recorded at landing points in southern Italy in September 2017. The number of monthly sea arrivals in September 2018 is the lowest recorded since February 2013.
Overview and developments
Total number of Sudanese IDPs in need: 1.997 million
Total number of South Sudanese Refugees (15 Sep 2018): 761 889
- Pre-December 2013 352 212
- Post-December 2013 409 677
Eritrean and Ethiopian refugees and asylum seekers in Eastern Sudan: 131 816
- 118 035 Eritrean
- 13 781 Ethiopian
People living at crisis or emergency level of food insecurity (HNO 2018): 4.8 million
IPC: 6 million people in Crisis (IPC 3) and Emergency (IPC 4) phases in July 2018
Severe outcomes likely to persist in several countries despite anticipated regional improvement
Chad is a low-income, land-locked country that suffers from chronic food insecurity due to the effects of regional conflict, frequent drought, lack of income-generating opportunities and limited access to social services. An estimated 4.4 million people in Chad require humanitarian assistance, according to the UN.
1,536 Refugees evacuated temporarily from Libya to Niger as part of the ETM (Emergency Transit Mechanism) from November 2017 – September 2018
2,143 Persons profiled by UNHCR in Agadez seeking asylum
41,794 Persons internally displaced in the Tillaberi & Tahoua regions
The key situations include:
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 86,436 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 7 October, with 39,445 to Spain, the leading destination this year. In fact, since late September’s arrivals were reported, Spain in 2018 has now received via the Mediterranean more irregular migrants than it did throughout all the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 combined.
The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 140,272 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 318,207 at this point in 2016.
Africa needs inclusive health and educational systems that eliminate the stigma around mental illness.
By Stellah Kwasi
The negative impact of armed conflict on the mental health of combatants is well documented. But it wasn’t until about two decades ago that literature on the effect of conflict on civilians began emerging.