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03 Apr 2015 description

Later this month, Sudanese voters will head to the polls to elect their next president. Like many of Sudan's earlier elections, this one is not without controversy: Current President Omar al-Bashir and his National Congress Party (NCP) have been in power for decades and are under intense criticism for human rights abuses and for their failure to significantly improve living conditions for most of the Sudanese people. The NCP is the expected favorite, largely due to current regional violence and lack of government openness, among other problems.

26 Jul 2013 description

USIP, Partners Release Report on Realizing ‘Responsibility to Protect’

By: Thomas Omestad

25 Jun 2012 description

On July 9, 2012, South Sudan will celebrate its first anniversary as an independent and sovereign state. The January 2011 referendum effectively ended the prolonged, violent confrontation between the Republic of Sudan and the territories that would ultimately gain independence as South Sudan. This development marked an important stage in the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement [CPA]. In addition to regulating relations between the two feuding parties from 2005 to 2011, the CPA also implemented the framework for the creation of two separate nations.

05 Jan 2011 description

Event Summary

This past January, more than ninety-eight percent of Southern Sudanese voters confirmed their desire to secede from Sudan and declare an independent state. Although the government of Omar al-Bashir in Khartoum issued a decree recognizing the outcome of the referendum, many concerns persist regarding the promotion and protection of the human rights of the Southern Sudanese people, particularly during the turbulent transition to official statehood in July.

15 Dec 2010 description

By Khalid Koser

In 2009 922,500 asylum claims were submitted in 159 countries or territories around the world, according to statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The USA received the second highest number at 47,900 applicants, behind South Africa with a staggering 222,000 applicants. Other significant destination countries were Malaysia (40,100) and Ecuador (35,500).

26 Jul 2010 description

Remarks at the Brookings Institute, 26 July 2010

B. Lynn Pascoe, United Nations Under-Secretary General for Political Affairs

Let me begin by thanking Brookings for this opportunity to speak about the work of the United Nations in dealing with conflicts around the world.

While academic studies seem to conclude that conflicts have actually been declining in recent years, it doesn't feel that way from our vantage point in New York.

24 Mar 2010 description

Event Summary

On March 24, the Managing Global Insecurity Project (MGI) at Brookings hosted a discussion on reforming the United Nations and NATO to meet 21st century global challenges. The event marked the launch of the MGI publication, Cooperating for Peace and Security (Cambridge University Press, 2010). With essays on topics such as U.S. multilateral cooperation, NATO, peacekeeping and nuclear security, the book shows how the operational activities of international organizations meet current global security needs.

10 Oct 2007 description

Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is a vital defense against climate change and displacement, particularly in the current context of increasing numbers of disaster-affected persons. In the last two decades, for example, an estimated 200 million people have been affected every year by natural disasters. A significant portion of the disaster-affected community is also disaster-displaced, making them even more vulnerable to human rights violations.

13 Apr 2006 description


MR. PASCUAL: Good morning, everybody. My name is Carlos Pascual.

31 Mar 2006 description

The African Union is saving lives and preventing atrocities in Darfur, but it needs help to reduce the violence and better protect civilians.

In any given day, hundreds of women in displaced persons camps throughout Darfur can be seen nervously waiting for African Union (AU) troops before venturing outside to collect firewood for cooking.

11 Nov 2005 description


The predecessor of the African Union (AU), the Organization of African Unity (OAU), was notorious for refusing to interfere in what were deemed to be the "internal affairs" of other member states. The OAU perpetuated the primacy of sovereignty, even in extreme moments like the genocides in Burundi and Rwanda and Idi Amin's brutal regime in Uganda.

08 Nov 2005 description

Washington, D.C. (November 8, 2005) - Although armed conflict in Darfur continues to leave millions of people homeless, vulnerable to violence, and susceptible to potentially life-threatening diseases, a report released today by the Brookings Institution-University of Bern Project on Internal Displacement says that, contrary to popular belief, African Union (AU) peacekeeping troops have made a difference in the region.

06 Feb 2005 description

Roberta Cohen, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Studies

23 Nov 2004 description

Displaced people who are persecuted or neglected -- whether in Darfur in the Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Colombia, the Russian Federation, Afghanistan or elsewhere -- turn to the United Nations to provide them with material aid and to protect them from armed attack, arbitrary detention, forced conscription or sexual violence.

To examine how the UN has been providing protection to internally displaced persons (IDPs) and how to make that response more effective, the Brookings Institution-Johns Hopkins Project on Internal Displacement and the Internal Displacement Unit …