Appeals & Response Plans
- Sudan: Floods - Jul 2018
- Sudan: Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) Outbreak - Jul 2017
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2017
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2016
- Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015
- Sudan: Floods - Jul 2014
- Sudan: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Nov 2013
- Sudan: Flash Floods - Aug 2013
- Sudan: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Oct 2012
- Sudan: Floods - Jun 2012
Most read reports
- Sudan: Humanitarian Funds come together to help people support themselves
- SUDAN - South West of Sudan and North-East South-Sudan - OCBA projects
- Sudan: Population Dashboard - Refugees from South Sudan (as of 31 October 2018)
- Security Council Adopts Resolution 2445 (2018), Extending Mandate of United Nations Interim Security Force in Abyei
- 400 Ethiopian refugees arrive in Sudan following ethnic clashes: official
Over 100,000 people fleeing ethnic violence have been displaced in BenishangulGumuz (mainly in Kamashi Zone) and Oromia regions (mainly East Wollega and West Wollega zones). There are indications that displacement is rising, though the size of the displaced population is not clear. Urgent humanitarian needs are reported, including food, shelter, NFI and health (The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018, La Vanguardia 13/10/2018, Voa News 02/10/2018, OCHA 10/2018, The reporter Ethiopia 06/10/2018).
From 26-27 August, at least five people were killed and 33 wounded during clashes between armed groups responding to the Government of National Accord.
The groups appeared to be fighting for control of some strategic areas, such as the international airport region.
A resumption of violence in Tripoli could further hamper humanitarian access in the country as most aid organisations that have returned to the country since June operate from the city.
This report compares current humanitarian crises based on their level of humanitarian access. Affected populations in more than 40 countries are not getting proper humanitarian assistance due to access constraints. Out of 44 countries included in the report, nearly half of them are currently facing critical humanitarian access constraints, with four countries (Eritrea, Syria, Venezuela, and Yemen) being considered as inaccessible. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in eight countries, and 15 face low humanitarian access constraints.
The education system continues to be targeted in the Anglophone crisis. Schools have been attacked, looted or burned down in Southwest and Northwest regions, and fear of attacks is reducing attendance. Several schools have remained closed for the past two academic years, and exams due to take place between May and June are being disrupted. An estimated 42,500 displaced children face difficulties accessing education.
Mauritania going into our severity ranking
Mauritania has longstanding food security challenges, which have contributed to malnutrition. The most affected areas are in the south and eastern parts of the country. The situation is compounded by over 53,000 Malian refugees located near the southeastern border.
Geneva, Thursday 15 March 2018
Humanitarian access has deteriorated in seven countries over the past six months, according to the Humanitarian Access Overview report released today by ACAPS.
Out of the 37 countries included in the report, nearly half of them (18) are currently facing high humanitarian access constraints. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in nine countries and ten present low humanitarian access constraints.
There are 3.3 million IDP returnees in Iraq compared with 2.4 million IDPs. Health, protection and shelter needs are the key humanitarian concerns facing these population groups.
The Humanitarian Overview: An analysis of key crises into 2018 focuses primarily on the crises that are expected to deteriorate in the coming year and outlines the likely corresponding humanitarian needs.
Based on our weekly Global Emergency Overview (GEO), we have identified 12 countries that are likely to face deteriorating humanitarian situations in 2018. We include a further six countries where the crises are already severe and likely to continue in a similar trend.
Our methodology uses 9 indicators, grouped under 3 categories:
Access of humanitarian actors to affected population
Access of people in need to humanitarian aid
Security and physical constraints Each category is measured through proxy indicators, such as violence against personnel, denial of needs, or active hostilities.
Data is collected at the country level and may therefore not show disparities between sub-regions.
Cholera continues to spread in north, west and south Darfur, and has recently been detected in IDP camps in central Darfur. Malnutrition is also a serious concern in this area. Following improved access in central Darfur, alarming malnutrition rates were discovered in the Jebel Marra region.
Anticipated scope and scale
While clashes between the government and various opposing armed forces are sporadic as opposed to ongoing, they signify that the ceasefire is unlikely to hold. Coupled with the reduction of UNAMID forces and their decreased capacity to monitor events and protect civilians, direct and indirect attacks on civilians are likely to continue and increase.
23 people were killed in attacks by Batwa fighters in Tanganyika from 25-30 May, resulting in communities from more than five villages fleeing. Provincial authorities have forcibly returned IDPs in Kalemie to their villages of origin in Tanganyika despite widespread insecurity.
In Nord-Kivu, humanitarian access is deteriorating as intercommunal violence has increased over the last six months. ICRC has suspended their operations providing assistance to 25,000 people in Lubero territory after the abduction of two humanitarian staff.
The number of new South Sudanese refugees in 2017 so far (137,000) has surpassed the total for all of 2016, bringing the current total to 417,000. Malnutrition rates are high. In White Nile state, where there are 122,000 South Sudanese refugees, 40% of those in camps are food insecure. A cholera outbreak in the state since April has led to at least 2,750 suspected cases and 49 deaths.
Anticipated scope and scale
Floods during the rainy season from June until at least October will affect about 200,000 people, mostly in southern Sudan. Particularly vulnerable are the displaced in southern Sudan, where there are 2.3 million IDPs and about 400,000 South Sudanese, 110,000 of whom arrived in 2017. Floods will damage key WASH infrastructure and increase the caseload of diseases including cholera and malaria. Houses will be destroyed and flooding will damage crops and isolate some localities, driving up food prices.
Approximately 900 suspected cholera cases have been reported in Um Jar, White Nile state, with one reported death. 25,000 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in White Nile in 2017.
In Darfur, there have been water shortages at Sortony and Zamzam IDP camps in North Darfur, and at Gerieda camps in South Darfur. Along with recent price hikes by the government, the number of water tankers supplying water has been reduced in recent weeks.
671 cholera cases have been reported in Awerial county, Lakes, since June 2016, of which at least 117 are new cases since 6 March. Most new cases have been reported in Mingkaman IDP camp. The case fatality rate (CFR) is 1.49% - or ten deaths.
A lack of WASH facilities has been reported, further spreading the outbreak. The upcoming rainy season, from May/June onwards, will also likely further deteriorate the WASH situation and result in an increased number of cholera cases.